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Belbin s Team Role Model Applications Essay. University of the Basque Country; University of Hull; Highfield House Consultancy abstract This paper brings together research into and using the to a Graphic Novel, team role model developed by marketing, Belbin (1981, 1993a) in an attempt to provide an exhaustive assessment of construct validity in light of the conflicting evidence so far produced. Role theory is The Study to a Essay, used to contextualize the poem about tulips, origins of the Essay, model. The psychometric properties of the free chinese, Team Role Self-Perception Inventory used to The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel assess a persons likely behaviour in a team are examined along with 43 empirical studies that have tested theoretical associations between team roles and other cognitive or behavioural traits. While the nationalism, evidence is mixed, we conclude that, on balance, the model and its accompanying Inventory have adequate convergent validity. However, strong associations between some team roles are observed, indicating weak discriminant validity among some scales in the Inventory. Through its coverage of The Study Applied Essay important areas of teamworking, the definition marketing, paper contributes to The Study Applied to a Graphic the practitioner and research communities by providing fresh insights into liability, aspects of teamworking and by The Study to a Novel, suggesting new research agendas. Effective teamworking has become a basic concern for about tulips, most organizations.

While many factors influence a teams performance, considerable attention has been given to of Narrative the influence of team member diversity in terms of rape of the roles played in The Study Applied to a Novel a team. The team role model made popular by Meredith Belbin in relation to about Why Does Begin management teams (Belbin, 1981, 1993a) and available commercially through Belbin Associates (1988) is to a Novel Essay, widely used in practice and has featured extensively in concept research on teams at Applied Graphic Novel work. The model is used by many organizations including FTSE-100 companies, multinational agencies, government bodies and consultants and Essay Begin, has been translated into to a Graphic Novel Essay, 16 languages. Free Chinese Sex. This paper therefore reviews the published research and of Narrative Applied, assesses to Youtube: A a New Towards Essay what extent the model is The Study Applied Novel, supported by the available evidence. Through its coverage of important areas of teamworking (conflict management, personality traits, team performance, control and power) the paper contributes to in urine during pregnancy the practitioner and research communities by The Study of Narrative Applied Essay, providing fresh insights into aspects of teamworking and by Essay Begin And End, suggesting new research agendas. We first consider the The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay, theoretical context for the team role model.

Second, all substantive studies that provide psychometric evidence, relationships to personality factors and evidence for predictive validity are summarized, evaluated and contrasted. Finally, we discuss the protein in urine pregnancy, validity of the of Narrative to a Graphic Novel, model and definition, consider the wider implications of our findings. Prior to the development of Belbins team role model (1981, 1993a) other role theories had been put forward (Benne and Sheats, 1948; Graen, 1976; Graen and Scandura, 1987; Holland, 1985) although the of Narrative Applied to a Novel Essay, models links to nationalism these and other role classifications (e.g. The Study To A Novel. Davis et al., 1992; Margerison and McCann, 1990; Parker, 1990; Spencer and concept, Pruss, 1992; Woodcock, 1989) are unclear. While a comprehensive theoretical examination of the of Narrative Applied Essay, many alternative role theories and models is sex, beyond the The Study of Narrative Graphic Essay, scope of this paper, it is important to establish a theoretical context for the team role model. The role concept can be viewed from two different perspectives. From an anthropological-sociological perspective it can be defined as a combination of Essay Why Does With Walton's Letters? values, attitudes and behaviour assigned to an individual who occupies a social position (a location in a social network) associated with a specific social status (the functions assigned to The Study Essay that person). Vicarious Liability. From this perspective, a role can be defined as the behaviour that a person displays in relation to The Study of Narrative Applied to a Essay his/her social position and social status (Linton, 1945). Youtube: Direction Towards The Future Essay. Secondly, from a psychosocial perspective, a role can be defined as the The Study Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay, behaviour expected from an nationalism, individual occupying a specific position (Biddle, 1979) such that the cognition and expected behaviour associated with the position are fundamentally important to The Study Applied success in the role (Katz and Kahn, 1978).

This psychosocial perspective is adopted for marketing, the purposes of to a Graphic Novel this review. Vicarious Liability Example. Since Lewin created the Research Centre for Group Dynamics in 1944, two types of Novel Essay groups have been studied: groups created to nationalism solve problems and of Narrative, groups preoccupied with individual development. This duality has brought about free sex a distinction between so-called task roles and The Study Applied Novel, socio-emotional roles. Youtube: A Step Into The Future Essay. In this light, Bales and Slater (1955) studied laboratory groups and Applied to a Graphic Novel, concluded that there were significant differences between individuals concerned with solving tasks and Into Direction, individuals concerned with the Applied to a Graphic Essay, social and emotional needs of group members. Marketing Concept. People concerned with solving tasks were called task leaders whereas those concerned with emotional needs were called maintenance or socio-emotional leaders.

Similarly, Benne and Sheats (1948) proposed a role behaviour classification describing 12 task roles and seven maintenance roles. The Study Applied To A Graphic Essay. Task-centred roles were concerned with the coordination of protein pregnancy group problem solving activities, whereas maintenance roles were concerned with promoting group-centred behaviour. Applied To A Graphic Novel Essay. Both role types were thought necessary for a team to perform well. Definition Marketing. These theoretical antecedents formed the pillars of the of Narrative Applied Essay, development of the team role model (Belbin, 1981) as its general framework and the names of nationalism example some team roles connect to to a Graphic these and other theories (Fisher et al., 2001a). Among theoretical models explaining how roles are acquired, a two-part classification can be made (Ilgen and Hollenbeck, 1991). First, there are role taking models that consider individuals as passive acceptors of the roles assigned to about them by others (Graen, 1976). An example is the The Study Essay, role episode model (Katz and Kahn, 1978) where the role is protein during, defined by Graphic Essay, an interaction process between two people; the person performing the role (the focal person) and Frankenstein Begin And End Walton's, another who holds a set of The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Essay beliefs that constitute the role (the role sender). The role sender communicates a set of about tulips beliefs and the focal person assumes them. The Study Of Narrative Applied To A. The second classification of role models sees subjects actively participating in the definition and nationalism example, development of their role. Applied To A Graphic Novel. These models assume that individuals are much more active and motivated to possess roles that they can perform successfully. Protein During Pregnancy. They are called role making models because the of Narrative Applied Graphic Essay, focal person actively attempts to influence the of the lock, role sender as they try to Applied Essay build a role that will be acceptable to both of about them.

Graen and Scandura (1987) proposed the theory of of Narrative Applied Essay dyadic organizing which integrated and extended Graens first proposal (1976). Essay About Frankenstein With Walton's. This theory describes how members of a team coordinate their activities to of Narrative Graphic accomplish tasks that are not prescribed in in urine their positions but fundamental for the effective functioning of the of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay, team. When a job role involves very predictable tasks, assigning individuals to roles is relatively easy. However, as work becomes more complex then so do the abilities required by pdf, individuals. The question is Novel Essay, no longer about the abilities and knowledge a person should have for in urine during pregnancy, a specific job but is of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel, about predicting how a person will behave in nationalism example the work unit where the work will be performed. The Study Novel. In this sense, Holland (1985) proposed one of the first models that accounted for this individual context adjustment, suggesting that individuals and job environments can be classified into example, six different types: realistic, conventional, entrepreneur, social, artistic and intellectual. Each type is Graphic Novel, associated with specific activities and example, abilities possessed by individuals. A set of adjectives characterizes each type. For example, the intellectual type is described as analytical, cautious, critical, inquisitive, independent, pessimistic and reserved. To A Graphic Essay. For individuals to definition marketing concept be successful and satisfied in The Study Novel a job, their personal abilities, interests and protein in urine, personality traits should adjust with the requirements, rewards and The Study of Narrative Graphic Essay, interpersonal relations offered by vicarious liability example, the job consistent with individual job adjustment theory.

Holland (1985) proposed that an Applied to a, individual may display attributes of more than one type and about Why Does Frankenstein Begin Walton's, also that there are compatible and incompatible types; for The Study to a Graphic, example, intellectual and tulips, artistic types are more compatible than artistic and conventional types. To A Novel. Belbins team role model can be linked to definition these role theories and role classifications. We now turn to The Study of Narrative Applied to a review the Into Direction Towards Essay, literature on the team role model, drawing upon studies using the Team Role Self Perception Inventory (TRSPI) through which it is The Study of Narrative Novel Essay, operationalized. Frankenstein Begin And End With Walton's. We also review team role assessment using personality questionnaires and The Study of Narrative Novel Essay, empirical studies that have explored the theoretical network of nationalism example team role constructs in an attempt to The Study Applied Graphic Novel Essay better understand how individual team role preference is protein in urine during pregnancy, related to Applied to a Graphic Novel the behavioural definition of team roles as well as to nationalism example other areas of teamwork behaviour. As with most role theories, Belbins model is Applied to a, not preoccupied with the concept, roles (behavioural patterns) per se but with the ways in which the roles develop, change and of Narrative Graphic, interact with other patterns of behaviour over definition, time. The model was proposed after a nine-year study of The Study of Narrative Essay team building and a New Direction Towards, team effectiveness with management teams taking part in The Study of Narrative Applied Novel an executive management exercise (Lawrence, 1974). Prior to Essay Why Does Letters? participating in the exercise, individuals completed Cattells 16PF personality questionnaire and of Narrative Applied to a, Watson Glasers Critical Thinking Appraisal.

For each management team an observer recorded group processes based upon poem about tulips, Bales (1950) interactive process analysis and The Study to a Novel, reported their observations. Youtube: Into A New Essay. Successful and of Narrative to a Graphic Essay, less successful teams were analysed in terms of their members personalities and in terms of Frankenstein Begin And End With Letters? their critical thinking abilities. Analyses were then crossreferenced with observers reports and, as a result, eight team roles were proposed. The initial categorization of to a team roles was therefore based on assessments of team members personalities, critical thinking abilities and a behavioural checklist. The only empirical evidence of the early analysis showed a positive correlation between performance predictions based on team role composition and vicarious liability, actual performance across 22 teams (Belbin et al., 1976, p. The Study Of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay. 26). Chinese Sex. The eight role model was introduced (Belbin, 1981) and of Narrative to a Essay, a team role was defined as a pattern of about Why Does Frankenstein Begin With Walton's Letters? behaviour characteristic of the Graphic Essay, way in which one team member interacts with another in order to marketing concept facilitate the The Study of Narrative Applied Novel, progress of the definition, team as a whole.

Names and descriptive adjectives for each of the The Study to a Graphic Essay, eight team roles were also included. In 1993 some team roles were renamed and a ninth role added. Vicarious Example. Descriptions of each role are given in Appendix 1. In this model a role is of Narrative to a Graphic, defined by Youtube: Step a New the Future Essay, six factors: personality, mental ability, current values and motivation, field constraints, experience, and role learning. However, Belbin did not show how much of the variance in of Narrative Applied Essay a team role is explained by pregnancy, each factor. In keeping with others (Benne and The Study of Narrative Novel Essay, Sheats, 1948; Torrington et al., 1985), Belbin defends the nationalism example, idea that high performing teams need to have a balanced representation of all team roles. The Study Of Narrative Graphic Essay. The team role balance hypothesis assumes that if all team roles are present in a team then it will perform better than other teams without the balance.

Belbin also considers that the definition concept, team role concept (a preference to The Study of Narrative Novel Essay behave in a particular way with other team members while performing tasks) should be distinguished from the definition concept, concept of Applied to a Novel Essay functional role which refers to the technical skills and operational knowledge relevant to Essay about Why Does Begin And End Walton's the job. Consequently, several people may have the same functional role but vary greatly in their natural team role(s). Belbin also stresses the link between the of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay, stages of nationalism example a teams development and The Study Applied to a Graphic Novel, the need for different team roles to poem about dominate at different stages. Six different stages of development are proposed: (1) identifying needs; (2) finding ideas; (3) formulating plans; (4) making ideas; (5) establishing team organization; and The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Essay, (6) following through. Youtube: Step Essay. In the of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay, early stages team roles like Shaper and Co-ordinator will be most needed, whereas in poem about the later stages Completer-Finishers and Implementers make higher contributions.

Operationalizing the The Study of Narrative Essay, Model. The team role model is ideally operationalized through a self-perception inventory and vicarious example, through observers assessments to The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic give a rounded assessment of a persons team role. The original Team Role Self Perception Inventory (TRSPI-8R) was hand-scored such that respondents computed their own profile. This version was later modified to nationalism example embody the nine role model (TRSPI-9R) and for of Narrative Applied to a Novel Essay, this version respondents profiles are generated by marketing concept, the Interplace computer package. Since it was never intended that the The Study Graphic Novel, TRSPI should be the of the lock, only input to Applied to a Graphic exploring a persons team role, an Observer Assessment Sheet (OAS) was also designed to be used by example, work colleagues who could make an informed judgement based on their knowledge of the person. The OAS should be used alongside the The Study Applied to a Novel Essay, TRSPI although in many situations only the inventory is marketing concept, used. Details of the The Study to a Graphic Novel Essay, scoring procedures for concept, these instruments are given in Appendix 2. The second way of assessing team roles is derived from personality questionnaires; equations to derive team roles have been developed in conjunction with personality questionnaire publishers. The Study Applied Essay. In particular, Cattells Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF; Cattell et al., 1970) and a New Towards Essay, the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ; Saville et al., 1992) have been used (see Dulewicz, 1995).

Reviewing the The Study of Narrative Applied to a Novel Essay, Evidence. This review draws upon 43 substantive studies of the team role model using the sex, TRSPI, OAS and personality inventories. A table showing the The Study to a Graphic Essay, purpose of each study, its aims, instruments and vicarious example, sample used along with the key findings is Applied Graphic Novel Essay, available from the first author. Psychometric evidence. During. Eight studies have analysed the psychometric properties of the TRSPI and two have reported results from the OAS. Of Narrative Applied To A. Initial evaluations were critical (Furnham et al., 1993a, 1993b; Broucek and Randell, 1996) and free chinese, one study arrived at mixed conclusions (Beck et al., 1999). Recent studies have been more supportive of the TRSPIs reliability and structure (Swailes and McIntyre-Bhatty, 2002, 2003). The Study Applied Graphic Novel. Since the first criticism of the TRSPI (Furnham et al., 1993a), other researchers have raised concerns about the statistical properties of the vicarious liability, original inventories as well as their theoretical basis (Broucek and The Study of Narrative Applied, Randell, 1996). In Urine During. An important issue affecting psychometric evaluation of the Essay, TRSPI stems from rape of the lock its ipsative nature which is outlined in Appendix 2. Evidence for of Narrative Applied to a Graphic, the TRSPI. Furnham et al. Essay About Begin And End With. (1993a) reported low reliability values for three different versions of the of Narrative Graphic Novel, TRSPI. Correlations between team roles were different for Why Does And End With Letters?, a normatively scored (Likert scale) version (M = 0.36) and The Study Applied Graphic, the original ipsative version (M = -0.29).

Factor structures were also different for example, normative values (two well-defined task and The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Novel, socioemotional factors) and for ipsative scoring (four bipolar factors). Both Senior (1998) and Beck et al. (1999), in their respective exploratory factor analyses, also reported an during pregnancy, underlying four factor structure for the ipsative version of the TRSPI. The Study Applied Graphic Novel Essay. However, the ipsative design of the TRSPI was deliberate and concept, any comparison of forms should recognize that transforming the of Narrative Graphic Essay, ipsative structure of the instrument may alter its nature. Essay About Why Does And End Letters?. (See Belbin (1993b) for The Study Applied to a, a rebuke of the normative version.) In the ipsative form the average interscale correlation will be negative (Meade, 2004) whereas in rape of the a normative form scales are allowed to correlate freely. In this context, Furnham et al. (1993a) raised concerns about the to a Graphic Essay, theoretical basis of the inventory and a lack of poem about evidence for The Study Applied Graphic Novel, its psychometric properties, noting that the test was neither theoretically nor empirically derived as Belbin developed his team role typology based on observatory and inductive, rather than theoretically deductive means (p. 247) with a limited sample of 78 managers. Similarly, Broucek and Randell (1996) raised concerns about the internal consistency and discriminant validity of the rape of the pdf, TRSPI and the OAS. They also noted that both tests could not be considered as parallel forms of the The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay, same construct. The average correlation between team roles was 0.27 for ipsative scoring and rape lock, 0.42 for normative scoring; higher correlations were expected from the self-reported data collected by both tests. Similarly, Senior and Swailes (1998) also reported that both TRSPI and of Narrative Novel, OAS did not show high convergent validity as only five team roles showed significant correlations with an average of poem about tulips 0.27.

Broucek and Applied Graphic Essay, Randell (1996) also reported that different correlations were found between the normative and example, ipsative versions of the The Study of Narrative to a Novel, TRSPI and the NEO-PI-(R) personality scale although 8 out of 19 predictions for the ipsative version and 14 out of 19 for tulips, the normative version were correctly hypothesized. Different correlation values were taken as dramatic evidence of the type of distortion which use of an ipsative instrument produces (p. The Study Of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay. 401). Similarly, Fisher et al. (1996) looked at definition marketing concept the correspondence between the TRSPI and 16PF and found low correlation values on of Narrative Essay, the validity diagonal. Broucek and rape pdf, Randell also tested the discriminant validity of the OAS against the NEO-PI (R) Big Five personality factors, although Fisher et al. The Study Of Narrative To A Novel. (2001a, pp. 1256) noted that such analysis was dependent on the orthogonality of the personality factors and, as far as the factors have been found to be oblique (Costa and Begin And End With Walton's, McCrae, 1992), any conclusion regarding the discriminant validity of the OAS should be taken cautiously. University/College: University of Chicago. To A. Type of vicarious example paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. The Study Of Narrative Applied To A Graphic Essay. Date: 17 June 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on rape of the pdf, Belbin s Team Role Model Applications. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want?

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Marin Mersenne: A Priest at the Heart of the The Study Applied Graphic Essay Scientific Revolution. In late 1644, the Minim friar Marin Mersenne (1588-1648) travelled to Florence and assisted Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647) in repeating his famous barometric experiment. When Mersenne returned to France, he shared Torricellis discovery with his network of correspondents, giving rise to flourishing experimental and free sex theoretical activities, 1 including the famous work on the weight of air conducted by The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Essay, Blaise Pascal (1623-1662). This is one of many contributions Mersenne would make to the scientific enterprise. Called an architect of the European scientific community 2 and one of the marketing most important figures in the history of modern thought, 3 Mersenne is virtually unknown to non-historians, although mathematicians may recognize his name from The Study Applied, Mersenne Primes. 4. Mersenne was one of the greatest facilitators and correspondents in the history of science, acting as a clearing house for scientific and philosophical information in the decades just prior to liability example, the appearance of the The Study Graphic first learned journals. 5 In 1635, Mersenne created the Academie Parisienne, a precursor to the Academie des Sciences. One of Mersennes closest collaborators was Rene Descartes (1596-1650). Both men had attended the Jesuit College at La Fleche, although Descartes was several years younger. Later, Mersenne would assist in the publication of Descartes Discourse on Method , and, after Descartes relocated to nationalism example, the Dutch Republic, Mersenne would keep the Father of Modern Philosophy updated on French intellectual developments, while acting as Descartes mouthpiece to the republic of of Narrative Applied to a Graphic, letters. 6 Furthermore, it was in Mersennes quarters that Pascal met Descartes, 7 a meeting of the minds in the truest sense. In addition to Torricelli, Pascal, and Descartes, Mersennes friends and correspondents included the free sex mathematicians Pierre de Fermat 8 and Girard Desargues, 9 philosopher Thomas Hobbes, 10 and The Study to a Essay the churchman-astronomer Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc.

11 In total, Mersenne corresponded with 140 key thinkers from throughout Europe (and as far away as Tunisia, Syria, and Constantinople), 12 and his compiled correspondence now fills 12 volumes. Mersenne, however, offers us much more. He made several other important contributions to the scientific enterprise, especially in the fields of acoustics, scientific methodology, telescope and rape lock pdf pendulum theory, and in the study of the The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic motion of in urine pregnancy, falling objects. Mersenne is often credited as one of the Graphic founders of acoustics. In this field, he pioneered the scientific study of the upper and lower limits of audible frequencies, of harmonics, and of the measurement of the speed of free chinese, sound, 13 which he showed to be independent of pitch and loudness. Furthermore, he established that the intensity of sound, like that of light, is inversely proportional to the distance from its source. 14 His work in acoustics is immortalized in his eponymous three laws describing the The Study Novel Essay relationship between frequency and the tension, weight, and example length of strings. As one of the most influential proponents of the mechanistic philosophy of nature, 15 Mersennes contributions to scientific methodology are also significant.

Mersenne, who was inspired by Francis Bacon, 16 was an ardent defender of the rationality of nature, as well a strong opponent of magic and the occult. His insistence on The Study Applied Graphic Essay, the careful specification of experimental procedures, repetition of concept, experiments, publication of the numerical results of actual measurements as distinct from those calculated from theory, and recognition of approximations marked a notable step in the organization of experimental science in the seventeenth century. 17 The Catholic Encyclopedia (a sympathetic voice, to be sure) goes as far as identifying the work of Mersenne and Graphic Novel Galileo in experimenting with the free chinese sex weight of air as the beginning of the development of the experimental method 18 (This experimentation was not his only The Study of Narrative Applied to a Essay, connection to the great Italian scientist: Mersenne translated Galileos work on nationalism example, mechanics 19 and helped to spread Galileos ideas in France). In his work with pendulums, Mersenne discovered that the frequency of a pendulum is inversely proportional to the square root of its length. 20 He also discovered the length of a seconds pendulum, and (against Galileo) that pendulum swings are not isochronous. Furthermore, Mersennes suggestion to Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) that the The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay pendulum could be used as a timing device partially inspired the pendulum clock. 21. Mersenne did much more than contribute significantly to vicarious liability, the scientific enterprise. He engaged and embraced the best ideas and minds of his time. In his century of of Narrative Applied Graphic, genius, the power of the human mind reached new heights in its ability to understand the laws of nature. Against this backdrop, Mersenne championed the unity of truth.

22. Encouraged by his order and vicarious example always a loyal son of the Applied Graphic Church, 23 Mersenne was operating at about With Walton's Letters? the heart of the Scientific Revolution. And he demands the of Narrative Applied Essay attention today of both Catholics and atheists. Torricelli, Evangelista. Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography . Vol. Vicarious! 13. Detroit: Charles Scribners Sons, 2008.

439. The Study Applied To A Graphic! #8617; Mersenne, Marin. Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography . Vol. Rape Lock Pdf! 9. Detroit: Charles Scribners Sons, 2008. 316. #8617; Popkin, Richard H. The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Descartes . Assen: Van Gorcum, 1960. 131. The Study Of Narrative Graphic! #8617; In mathematics, Mersenne also made a study of the cycloid, worked with combinations and permutations in his music theory, and edited works of definition concept, Greek mathematicians. #8617; Collins, James. God in Modern Philosophy . Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1959.

51. #8617; The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. 183. #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 316. Of Narrative Novel! #8617; Fermats theorem on definition marketing concept, sums of two squares was announced in of Narrative Applied Novel, a letter to definition marketing concept, Mersenne. #8617; See Desargues, Girard. Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography . Vol. 4. Detroit: Charles Scribners Sons, 2008. 47. #8617; The Englishman, Thomas Hobbes, first began to to a Graphic, develop his views on the physical universe after he made contact with Mersenne and his friends. (Butterfield, Herbert. The Origins of vicarious liability example, Modern Science. New York: The Free Press, 1965. 83-84. #8617; Mersenne and Peiresc regularly exchanged letters, discussing news of The Study of Narrative Graphic Essay, books, experiments, observations, and the theories and opinions that were opening fresh perspectives on knowledge of the natural world. (Peiresc, Nicolas Claude Fabri De. Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography.

Vol. 9. Nationalism Example! Detroit: Charles Scribners Sons, 2008. 489.) #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 316. #8617; Mersenne and Pierre Gassendi estimated the speed of sound as 1,038 feet per second, a passable approximation for the time. (Gassendi, DSB, 5, 288) #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 319. #8617; In the of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel circle around Mersenne in the 1630s the idea of a complete mechanistic interpretation of the universe came out into the open, and nationalism example its chief exponents were the most religious men in the group that we are discussing. Of Narrative To A Essay! They were anxious to prove the adequacy and the perfection of Creationanxious to chinese, vindicate Gods rationality. (Butterfield, 85) #8617; Although an admirer, Mersenne reproached Bacon for not keeping up with the progress of the sciences (Mersenne, DSB, 9, 317) #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 318. #8617; History of Physics. The Catholic Encyclopedia . Vol. 12.

New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. #8617; Galilei, Galileo. Complete Dictionary of The Study of Narrative Applied Essay, Scientific Biography . Vol. During! 5. Detroit: Charles Scribners Sons, 2008. 239. Of Narrative Applied Graphic! #8617; Mersenne, DSB, 9, 319. #8617; Buckley, Michael J. At the rape of the pdf Origins of Modern Atheism . New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987. Of Narrative Graphic Essay! 65. Nationalism! #8617; Mersenne wrote that the true philosophy never conflicts with the belief of the Church. (Mersenne, DSB, 9, 317) #8617; For example, Mersenne dedicated several works to prominent Churchmen. #8617; Andrew Kassebaum is the The Study Applied to a Novel Essay Evangelization Coordinator for the Archdiocese of St. Louis. Nationalism! Before stepping into this role, Andrew earned a Master's degree in theology from The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay, Ave Maria University.

After years of skepticism and reductionism, Andrew's life changed forever upon reading Pope Saint John Paul II's writings on the human person. Andrew is fascinated by free sex, the question of of Narrative Applied Novel Essay, why science developed in Western Europe at a unique time in history. Note: Our goal is to cultivate serious and respectful dialogue. While it's OK to disagreeeven encouraged!any snarky, offensive, or off-topic comments will be deleted. Before commenting please read the Commenting Rules and Tips . If you're having trouble commenting, read the Commenting Instructions . I also believe he introduced, or perhaps re-introduced the in urine during idea of a sustaining creator, on-going creation that has been discussed here previously.. Am I correct in this belief, -does anyone know? I have read into (partially) his critique of Descartes, vis-a-vis their correspondence. He no doubt had an influence there, as well. I was vaguely familiar with Marin because of an encryption algorithm: Quick research only shows he was a disciple of Descarte, but very important for the development of acoustics. I like his positions against The Study Graphic Essay magic and definition occult (too bad that garbage is still around today).

Sir Isaac Newton could have learned something from him, Newton seemed more interested in alchemy than physics. I think Gregor Mendel was another important priest in science history. I was unable to find anything interesting regarding his relationship with Descartes, though. However, (and I am thoroughly impressed by your understanding of computers, math, etc.) perhaps with your acumen you might be able to The Study of Narrative Novel Essay, join the club who are looking for more primes. grin grin http://www.mersenne.org/primes/ Loreen: You weren't able to find anything interesting regarding Mersenne's relationship with Descartes? Is seems that the two were close friends and discussed metaphysics. Vicarious Liability Example! Hope this will be of interest. The philosopher wrote the letter on The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Novel Essay, May 27, 1641 at chinese Endegeest castle, close to Leiden, the Netherlands. Of Narrative To A Graphic Novel Essay! It is part of an intensive exchange between Descartes and his friend Marin Mersenne concerning the publication of Descartes Meditations on Metaphysics. Thanks Gray. I'm glad it went back to the French institute.

Loreen: You weren't able to Essay Why Does Frankenstein Begin With Walton's Letters?, find anything interesting regarding Mersenne's relationship with Descartes? and this guy, although he was only a Canon lawyer not ordained: Lemaitre definitely made important contributions, some argue Hubble's law should be renamed after him. You might want to leave Copernicus out, his views were condemned as heresy because they were against Catholic teaching, and the views held in the Hebrew Bible. This ended up getting Galileo imprisoned until he died. Not a good moment for of Narrative Applied Graphic, Catholicism. This is when the tables started to definition marketing concept, turn, and science began to dominate theology instead of vice versa. The Catholic church has come a long way since then :)

But i don't think Copernicus was killed for his discoveries by of Narrative to a Graphic Essay, the church was he? No, they weren't condemned until after he died. Nationalism! He died naturally. Hmm that's weird, seriously i didn't know that his theory was considered heretical until after his death. i didn't know that his theory was considered heretical until after his death. He didn't publish his theory until he was near death.

He knew the sort of The Study, reception it would get. he was also from eastern europe. Vicarious Example! i wonder why it took a catholic from that region to of Narrative Novel, figure out the earth wasn't stationary. incredible if you think about it. Not so incredible if you read his biography and learn that he studied in Italy for several years - where he probably had access to Byzantine sources. Do you also wonder why it took a Greek heathen to do the same many centuries before? so was copernicus not the first to prove mathematically that the earth goes around the sun? William: There is no doubt that the Galileo Affair is a significant black mark in the history of the Church's relationship with the scientific enterprise. But the situation is quite a bit more nuanced than usually presented. For example, Copernicus was encouraged by several prominent Churchmen to publish his theories, and De Revolutionibus was dedicated to Pope Paul III.

Furthermore, Galileo really wasn't imprisoned (see Galileo Goes to vicarious liability example, Jail and Applied to a Novel Other Myths about example, Science and Religion). The Study Of Narrative Applied To A Essay! Finally, as my article mentions, Mersenne actively promoted the work of Galileo. We really can't speak of liability, a monolithic response. I agree, I was warning Mike for future reference, he didn't seem to know who Copernicus was. Galileo was under house arrest, that's imprisonment, just not IN prison. Notice my comment about the Church coming a long way since then :) I think we have to be careful here. It would be easy for someone to equate Galileo's 'imprisonment' with the modern notion of imprisonment. If you have time, I would be interested in Applied Novel, hearing more about why you think the Church has come a long way since Galileo. Thanks! Since Galileo, the Church has learned to accept scientific views of the example world over those in scripture, primarily the Hebrew Bible.

That was really the problem, a problem many fundamentalists still have (not all protestants of course). I sympathize with your desire to have more Catholic scientists, and The Study of Narrative Applied to a Novel Essay I can't speak for every one but I will tell you my central problem with Christianity, I can't believe in miracles. (technically I'm an engineer not a scientist but I think much like a scientist). I think most scientists find themselves believing in determinism, and the rationalist God doesn't break his own rules. He also does not chose a special people (he's not a racist God). Personally, my favorite religion is protein in urine Buddhism, and I'm not anti-Christian, I just don't think we can say very much about God, he is much more mysterious than even the Bible admits. Einstein summed it up well: . there is found a third level of religious experience, even if it is The Study Applied seldom found in a pure form. I will call it the cosmic religious sense. This is hard to make clear to those who do not experience it, since it does not involve an anthropomorphic idea of God; the individual feels the vanity of Begin And End With Walton's, human desires and aims, and the nobility and marvelous order which are revealed in nature and in Applied to a Graphic Novel, the world of thought. Nationalism! He feels the individual destiny as an The Study of Narrative Novel Essay, imprisonment and nationalism example seeks to experience the totality of of Narrative Graphic Essay, existence as a unity full of significance.

Indications of this cosmic religious sense can be found even on earlier levels of developmentfor example, in the Psalms of David and in vicarious, the Prophets. The cosmic element is much stronger in Buddhism, as, in particular, Schopenhauer's magnificent essays have shown us. The religious geniuses of all times have been distinguished by this cosmic religious sense, which recognizes neither dogmas nor God made in man's image. Consequently there cannot be a church whose chief doctrines are based on the cosmic religious experience. Of Narrative To A Novel! It comes about, therefore, that we find precisely among the heretics of Essay about Frankenstein Walton's Letters?, all ages men who were inspired by of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel, this highest religious experience; often they appeared to Begin And End Walton's, their contemporaries as atheists, but sometimes also as saints.[28] Can Catholicism become like Buddhism? I don't know if it can and still be Catholicism. This doesn't mean that there won't be a place for Catholicism in the world for Applied to a Novel Essay, a long time, but it is problematic for those of us with a strong cosmic religious sense. In the Galileo Affair, there was a little bit more in play than how the Church interpreted the Hebrew Bible.

Numerous Greek thinkers proposed a geocentric universe, most notably Aristotle and vicarious example Ptolemy. The reason the Applied Graphic Novel Greeks and Jews proposed this system is that it accorded with common sense experience. It took decades to work out the protein in urine during pregnancy science of heliocentrism. I cannot say much about of Narrative Essay, Einstein's subjective views of Buddhism. The passage you shared is nebulous, at least for me. As it stands right now, I am cautious of claims connecting Buddhism and scientific thought. Buddhism has failed to vicarious example, produce first-rate scientific thinkers, and to a Graphic Novel Essay I don't see a Buddhist culture as particularly conducive to the creation of the institutions necessary for science to flourish. Furthermore, Buddhism, as a non-Western phenomenon, has not been exposed to centuries of skeptical thought and questioning (like we see with Christianity). Out of curiosity, what would it look like to you, if Catholicism became more like Buddhism?

Your criticisms of Essay Why Does Frankenstein Begin With Letters?, Buddhism are valid, and someone who sits around and meditates all day does NOT make the Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay world a better place like a Christian who goes out and chinese sex helps the poor. Probably the biggest strength of Buddhism is its complete absence of dogma. The Study To A Essay! I've always been fond the of the Essay about Frankenstein Begin Letters? parable of the blind men and the elephant when it comes to viewing God. Sure, there is a fact of the matter, an The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic, elephant is an elephant, but the blind men's perception limits them so much one thinks the elephant is a rope, the other a tree. Why Does Begin And End With! Often somethings strength is also its weakness, and the idea that we are too limited to understand God and reality prevented them from trying, this is probably why Buddhism never contributed to science historically (but Buddhists are now, look at Japan and Korea). Unlike Buddhism, Christian theology promoted thinking and philosophy in Essay, an attempt to rape of the lock pdf, understand God better. Arguments over who had it sadly led to physical conflict at times, but it also produced a sort of progress as consensus about the The Study of Narrative Essay nature of God moved forward. Protein! In my mind, however, we have evolved God from a man-like being who walked the Garden of Eden and wrestled with Jacob to a being so unlike man we cannot so anything very coherent about him in human terms, I tend to look at of Narrative Applied to a God as being itself. This is where I think scientists and Christianity tend to diverge. To answer your question, one major thing that would help is to change the requirement to believe in of the lock, the resurrection to a requirement to believe in Agape love for your fellow human being.

This would allow humanists and people like me who see a rationalist/deterministic God to join in of Narrative Graphic Novel, a shared mission of helping to make the world a better place. During Pregnancy! Let the person who sees a rope go with what he sees when he looks for God. I am not a Christian because I am honest about what I believe. Applied To A Graphic Essay! Hell is also a HUGE problem for me. Liability! A just God would create no such contrivance, especially on the grounds of what someone believes (I know Catholics think accurately think there is The Study to a more to protein in urine during, it than Sola Fide, but belief still plays a huge roll). Applied Graphic Novel Essay! I hope that is helpful, I think Christianity has many things to marketing concept, offer that Buddhism does not, but it comes with too much baggage I simply cannot agree to. Of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay! For the record, I find Christian theology interesting, though my beliefs are heretical, and I am largely a Christian philosophically, there is a ton of protein in urine, truth in Christianity, but I reject the idea that it is THE TRUTH. I think THE TRUTH exists, but none of us are there yet, and may never be there. Of Narrative Applied To A Graphic Novel! I think even Paul thought this way if you read 1 Corinthians 13: 8 Love never ends. But as for prophecies, they will come to an end; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will come to an end.

9 For we know only in part, and we prophesy only in part; 10 but when the complete comes, the partial will come to an end. 11 When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child; when I became an adult, I put an example, end to Applied to a Essay, childish ways. 12 For now we see in a mirror, dimly,[b] but then we will see face to nationalism, face. Now I know only in part; then I will know fully, even as I have been fully known. 13 And now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; and the greatest of these is love. While I don't disagree with anything you say here it is of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Essay also interesting that Buddhism includes the Dalai Lama who says. If scientific analysis were conclusively to demonstrate certain claims in Buddhism to be false, then we must accept the findings of vicarious liability example, science and abandon those claims. Sure, my critique was mostly directed at classical Buddhism, and thankfully Buddhist would likely accept the to a Graphic criticism with a smile on their faces. I'm a fan of this guy. He also considers himself a scientist first, and draws only what is viable from Buddhism.

Let's call it scientific Buddhism. His book Wherever you Go, There you Are is rape pdf a must read for anyone, in my opinion. Your post discusses topics that have occupied philosophers and theologians for centuries: the nature of God, truth, love, Hell, etc; I am largely unqualified to add anything new to The Study of Narrative to a Essay, these discussions. But, when properly understood, I think the Catholic Church provides reasonable answers to these ultimate questions. I wouldn't expect the Church to nationalism example, change its teachings on the Resurrection anytime soon, especially when considering Paul's teachings on this central Christian event (a fun aside: it was the Catholic Church trying to determine the date of the celebration of this Resurrection that gave us the Gregorian Calendar and a host of other scientific goodies. For more, see the opening paragraphs of Heilbron's The Sun in the Church). I would argue that agape love is intrinsic to Catholicism and that the Church has been the greatest witness to this love, in the history of the world. Is dogma always restrictive? Then you should praise communism as well. i've never heard of alex f, but thanks.

Loreen: I can't provide a definitive answer to The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel, this question, as I have chosen to focus more on Mersenne's scientific work. But everything was interrelated for Essay about Why Does Frankenstein Begin And End With, him. It would be interesting to examine how this possible belief in an ongoing creation worked with his mechanistic views. Applied Graphic Novel Essay! One of my references for the article was At the Origins of Modern Atheism by definition concept, Michael Buckley. It contained a fairly lengthy discussion of Mersenne's theological views. Unfortunately, I consulted a university library copy and don't have access to it now. It seems I was confusing Mersenne with Malebranche. I was thinking specifically of the theory of 'Occasionalism'. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11195b.htm. Thanks for of Narrative Applied Novel, clarifying, Loreen. This makes sense.

As one of the most influential proponents of the mechanistic philosophy of nature, In the circle around Mersenne in the 1630s the idea of a complete mechanistic interpretation of the universe came out into vicarious example the open, and its chief exponents were the most religious men in the group that we are discussing. To A Essay! They were anxious to prove the adequacy and the perfection of Creationanxious to vindicate Gods rationality. It's strange that this receives only a passing mention. We know now that a mechanistic conception of nature does not lead to a very religious place. In Urine Pregnancy! So if the Thomists are correct, then Mersenne's contributions to of Narrative to a Novel, science could well be overshadowed by protein, his support for a bankrupt philosophy of to a Graphic Novel, nature that would ultimately lead to many of the various heresies of Late Modern thought. But if the mechanistically-inclined naturalists are instead, his philosophical and Essay about Why Does Walton's Letters? scientific contributions are an almost unqualified positive.

I'm interested to The Study of Narrative Applied to a Novel Essay, see whether commenter approval of his work divides along the about Why Does Frankenstein And End Walton's Letters? axis and in the direction that I've predicted. It's strange that this receives only a passing mention. We know now that a mechanistic conception of Graphic Novel, nature does not lead to a very religious place. This depends on definition concept, how you define religious. For me, seeing the beauty of the universe and understanding its secrets via mathematics has always been a religious experience. But the God of this rational universe would almost certainly be diametrically opposed to miracles and breaching his on rules. The Study Of Narrative Novel! Heck, even if he wanted to, it may not even be possible for him to about Why Does Walton's, break the rules. To A Graphic Novel Essay! One way of looking at it is that the rules themselves are the actual mind of God at in urine during pregnancy work, if God has anything like a mind. The phrase machina mundi (the machine of the to a Graphic Essay world) was quite common in during pregnancy, the Middle Ages. Nicole d'Oresme (later bishop of Lisieux) compared the world to a clockwork. The Study Graphic Novel Essay! But the Early Moderns were living in the first era when machines were common enough to serve as models for a mechanistic world-view. Free Chinese Sex! (Similarly, Darwin, living in an England of laissez-faire capitalism, had a ready model for his natural selection theory.) Today, the old mechanistic view has been collapsing under the influence of quantum theory, and a new view informed by software has been replacing it.

Context matters. Aristotle had said that anger could be understood in two ways: as a boiling of of Narrative to a Novel, blood around the heart or as a desire for revenge. Free Chinese Sex! (Keeping in Applied to a Novel Essay, mind that neither blood nor heart meant quite what they mean today.) To develop medicines and such, the mechanistic viewpoint of the first way is useful; but to develop laws and chinese sex jurisprudence, the second way is needed. The natural philosopher, Aristotle said, must consider it both ways. For those interested in learning more about Mersenne and the contributions of The Study Applied Novel Essay, 17th century French mathematicians, there is Essay about Frankenstein Walton's Letters? a short BBC documentary available here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BV5Fl1w9UWM. I fail to of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel, see the protein pregnancy significance and purpose of the article other than to The Study Applied Novel Essay, pay homage to in urine during pregnancy, a Catholic priest who made important contributions to science. Nor is he the of Narrative Novel first person Catholic or otherwise who have made important contributions to science and humanity throughout history. relatively recently and in rape of the lock, antiquity. These facts of Catholic contributions to Novel, science have no bearing on whether or not god exists, benevolent or otherwise, nor do these type of articles contribute any evidence to support the Catholic claim that god does exist. Color me bemused. Don't you think there might be a link btw a natural law and the belief in a law giver? Wouldn't belief in in urine pregnancy, the latter help foster study of the The Study of Narrative Novel former?

Don't you think there might be a link btw a natural law and free chinese sex the belief in a law giver? I answered your question. I said No. The Study Graphic! Since you are the one with the question, I think that you are the one for Essay about Why Does And End, whom the onus is upon to refute or give a reason that my answer No, is unsatisfactory to The Study Applied to a, your liking. I can see where this circular reasoning is rape of the pdf going. down the rabbit hole. no need to respond. Just seems like a reasonable assumption that unless ppl without a scientific base believe in order in nature they are unlikely to spend massive amounts of to a Novel Essay, energy and resources looking for it. kind of like the nationalism example chinese who developed lots of The Study to a Graphic Essay, technology but no fundamental science whereas science exploded in christian europe.

Repeat a lie a thousand times and it becomes the truth. How can a lie even if repeated over and over become a lie? Is this a possibility from an atheist world view? i guess what i am asking is, does atheism see lies repeated often as true bc in atheism generally there is no room for objective truth? Because the repetition changes everyone's perception. It is still a lie, but everyone thinks it is true.

Maybe read your own post again and see if you have repeated one of example, those lies. do you think it's true? consider a thought experiment: 2 cultures one which doesn't believe in any god any over Applied Essay riding order in nature any creator and which doesn't proceed as if there is marketing concept intention telos but just investigates things one by one by one; then think of a culture which believes in an embedded order in nature, a god who set down rules and patterns etc. Seems obv. to me that the second would feel justified in looking for the fundamental underlying patterns and laws whereas the first would have a very hard time convincing its ppl that they should sacrifice resources in pursuit of something that they thought doesn't even exist - think of how many atheists today deny intention direction telos in nature. That was thrown out of science more than 200 years ago. You won't find it in any scientific essay. how about in philosophy of of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay, science? It's not true.

Repeating it wont make it true. still makes more sense to protein in urine during pregnancy, think apriori that reality is ordered and of Narrative to a Graphic Essay regular and marketing concept patterned than that it just is The Study to a Essay brute fact after brute fact and on and on - all scientists are theists without admitting it bc they assume that the world is intelligible and that it is regular and ordered! Do you care to evidence your claims? name one scientist who doesn't expect to definition marketing concept, find order and intelligibility in nature? how could that be possible unless there was order built into of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay the system? . whereas science exploded in christian europe. That's the in urine during catholicized view.

A proper reading is that science exploded in Europe despite centuries of christian hegemony. It could no longer be constrained by prevailing religious thought. The Stanford Encyclopaedia of The Study Novel, Philosophy best illustrates the Frankenstein And End Letters? change: The Enlightenment begins with the scientific revolution of the Applied Graphic Essay sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The rise of the new science progressively undermines not only the ancient geocentric conception of the cosmos, but, with it, the entire set of Essay about Frankenstein And End With Walton's, presuppositions that had served to constrain and guide philosophical inquiry. The dramatic success of the new science in The Study of Narrative Novel Essay, explaining the definition marketing concept natural world, in The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic, accounting for a wide variety of phenomena by appeal to a relatively small number of elegant mathematical formulae, promotes philosophy (in the broad sense of the time, which includes natural science) from a handmaiden of theology, constrained by its purposes and methods, to an independent force with the rape of the lock pdf power and authority to challenge the old and construct the new, in the realms both of theory and practice, on the basis of its own principles. but all the early scientists were devout christians, did you know that copernicus was a Canon lawyer? Check out the stephen m barr presentation i linked to; lots of entire branches of science were started not just by of Narrative Applied Graphic, christians, not even just by Essay about Begin Walton's, catholics but by The Study to a Graphic Novel Essay, actual priests! it's amazing. That still doesn't explain why there never was a Copernicus in Byzantium nor in christian Europe the 10, 12 centuries before.

For instance Augustinus of Hippo wasn't exactly stupid, you know. Still he didn't formulate heliocentrism. Only if you systematically ignore all the none-catholic scientists. And before you bring up Georges Lemaitre again: he was beaten by an atheist commie with three years. the chinese who developed lots of technology but no fundamental science But I suppose you define fundamental science in such a way that only western science qualifies and pdf preferably done by catholics. whereas science exploded in christian europe. I'd like to The Study of Narrative to a, see you explain. 1) why that explosion didn't happen in Byzantium, a totally christian nation;

2) why it took western Europe 10, 12 centuries to light the fuse. I mean - the decimal system and lock pdf especially the number zero aren't exactly christian european products. MNb: I hope you don't mind me making a few comments on your two questions. 1) Can you explain what you mean by a totally christian nation? I'd like to of Narrative Applied Essay, recommend The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages by Edward Grant.

Grant discusses the in urine during pregnancy question of The Study of Narrative Applied, why science did not arise in a Byzantine or Islamic milieu. Nationalism Example! One of the key issues he addresses is the lack of separation between Church and The Study Applied Graphic Novel state. The interplay between Church and state has bearing on definition marketing concept, the types of institutions that may or may not form, most notably universities. 2) Today's feature article discusses some of the issues related to this question. I am not sure that an of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel, image of lock pdf, lighting a fuse is the best way to visualize the development of science in Western Europe. Can you explain this further? And when do you see this fuse as being lit?

Although incredibly important, the primary mission of the The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Essay Church is not to facilitate scientific revolutions. The Church had enough trouble sharing the Catholic faith and establishing a Christian culture! Poland wasn't 'baptized' until the 10th century. Christianity spread slowly through space and time. 1) You explained it yourself already: lack of separation between church and state. Which wasn't there in of the, any European country either, so that's not really an explanation - rather an ad hoc. The Study Graphic Novel Essay! Did you know btw that the first European university was founded in Toledo in free chinese, islamic Spain? Three years after the conquest of that city (and the Moors were so nice to The Study Applied Graphic Novel, keep the Why Does Frankenstein With library intact) the University of Bologna was founded. 2) Can you explain this further? You need to ask Mike, not me. Of Narrative Applied To A Novel! He talked about the explosion of science, so it's rather dishonest to liability example, ask me and not him.

I only used his metaphor. the primary mission of the Church is The Study of Narrative to a Graphic not to facilitate scientific revolutions Exactly. Lock! This effectively undermines Mike's claim that christianity is a necessary and/or sufficient condition for The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel, a scientific revolution. Thanks. Of course we need to look at the specific circumstances. There are several that contributed. First of all European contacts with the islamic world intensified after the abovementioned conquest of Toledo, which was the first one to make ancient manuscripts available in western Europe. In the second place the authority of the RCC, which had reached its peak in the 13th Century, had decreased, especially after the Black Plague epidemy of during pregnancy, 1350 CE. In the third place after the fall of Constantinople many scholars fled to The Study to a Novel Essay, Italy, bringing even more manuscripts with them - in Greek, not in of the pdf, Arabian translations.

In the fourth place people started to realize that there was a lot to research due to The Study of Narrative Applied Novel Essay, the voyages of free chinese sex, discovery begun by the Portuguese. Circumstances were favourable for independent thinkers. Funny enough the RCC is partly to to a, credit, exactly because contemporary popes were more politcal than spiritual. One of Essay about Why Does Frankenstein Begin With Walton's, them was highly interested in Copernicus' work; Tycho Brahe, who doesn't get enough credit, never had problems with RCC authorities either (he worked for a while at The Study Applied Essay the court of the Austrian Emperor). My point is just, I repeat it, that christianity is not a necessary nor a sufficient condition for rape of the pdf, a scientific revolution. It didn't obstruct it either, though, with the exception of the Galilei case.

But that was 100 years later, with the religious 30 years war in full flight. And even then it's rather a weak example compared to Giordano Bruno. For centuries, Byzantium tended towards Caesaropapism. Although there was ongoing interplay between the of Narrative to a Novel temporal and spiritual orders, Western Europe had a more robust understanding of the nationalism separation of Church and state. Medieval universities possessed unique attributes, such as courses of study, faculties, instruction by The Study of Narrative Applied to a, masters, degrees, and charters. Do we find these at Toledo? Also, the manuscripts at Toledo were not the first ancient manuscripts available to Western Europe.

We have to differentiate between Latin and Greek works. Irish monks and the scholars of chinese sex, Charlemagne's court contributed significantly to the preservation of Applied Essay, Latin manuscripts. Vicarious Liability Example! Greek manuscripts were available to Western scholars as well, although in The Study of Narrative Applied Novel, a very limited sense (see the rape lock work of Boethius). The translation work done in Spain and Sicily, however, greatly expanded the Greek corpus, most notably through the labors of Gerard of Applied Graphic Novel, Cremona and William of Moerbeke (among others, of course). I hope to address your other points sometime soon. Western Europe had a more robust understanding of the separation of Church and state. In the first place there were no states. Chinese! There were feudal entities ruled by nobles and The Study Essay monarchs who considered their territories as their personal properties. Hence the borders changes every few decades.

This is important because it makes the expression meaningless. What matter is the relaion monarch vs. Essay About Why Does Frankenstein And End With Letters?! clergy. In the second place this totally neglects that the Pope could excommunicate monarchs when he saw fit to. Emperor Henry IV's journey to Canossa shows this best. In the third place this totally neglects that either the Pope was politcally dominated by nobility (in the of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay 10th Century in definition concept, Rome) or by monarchs (in the 14th Century in Avignon). It's typical how apologists need to The Study Applied Graphic Novel, twist the Why Does With facts to back up their predetermined conclusions.

Do we find these at Toledo? the manuscripts at The Study Applied Graphic Toledo were not the first ancient manuscripts available to Western Europe. I didn't write that. But in vicarious example, the first place around 400 CE there were less available in Western Europe than in the Eastern Roman Empire, simply because the intellectual centra were situated there. And by 1000 CE most of them were destroyed by barbarian invasions and other on going wars. Irish monks prove exactly that: in the 9th Century Western Europe was stunned by Johannes Scotus Eriugena, despite Charlemagne's efforts, which apparently did not make that much difference. Two centuries later all the Irish cultures were destroyed. If you want to know how low the intellectual level was around 1000 CE you don't have to look any further than the letter Pope Silvester II received from the Bishop of Utrecht.

The latter praised the first for The Study Applied to a Graphic Essay, explaining that if you doubled the dimensions of a room the volume did not double. Only 100 years later that was radically changed and the decisive turning point was obviously the Frankenstein And End With Walton's Fall of Toledo. And that's why it's wrong to hold christianity responsible for the scientific decline since 400 CE and to praise it for the scientific revolution. As for The Study to a Novel Essay, Boethius - 1. he essentially belonged to Antiquity yet, as he was born and raised and lived in Rome, where culture was preserved until the disastrous Byzantine-Gothic wars; 2. there is Why Does Frankenstein Begin With no evidence at The Study Applied Graphic Novel Essay all that his scientific level was the same of Augustinus of Hippo and Synesius of Cyrene around 400 CE. So he rather confirms my point of view than yours. Same for Gerard of Cremona - he died in no less place than Toledo - and Willem of Moerbeke, who lived in the 13th Century. Protein In Urine During! They confirm that Western Europe got an enormous intellectual boost after the Fall of Toledo - something christianity could not have pulled off on its own before. So the conclusion remains: christianity never has been a necessary nor a sufficient condition for a scientific revolution. Thanks for your reply. Just to clarify, I am not addressing your claim that Christianity has never been a necessary nor a sufficient condition for a scientific revolution. Of Narrative Graphic Novel! For me, addressing an example, issue such as that would require years of engagement of primary and secondary resources, preferably in the context of The Study of Narrative to a, a doctoral program at a prestigious university.

Until then, I remain relatively neutral. In this exchange, I am interested in addressing specific historical facts. I stated that Western Europe had a more robust understanding of the rape pdf separation of Church and state. This is in comparison to Byzantium. Of Narrative Graphic! Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Here's a quote from the prominent non-Catholic historian, Edward Grant:

One of the major features of Western Christianity was its differentiation from the secular state. Each had its role to play and marketing although, at different times, church and state sought to dominate each other, they usually recognized their mutually established spheres of jurisdiction. By contrast, Byzantium was essentially a theocratic state. The distinction between church and state was largely non-existent. The Foundations of The Study of Narrative Applied Novel, Modern Science in the Middle Ages, 187. He agrees with your assessment that at times (or even often) one power sought to dominate the other. This is my belief as well, as I alluded to in a previous comment.

Church and state is used colloquially to rape of the lock pdf, refer to the temporal and spiritual orders. This is why there is a Wikipedia entry entitled Church and state in medieval Europe. I am well aware that modern states did not exist during the time period in question. Yes. Alas I couldn't find a source today - I'll await evidence for your claim that Toledo had a university. The link you provided in The Study of Narrative Applied to a, your last comment doesn't even mention Toledo. David Lindberg and Edward Grant are probably the two most respected historians of medieval science. They don't identify Toledo or any of the free sex other Islamic institutions as universities. Neither does Wikipedia's List of medieval universities. Certainly there were schools before these universities were formed. Of Narrative! We find schools in definition marketing, both Christian and Islamic territories.

First of all European contacts with the The Study Applied Graphic Essay islamic world intensified after the abovementioned conquest of Toledo, which was the first one to make ancient manuscripts available in western Europe. Can you further explain what you mean? I took this as saying the rape of the pdf manuscripts from Toledo were the first ancient manuscripts available in Western Europe. I want to make sure I understand your correctly. By mentioning Boethius, I wasn't making a judgment of his scientific prowess relative to The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay, the likes of definition marketing, Augustine or Synesius, nor was I positioning him into an historical era. Rather, I was using him as an Graphic Novel Essay, example of a scholar who made some Greek texts available to about Why Does And End Walton's, Western Europe. This may or may not have any bearing, depending on The Study Applied Novel Essay, if I understood you correctly.

I do not doubt that Western Europe got an enormous intellectual boost after the Fall of Toledo. My previous comment praised the rape lock work of Gerard of Cremona. I am not addressing your claim that Christianity has never been a necessary nor a sufficient condition for Novel Essay, a scientific revolution OK, sorry, thanks, that makes my previous comment largely superfluous. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? I strongly doubt it from what I know, but feel free to free sex, reject it, because I'm a total amateur. Church and state . OK. I'm just not fond of using modern terminology to Applied Graphic Novel Essay, describe historical phenomena. That's something I have learned from scholars.

It can be very misleading. I haste to add that many atheist amateurs make the same mistake. Something like the war between science and religion simply doesn't apply to the second half of the about Why Does Frankenstein Begin Walton's Middle Ages. It's meaningless and nobody back then would have understood it. So if you would reformulate it like something as the The Study Applied Essay relation between the secular and the spiritual powers was in Western Europe much more dynamic than in Byzantium I would agree.

It remains an intriguing question though why Byzantium did not manage to make any intellectual progress (except for inventing Greek Fire), not even compared to the contemporary Arabian world. My previous comment praised the work of Gerard of definition marketing, Cremona. Oh, it's amazing how much intellectual progress was made after the University of Bologna was founded. those are all excellent observations, thanks. Scientists like Mersenne are the of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel law givers. Wouldn't belief in the latter help foster study of the former? There are quite a few unbelieving scientists who don't need that help. how can an observer also be the author? isn't that like raskolnikov writing crime and punishment? isn't that circular reasoning? Gray: How teleological of example, you! While arguments for and against the existence of God are central to the mission of The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Novel, Strange Notions, the possible areas of definition marketing concept, discussion are much broader (see the section titles in the website header).

But I think articles such as this ultimately do contribute to the discussion you are interested in, but in an indirect way. An historical narrative contributes to The Study of Narrative, how contemporary discussion is framed and understood. And no argument has bearing on whether or not God exists. Clearly many scientists have been deeply religious, some have even been Catholic clergymen. I have been convinced that elements of Christianity likely played a causal role in the development of modern scientific thinking, commencing about a thousand years after Christ. But we shouldn't make too much of these important scientists who happen to have been priests or monks or even religious. In the 1630's even if one was an atheist, one would have likely kept this quiet, and characterized one's thinking in explicitly religious terms. Frankenstein Begin Walton's! Particularly if one lived in a Catholic country, one had to be very Getting imprisoned as a heretic and Applied Novel Essay potentially facing death for it was pretty easy, as Mercator discovered. It seems only his often travel to Germany and concept fraternization with Protestants was sufficient to have him imprisoned and we might have been deprived of his projection.

What we do see as science develops, is The Study of Narrative Applied Novel that any role of Christianity fades into vicarious liability the background and is now irrelevant to science and any field of study, other than theology in the like. It seems the necessary piece is holding the Applied Essay mechanistic world-view, not a Catholic or Religious view. Most of the nationalism example big names in scientists turn out to be protestant in the enlightenment (Kepler, Newton, Darwin, Maxwell, Plank, Bohr), and in the modern era we find scientists becoming more and more secular and at times atheists. These days, and for the last hundred years at least, it would be hard to The Study of Narrative to a, make any argument that a particular theology, or lack thereof, was helpful in the pursuit of protein in urine, science. So it is unsurprising to find a priest was a brilliant and of Narrative Applied Novel Essay influential early scientist. Nor is it surprising that we find no gay, women, or atheist scientists in those days. Thanks for reading. Example! When time allows, I'd like to The Study Applied Essay, respond to several of your points. For now, a couple comments:

1) in in urine during pregnancy, the modern era we find scientists becoming more and more secular and at The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic times atheists. These days, and for the last hundred years at least, it would be hard to make any argument that a particular theology, or lack thereof, was helpful in the pursuit of rape pdf, science. I think there is a lot of truth in these statements. In fact, my next article will discuss this very issue (I can't say for sure that it will be published at Strange Notions). The Catholic Church has become mostly a supporter and promoter of science. A less-than-ideal number of the first rate scientists of the The Study Applied to a Novel 20th century were devout Catholics. This is a problem.

2) Most of the big names in scientists turn out to be protestant in the enlightenment (Kepler, Newton, Darwin, Maxwell, Plank, Bohr) You have listed a Lutheran, a non-Trinitarian from the Anglican tradition, an agnostic from the Anglican tradition, a Presbyterian, and two more from the definition concept Lutheran tradition. It is an ecclesiological error to group all such individuals under the label of of Narrative Applied Essay, Protestant. Plus, you've ignored hundreds of scientists who were Catholic. A question and pdf some thoughts that deal with your above post:

What are your thoughts in The Study Novel, regards to how particular subcultural environments effect the views of lock, individuals found within a subculture? The particular subculture I am speaking of is academia. In general, I believe that students are more likely to The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Novel, gravitate towards academic environments they are likely to fit into, and during pregnancy those who spend a large amount of time with those they disagree with are likely to Applied to a Novel Essay, begin to definition concept, adopt the of Narrative to a Essay views of the majority or modify their views to fit in. Liability Example! When one looks at of Narrative to a Graphic Novel the current cultural environment found within academia around the example sciences, you find a cultural environment that is Applied Graphic Novel not always the of the lock pdf friendliest to theists (often condescending and scornful) and quite open and friendly to an atheist/agnostic/questioning view towards religion and spirituality. This naturally creates an environment where those who are predisposed towards atheism/agnosticism and questioning religion will gravitate towards the sciences while those who are theistic are more likely to avoid it. Why go into a career where your views are going to be constantly questioned and you might be looked down upon? Students who are theists and go into the sciences in college might end up leaving the sciences because they don't like the The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic environment, and during pregnancy also some who stay in the field might find themselves agnostics/atheists by the time they are finished with their education.

While some might become atheists or agnostics due to a serious soul searching (I find commentary from you and the majority of common atheist/agnostic bloggers on The Study of Narrative Applied to a, Strange Notions to sex, demonstrate this soul searching), social pressures from the environment they are in might get them to change their views. By the time you get through those who leave the field because they don't like the environment and those who end up losing their faith, you probably don't have a large number of theists left. I raise these thoughts because while the majority of major scientists today are not subscribing to an organized religion and The Study to a Graphic Novel Essay are more and more frequently subscribing to atheism and agnosticism, I believe this has more to do with cultural influences than it does to science. Most major scientists are coming out of the definition marketing concept west, and the west is of Narrative Novel Essay becoming more secular. Those who are more educated and are wealthier are more likely to be irreligious. There are also several cultural and And End With environmental factors that are going to cause atheists and Applied to a Novel agnostics to go into the sciences and those with religious persuasions to liability, avoid the The Study of Narrative to a Essay sciences. The above paragraph goes into during pregnancy some of these factors.

According to all the traditions and legends, Christianity was born and flourished in The Study of Narrative to a, an environment that could not have been more hostile. We skeptics are continually assured that during its earliest years, you could be tortured and killed just for saying Christ is my savior. What does it say about modern Christianity that its adherents are so easily driven away just by people saying, If you believe that, you're an idiot? It says we have serious issues. It also says that when given a choice, many individuals who are very devout will choose to vicarious example, walk away from a particular environment (in this case academia, but it goes into other environments as well) and go to one where they will not face the same condescesion.

This isn't equivalent to early Christianity. With that population, there really wasn't anywhere to The Study of Narrative Graphic, go where they wouldn't face persecution. One can be just as much of a witness to God in the sciences as within other professions, but the current cultural climate towards religion and spirituality within scientific academia simply creates an environment that is during naturally going to drive many with spiritual inclinations away from majors in the sciences. With that population, there really wasn't anywhere to go where they wouldn't face persecution. I don't believe that was actually the case, but I'll stipulate it.

Those Christians had the same option of denying their faith as any student in a modern college. The Study Of Narrative To A Graphic Novel Essay! And any student does have the option of going to a school where nobody will make fun of rape lock, them for The Study Applied to a Graphic Novel, believing in Christ. Ummm. I'm talking about majors in the sciences, not a particular college. In general you are going to find a mixture of attitudes at protein during most colleges towards organized religion, but the current attitude found within the to a Graphic sciences is rape of the pdf generally more negative than within other branches. Applied Novel Essay! I doubt most people would be willing to vicarious, go to The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel, the another college in of the pdf, the hopes of having a more pleasant atmosphere when there is no guarantee that would actually be the case. Academic condescension is of Narrative Applied not the same thing as persecution suffered by early Christians. What happened in the early days of Christianity would not be happening on a college campus. Jumping from nationalism, one college to another does not guarantee a more accepting environment.

I'm talking about majors in the sciences, not a particular college. I have no experience as a science major, but in the science classes I took, religion was not even mentioned except in biology classes. I had to take introductory biology twice. The first professor mentioned evolution only briefly. He commented that some religions had a problem with it but others didn't. The second professor completely ignored evolution until the last day of class, when a student brought it up. The professor took a Bible out of his desk, read Genesis 1:1, and said that that was all anybody needed to know on The Study Applied Novel Essay, the subject.

Years later I took a class on nationalism example, human evolution. A couple of times during the course, the professor acknowledged that some students had a problem with it because of their religious beliefs. He just stated it as a fact, without any disparagement that I could detect, aside from the obvious implication that he believed those students were mistaken. I'm glad that your experience in your science class was positive in regards to how your prof spoke about religion. The Study Applied Essay! Experiences of others might be more mixed. That was sort of my point. If Christianity could flourish in the face of potentially lethal persecution, how is a bit of condescension driving so many students away from during pregnancy, their faith? My main point is that many individuals are going to step away from sciences because their faith is going to put them into an unpleasant/frustrating position. People generally are going to want to be in more accepting environments and step away/avoid less accepting environments.

An example of another population choosing to go into a particular major in college would be homosexuals going into majors involving theatre. Homosexuals historically have been more accepted in theatre than in many other settings, hence you see a large number of homosexuals in theatre majors. It is an environment that is more accepting. Back to The Study Graphic Essay, the point I'm trying to make. Some fields are more open and welcoming to talking about religion while others are not, and the current situation found within the sciences is one where religion generally gets the thumbs down. In regards to why some who are in the sciences might end up losing their faith in college, especially within the definition concept area of the sciences, we now live in a time where many Christians are unchurched, don't know a lot about their religion, and don't know how to address questions from skeptics. Lack of knowledge and a firm foundation in the faith creates a situation where individuals are more likely to lose their faith in an environment that is critical of religion. Experiences of The Study Novel Essay, others might be more mixed. My experience constitutes a sample size of one.

Obviously, I can't just assume it was typical. But for what it's worth, they did occur at three different schools, two state junior colleges and one state university. My main point is that many individuals are going to example, step away from sciences because their faith is The Study Applied to a Novel Essay going to rape, put them into of Narrative Novel Essay an unpleasant/frustrating position. People generally are going to want to be in chinese, more accepting environments and step away/avoid less accepting environments. I hope you're distinguishing the The Study Applied to a Essay subject matter from the about Why Does Begin And End With academic environment in which the subject is taught.

If a well established scientific theory, such as biological evolution or a non-supernatural cosmogony, happens to conflict with a student's sectarian religious beliefs, then that student needs to The Study Essay, be made uncomfortable, as far as I'm concerned. I am not about to excuse ridiculing any student, especially not in the classroom unless they're begging for it by being disruptive. Definition! But the professor has to The Study Applied to a Graphic Novel, be able to say something like: What I'm about to teach you is the consensus of the scientific community at this moment in history. The purpose of this class is to inform you of that consensus. Some of example, it might conflict with certain religious beliefs to which some of you are committed.

You don't have to believe any of The Study of Narrative Applied to a Essay, it to pass this course, but you do have to demonstrate some level of vicarious, familiarity with it. If this makes you uncomfortable, I encourage you to seek counsel from your spiritual mentors. But the major religions have well accommodated themselves to modern science. I don't deny that students belonging to such a religion will find, in the general academic community, a prevailing opinion that even their religion is of Narrative Essay out of intellectual fashion. The same is nationalism true, however, of students who share my conservative political opinions, and I see no acceptable way of compelling the academy to change itself in that respect.

If political conservatives want their views to become more respected, then they just have to find better ways to defend those views in the public arena. So too for those who wish to make mainstream religion more respected. we now live in a time where many Christians are unchurched, don't know a lot about of Narrative to a Novel Essay, their religion, and don't know how to address questions from skeptics. Lack of knowledge and a firm foundation in the faith creates a situation where individuals are more likely to lose their faith in an environment that is critical of religion. That looks to me like a problem that the about Frankenstein Begin Walton's churches should be solving. If they can't prepare their members to confront their adversaries, they can hardly expect their adversaries to The Study of Narrative to a, do it for them. Thanks for your thoughts Doug.

Again, I'm speaking about the general environment towards religion within the Essay Frankenstein And End With Walton's sciences, not specific religious doctrines conflicting with science. The Catholic Church today is pretty in step with science (e.g., Pope Francis's recent comments on global warming, the church's nonliteral interpretation of the story of creation, and the pontifical council of the sciences which includes famous atheist Stephen Hawking). While there are less ordained priests, brothers and sisters within the sciences today, there still are some and those individuals are highly unlikely to take a more fundamentalist view of the Bible. It is The Study Applied to a Novel not just teachers; the attitude of classmates can potentially be even more powerful than that of free chinese, teachers. Even if teachers are respectful towards religious beliefs they disagree with, that does not mean that the atmosphere within a classroom is necessarily welcoming towards those with religious beliefs.

While I never majored in the sciences, I recall one group of friends I had while I was at UVA. Whenever the topic of religion would come up, they would not necessarily bash it but they would be very dismissive and at times scornful. Whenever I would bring up my beliefs-out of The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel, frustration at times-it was total conversation shut down. They didn't want to hear it. They talked about rape of the pdf, how they were open minded yet whenever they were confronted with ideas about Graphic Novel Essay, God and religion that they didn't like, the conversation would stop and sex they would move onto something else. Were they mean? No. However, it was at times a deeply frustrating environment to of Narrative Novel Essay, be around. Rape Of The! I believe this might be a better example of the of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel atmosphere within scientific academia towards religion than outward hostility/rudeness. Most students don't go around proselytizing in definition marketing, the classroom, but at to a Graphic Novel the same time, they probably like being in an atmosphere where if they were to talk to a fellow student about nationalism example, faith or just what's going on at their church, it wouldn't be conversation shut down with many of the people one speaks to.

For many religious people, talking about these things is just as natural as talking about what you did with your friends this past weekend or a tv show you saw last night you enjoyed. If in the midst of a conversation you started talking about what you did with your friends/family this past weekend or a tv show you liked and your conversation partner started acting like they didn't care or they didn't want to The Study of Narrative to a Novel Essay, hear it, how would you feel? Another commenter, Brian, responded to my above question and said that religion wasn't really ever brought up in the classroom because it wasn't relevant. Part of what I'm saying is that since many within the sciences don't believe that religion or spirituality is relevant, the views of those with deeply held religious beliefs are minimized and at free chinese times dismissed, and this creates an atmosphere that many religious would not want to be part of unless they had a very specific calling to the sciences. This naturally creates a situation where you are going to see less deists in the sciences than you might within some other fields. That looks to me like a problem that the The Study of Narrative Applied to a churches should be solving. If they can't prepare their members to marketing concept, confront their adversaries, they can hardly expect their adversaries to do it for them.

A very true comment. Applied Graphic Novel! There is always room for improvement with the way the church catechizes, and there are some religious who don't do a very good job at it. With that said, I would bring up the phrase, You can bring a horse to definition concept, water, but you can't make it drink. I've met many priests who have done everything they can to try and get their parishioners interested in learning about the faith, but many of the parishioners aren't interested. I've been to churches where there are Bible studies on a weekly basis, but you don't see more than five or six people at the Bible study. You can't force people to learn something. Applied Graphic Novel Essay! There needs to be a willingness on definition, the part of those in the pews to take the The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Essay time to learn and many simply choose not to. I'm speaking about the general environment towards religion within the sciences, not specific religious doctrines conflicting with science. What kind of environment is there supposed to be? If there is chinese no conflict, I don't see how there is a problem. Do you want an Novel, astronomy professor saying Here we see the glory of God when he shows the class a picture from the Hubble telescope?

Even if teachers are respectful towards religious beliefs they disagree with, that does not mean that the rape of the lock pdf atmosphere within a classroom is necessarily welcoming towards those with religious beliefs. If certain opinions are irrelevant to the subject being taught, I think the atmosphere is welcoming enough if those opinions are simply ignored. Part of what I'm saying is that since many within the sciences don't believe that religion or spirituality is relevant, the views of those with deeply held religious beliefs are minimized and at times dismissed, and this creates an of Narrative Graphic, atmosphere that many religious would not want to be part of unless they had a very specific calling to the sciences. If religious beliefs really are irrelevant to science, then you have no grounds for complaining if the scientific community treats them as irrelevant. If this discourages some religious people from definition, becoming scientists, then it is of Narrative Applied Graphic not clear to me what the scientific community is supposed to do about it. Most students don't go around proselytizing in the classroom, but at the same time, they probably like being in an atmosphere where if they were to talk to a fellow student about faith or just what's going on at their church, it wouldn't be conversation shut down with many of the people one speaks to.

For many religious people, talking about free chinese sex, these things is just as natural as talking about what you did with your friends this past weekend or a tv show you saw last night you enjoyed. Fair enough, but lots of people have interests that are of great personal importance to them but not to most other people. There are ways for Applied, students with special interests to indulge them on campus. At the last school I attended, a group of example, Protestant students got together every week in the Student Union for a Bible study. I went to one of their meetings just out of curiosity. They weren't bothering me, and I kept my mouth shut and The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Novel Essay didn't bother them. There is always room for improvement with the Essay Begin And End way the of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay church catechizes, and chinese sex there are some religious who don't do a very good job at it. With that said, I would bring up the phrase, You can bring a horse to water, but you can't make it drink. If it's thirsty, you don't need to make it drink. It will drink without any encouragement.

And if it's been deprived of water for long enough, it will be thirsty, guaranteed. The church's problem is that when people deny being thirsty, the church has nothing to say except, But you should be. Hi Doug, sorry I haven't replied yet. Super busy with work and haven't had the time to read through everything and devote some time to what u have said. I will get back to u though. Thanks for your thoughts Doug.

After reading through your reply, I don't think there is much left to The Study Applied to a Graphic, say besides we agree to disagree on liability example, a number of Applied to a Graphic Essay, things. I've explained multiple times what I mean about the atmosphere within the free chinese sciences, and I believe a number of your replies further confirm my beliefs. In regards to your comment about a horse will drink once it's thirsty. you are incorrect. Google things like maintaining hydration in horses or dehydration colic in horses. Horses can die from complications due to dehydration even when they have easy access to a water source. Regardless, it is an analogy, and Applied to a Graphic Essay one that I believe is appropriate. Rape! Simply because a person needs spiritual nourishment and they have access to The Study Applied Graphic, places/people/events that can provide this nourishment does not mean that they are going to go for nationalism, it. Google things like maintaining hydration in horses or dehydration colic in Applied to a Essay, horses. Horses can die from complications due to dehydration even when they have easy access to a water source.

They're in a pathological state when that happens. I was thinking of free sex, horses in a normal state of The Study to a Novel Essay, health. Simply because a person needs spiritual nourishment and they have access to places/people/events that can provide this nourishment does not mean that they are going to go for it. As far as I can tell, spiritual starvation is an imaginary malady. Christianity has invented a disease so it can convince people they have it and then sell them the cure. Google things like maintaining hydration in horses or dehydration colic in horses. Horses can die from complications due to dehydration even when they have easy access to a water source. They're in a pathological state when that happens. I was thinking of nationalism, horses in a normal state of health. Simply because a person needs spiritual nourishment and they have access to places/people/events that can provide this nourishment does not mean that they are going to go for it. As far as I can tell, spiritual starvation is an imaginary malady.

Christianity has invented a disease so it can convince people they have it and then sell them the cure. Christianity cannot be defeated by attack. Today it is simply being defeated by the truth, sorry my friend. Don't know how to reply to that besides saying I disagree. Of Narrative To A Graphic Essay! Jesus has already won with the cross. Definition Marketing Concept! I believe that is truth. In my experience in university, I obtained degrees in the 1990s and 2000s there was no unfriendliness to theism, in fact the issue never arose.

I don't see why it would as it was irrelevant to the subjects I was studying. My speculation is that some theists feel threatened by things they discover in of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay, science and history that may conflict with conclusions they have reached on the basis of a religious tradition. If they were to raise religious ideas in a science class, I think such ideas would rightly be quickly discarded as irrelevant and unscientific. I doubt they would in a theology class or philosophy class. I think culture, society and peer groups are extremely influential on the conclusions we reach on issues of definition marketing, theism. I think religious and scientific contexts do influence us much more than the The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel kinds of discussions we have on this site. Example! This is why I think such environments should have reality checks and of Narrative to a Graphic mechanisms to try and keep the analysis as objective as possible and disregard fallacious thinking. This is basically what I think skepticism (critical thinking) and empiricism do or try to do. I think such mechanisms are woefully absent in religion, which is about Why Does Frankenstein And End With Letters? why scientific environments tend to disregard them without need for much serious contemplation.

Thanks for your thoughts. Very much appreciated :) Or the of Narrative shorter version: overwhelmingly, most important and influential scientists have not been priests, or Catholic, and theology is liability more or less irrelevant to scientific findings. Well the most successful scientist of all time as measured by nobels is still a person who was brought up in of Narrative Novel Essay, one of the most ardently catholic places on earth, years before women even got the of the lock vote in most of europe let alone sat at the same table as the greatest modern scientists! Yup, it was a women brought up in strict Catholic eastern europe at of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel the turn of the 20th century: Amazing eh? She's won more nobels in chinese, different disciplines than any other man, ever, even einstein! Mike, Marie Curie forsook her Catholicism after her mother and sister both died, and became at least agnostic in her early teens. [My husband] belonged to no religion and I did not practice any. well i could say something like the culture back then was mostly anti-religion so she had to say she was agnostic in order to fit into the all mall all white all atheist culture, but i won't.

ok my only point is The Study Applied Graphic Novel that it is truly amazing that not only did the most decorated scientist of protein in urine, all time emerge out of Applied Graphic, a traditional strident catholic milieu but that it was astonishingly a WOMEN! at a time when even among most liberal societies like France and free sex England there were no women at of Narrative Novel Essay her level of achievement! Indeed i think it was another 50 years before a women would win a nobel in one of the hard sciences! well i could say something like the culture back then was mostly anti-religion so she had to example, say she was agnostic in to a Novel, order to fit into the all mall all white all atheist culture, but i won't. You won't say what you just said? Does anything said in between the phrases Well I could say something like. and . but I won't get a free pass? If you want a strident Catholic milieu to get the credit for Marie Curie, you're going to in urine pregnancy, have give Catholicism the of Narrative Applied to a Novel credit and blame for rape lock, everything else that happened during all strident Catholic milieus. The Study Applied To A Graphic Novel! If you can use a given theory to explain everything, it probably can't explain anything. Edit: Two words changes for clarity. no i am just saying that the fact that the most successful scientist of all time came out of a very catholic culture AND was not a MAN but was a women! and definition concept 50 years before any other women won a nobel in a hard science! is insane but true.

check our how many nobels her family has won too! 5 i think! that's just incredible. And you're trying to give Catholicism the credit for it. not directly but a world view that presupposes order, pattern, structure, intelligibility helps. The Study To A Novel! i just think its very strange in light of the non-sense myths about the church being against women and marketing science that the only person to win 2 nobels in 2 different hard sciences should have been 1 a women and 2 from Applied Graphic, a very catholic culture and 3 to have won her nobels 50 years before another women would win even 1 in the hard sciences. just fascinating. Fascinating, yes. And you're still trying to give Catholicism the credit for her achievements. Definition Marketing Concept! I'd say she accomplished what she did in spite of the patriarchal religious milieu in The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Essay, which she was raised, not because of it as you continue to imply.

Why was it rare for a woman to achieve these things in Essay about Why Does Begin And End With Letters?, the first place? One could argue that it was because women were generally forbidden to occupy any place of of Narrative to a Novel Essay, power and influence equal to that which a man could attain, much like how the RCC and many other Abrahamic religions continue to Why Does Begin With Walton's Letters?, operate today. No not directly although i didn't even know she was raised catholic per andrew's comment below: my only point is that curie has still not been bested by any man or women in terms of nobels and of Narrative Applied she came from a culture which you continue to accuse of the worst things. anyway they also made a movie: No one is arguing against Curie being an amazing scientist or against Curie being one of the first major female scientists. Please point me to definition, where I continue to accuse [Catholicism] of the worst things. forbidden to occupy any place of to a, power and influence equal to that which a man could attain, much like how the RCC and many other Abrahamic religions continue to operate today you do it here but i know you see everything in nationalism example, terms of power and Graphic Novel Essay influence so that's understandable given your worldview. Is the content of my quote incorrect? i know you see everything in terms of power and influence so that's understandable given your worldview. What gave you that false impression? Please explain. just seems that you equate an all male priesthood with being anti women and you equate the priesthood with an executive position in chinese sex, a company or gov ie a place of power over ppl.

And you don't see a problem with women being forbidden to achieve the same level of power that men can achieve? Isn't the Catholic hierarchy similar to the hierarchy of a large corporation? Would you be okay with women being forbidden to be in managerial roles in a corporation? no of Applied Novel Essay, course i don't see that as a problem, in fact i see that as one of the things that makes the church so special imho - the in urine lib. protestants are now redefining marriage to exclude a women in one instance and a man in another so that could also be seen as discriminatory but that's another issue. i don't know about The Study to a Novel, how similar the corporate structure is to the church but the word corporate is ofcourse latin in origin. if the corporation was say the sons of vicarious, italy club then no i'd have no problem, why would you? do you think that the major feminist orgs should have men as presidents? that would be not right don't you think? Wow.

This is getting way too off topic, so I'll just say that, Yes, I have a problem with these types of The Study of Narrative to a Graphic, discrimination. yes it is. anyway i think women and men are equal in value but are not the same/not interchangeable. check this out: the only women in the room, einstein is behind her: Exactly. The only woman in the room. I'll see your picture and raise you one. How many women here?

Maybe a few in the background? Maybe? http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2013/03/28/article-2300490-18F8E2C5000005DC-827_964x629.jpg. maybe it's just me but it seems like you didn't know about marie curie? do you think that all institutions should be a mixture of men and women, so should be comprised of both sexes? What gave you the impression that I didn't know about liability example, Marie Curie? Yes. What you call a mixture, I call equality. I don't think any man or woman should be forced into any institution, but I do have a problem when a person is denied the option of joining an institution based on her/his biological sex. The Study Of Narrative Applied To A Essay! Or race. Or sexual orientation.

Or basically anything that doesn't have to do with one's merit. the impression came from protein in urine during, you throwing the all male priesthood card out of nowhere - seemed like you were trying to change the convo. ok so do you think that the institution of The Study Novel, marriage should also be made up of nationalism, both men and women or do you think that a marriage which excludes/bans a women in one case and say a man in the other is not unequal or discriminatory or wrong? just seems confusing bc you say the to a Graphic church should be diverse so wondering about lock, other institutions too. I can't even follow your logic here. I don't think I'm being confusing.

let me explain: i asked you if all institutions should be male AND female, a mix; you said yes; so i said what about marriages in which in one case (m/m) a women is necessarily excluded and in another (f/f) a man is necessarily unwelcome. Just seems like you only think the church should be gender diverse or don't you think that all kids generally speaking should have exposure to BOTH a mom and a dad? i am just pointing out that you seem to Applied, have a bias against the church. I can't believe this. You think that allowing two women to nationalism, marry is discriminating against of Narrative Graphic men? Mike, I can't take you seriously sometimes. There are some instances in which I think it's fair to allow discrimination, such as allowing private religious universities to base hiring decisions on whether a candidate's theology matches with the university's theology. Pdf! However, I'm against most instances of discrimination, such as discrimination against women by many Abrahamic religions.

This has gone way too far off-topic, so I will not continue this discussion here. No not allowing 2 women but recognizing a female only or male only relationship as equal to a diverse one; you seem to feel strongly about diversity in the church and all institutions which i asked you about but seem to make an exception for marriages which exclude gender diversity - just struck me as odd. yes and it's late, take care. I don't take Mike seriously at all, this is why I still like Mike. Did you see Mila's comment? She's proof Catholicism needs to go, it wastes valuable minds that could be used to help humanity. I couldn't have make the point better than she just did if I had tried. I try to The Study of Narrative Applied to a Novel, give religions the benefit of the doubt, and I don't want to be dogmatic, but how can you respond to stuff like this WITHOUT dogma.

It is so morally wrong it is repulsive. I don't see why women think not servicing others in the Church as a priest is a sign of during, being less. Of Narrative To A Novel Essay! God gave me the ability to feel a life inside me. Everything else is straw. No Nobel prize, no career, no diploma, no earthly achievement can compare to concept, that. If God chose women to The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel, serve Him in vicarious example, the Church, that would be unfair to men.

It is not the of Narrative Applied Essay Church that opposes the ordination of women. Vicarious Liability! It is God. From the of Narrative to a Graphic Essay beginning He chose men to serve. There were no Levi women in the altar. The Church can't go against what she inherited. She has no authority to claim more authority than God. The problem is that people envy others because they no longer see their value. Women envy men, (though in the case of protein in urine during, women ordination is just an attempt to of Narrative Applied Graphic, destroy priesthood), and men envy women. They have each lost their identity and self-worth. As a woman, I can tell you that I would decline being a priest, bishop, or Pope any day for just 9 months of an protein in urine pregnancy, uncomfortable pregnacy and a lifetime of motherhood. hey i agree with you mila; btw sometimes i do wonder about how strange it is The Study of Narrative to a Novel that no man will ever feel new life in his body and how weird wonderful it is that all of us were born of Why Does Frankenstein, a women.

God gave me the ability to feel a life inside me. Everything else is straw. No Nobel prize, no career, no diploma, no earthly achievement can compare to The Study of Narrative to a Novel, that. OK. So the more women we can get out of the Catholic Church, the more contributions they can make to Why Does Begin With Walton's, science. People like you make me both anti-Christian, and anti-Catholic. No wonder the The Study Novel religion is dying, it deserves to die. The world will be a better place once we move past Christianity, you are direct proof. Unreal! Anti-motherhood bigotry is what gotten us into this mess where family is completely destroyed.

Those who think that motherhood is Essay Begin With Walton's less than power were all born because a woman thought differently. And they have been saying the religion is dying for to a Graphic, 2000 years. I'm still in shock that someone would value their mother so little as to concept, criticize her decision to The Study Applied Essay, be their mother. I HAVE never understood myself how this superstition arose: the notion that a woman plays a lowly part in the home and a loftier part outside the home. Lol, exactly how did I criticize being a mother? It is your false premise that a woman can't be a mother and something else too. Does it make it more difficult? Yes, but check out this list of great female scientists who were also mostly mothers. Definition Marketing! The Church has been teaching you non-sense for The Study of Narrative Graphic, so long you just believe it to be true for no reason at nationalism all, it's called a shared delusion. It is a matter of social interest how to get the best minds in the right places, and keep them from having to chose between being a mother and having a career.

Work from home is The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel becoming more and more viable thanks to technology. Instead of definition, pretending something is impossible, let's make it happen. We continue to The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel, do things with science and liability example technology that were long held to Applied Novel, be impossible. Notice I merely said that feeling a life inside was so incredible that every thing else was straw and example you reacted as if I had said that women couldn't do anything else other than motherhood. As if motherhood was so inferior that it couldn't possible measure up to of Narrative Applied to a Graphic, being a scientist. FYI, I am a woman and definition marketing concept I have done both. I know from experience which is more important and more rewarding and more challenging. You seem to take it for granted that all women MUST think the same as you, this is quite false. I attack you in defense of my mother, my sisters, and my daughter. The Study Of Narrative To A Novel Essay! If my daughter decides not to have children, I won't exactly be happy, but that is HER choice.

Not yours, not the marketing church's, not anyone's, it is Graphic hers. You are content for a choice to be taken away from other women simply because you don't want it, that is the liability problem I have with you. Again notice I merely said that feeling a life inside is the most incredible thing. The Study Of Narrative Novel! And you come up with this? What? What? Let me repeat, feeling a life inside is so incredible that nothing compares to it. I know from experience.

I never said anything thing that you assumed I said. I don't see why women think not servicing others in the Church as a priest is a sign of marketing, being less. The Study Of Narrative! God gave me the ability to liability, feel a life inside me. Of Narrative Applied Novel! Everything else is marketing concept straw. BTW here is where God said women shouldn't be priests: 8 I desire, then, that in every place the men should pray, lifting up holy hands without anger or argument; 9 also that the The Study Applied to a Novel women should dress themselves modestly and decently in suitable clothing, not with their hair braided, or with gold, pearls, or expensive clothes, 10 but with good works, as is proper for women who profess reverence for God. 11 Let a woman[b] learn in silence with full submission.

12 I permit no woman[c] to nationalism, teach or to have authority over a man;[d] she is to Applied Graphic Novel Essay, keep silent. 13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve; 14 and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor. 15 Yet she will be saved through childbearing, provided they continue in faith and love and holiness, with modesty. Not only chinese sex, should they not be priests, but they should shut up and submit. Oh yeah, and original sin is all their fault. Of Narrative To A Graphic Essay! Not only is was this passage written by a sexist fool, it was written by a darn LIAR. 80% of lock, Christian scholars think the The Study Graphic Essay pastorals were written by someone other than Paul, that is well past consensus.

The problem is free sex that the author CLAIMED to be Paul, this makes him a liar. Don't take my word for it, take Catholic resources: For the of Narrative Graphic other four letters, about 80% of scholars think they were not written by Paul himself, but by protein in urine during, one of his followers after his death: Ephesians is almost definitely a later expansion of Colossians, since they are so similar in structure and theology, but quite different from Paul's earlier letters; Ephesians was probably written to The Study of Narrative Applied to a Novel Essay, serve as a cover letter for an early collection of Pauline letters. The Pastoral Epistles (1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus) were most likely written late in the first century by some member(s) of the Pauline School who wanted to adapt his teachings to changing circumstances.

Note: Judging a particular letter to be pseudepigraphic does not mean that it is rape any less valuable than the other letters, but only that it was written later by The Study to a Graphic Essay, someone other than Paul. All thirteen of the letters attributed to protein in urine, Paul are still considered canonical; all of them are still part of the Holy Bible and foundational for The Study Applied to a Essay, the Christian Church. Distinguishing the letters based on actual authorship, however, allows scholars to see more clearly the development of early Christian theology and practice. What you just said, your view, is the result of deception. It's despicable and if God has a mind, he can't be pleased with that. This isn't to say that men and women aren't different, we know that, it is about opportunity and Justice. I oppose Christianity for its injustices.

OTOH, there are very good things in Christianity, one of which is considering divorce wrong, a breach of a promise. In many ways I'm a philosophical Christian, but I dogmatically reject the Church's view of women, and the self. In fact, if you go to Paul's actual words, they aren't bad, but it is almost the polar opposite of the view of whoever wrote 1 Timothy. Look at 1 Cor 7. 7 Now concerning the pdf matters about which you wrote: It is well for a man not to touch a woman. 2 But because of cases of sexual immorality, each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband. 3 The husband should give to his wife her conjugal rights, and The Study of Narrative Applied likewise the wife to her husband. 4 For the wife does not have authority over her own body, but the husband does; likewise the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife does. 5 Do not deprive one another except perhaps by agreement for a set time, to in urine, devote yourselves to prayer, and then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.

6 This I say by way of concession, not of command. 7 I wish that all were as I myself am. The Study To A Graphic Novel Essay! But each has a particular gift from Essay Why Does Walton's Letters?, God, one having one kind and another a different kind. 8 To the unmarried and the widows I say that it is Novel well for marketing, them to of Narrative to a, remain unmarried as I am. 9 But if they are not practicing self-control, they should marry.

For it is better to marry than to be aflame with passion. 10 To the married I give this commandnot I but the Lordthat the wife should not separate from her husband 11 (but if she does separate, let her remain unmarried or else be reconciled to her husband), and that the husband should not divorce his wife. I hope you feel the Catholic Church betrayed you, Christianity as a whole betrayed women with lies. I didn't realize you would get so defensive for stating that to feel a life inside is way more incredible than anything else. That nothing can compare to it.

My bad, I guess I can't expect someone who can't to even relate to it. Vicarious Liability Example! You don't like my opinion, how I feel, then great. Because I was expressing based on my own experience what I feel is the most incredible thing. I would expect anyone to respect me as a woman to feel like that. And the Catholic Church or Christianity didn't betray women. The Study Applied Novel Essay! Those who devalue the main attributes of women actually do.

The problem is that some women and rape pdf men think that working in a cubicle is somehow more dignified than being a mother. The problem is in The Study to a Graphic Novel Essay, how society values mothers. And I used to definition, think that the Church and Christianity had actually betrayed me also, but after many years of being in the world that supposedly promised equality, I realize that it was only the equality to be a slave. That the perception of to a Essay, society was so twisted that it actually devalues the main and most important thing women do by virtue of her own nature. On the example other hand, the Church elevate women to not just be contributors in a workforce but also that they are mothers. But of course, if someone doesn't see motherhood as the important role it plays in society, they wouldn't understand it.

I, myself, rather be a mother than anything else. The Study Of Narrative Graphic Novel! Everything else is Essay about Why Does With Walton's Letters? straw compared to motherhood. If you knew what it feels like to feel a life inside maybe you would understand. I know most women feel like this too. The Study To A Novel Essay! I think you should respect women who do not hold the trendy perception that somehow working in an office is more dignified than being a mother. As a woman, I can tell you that it is very disrespectful to women to say that her own nature of motherhood is inferior and thus they need to prove themselves to be great by becoming great scientist or inventors. Liability! Women can do that too. Nobody says anything against The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Novel that. I mainly said that being a mother tops them all. Whatever you need to tell yourself to sleep at rape of the lock night. I think the Catholic Church would have made WAY better decisions if it had allowed women in Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay, the priesthood a long time ago.

I've excellent experience with teams composed of both men and women. Groups entirely composed of men create specific problems, and groups entirely composed of chinese, women have specific problems that groups composed of both do not. Women help a great deal with group cohesion. Of Narrative Applied To A Novel! Check out this study that showed more women than men improved group intelligence, but all women tends to have a negative effect compared to example, a diversified group. Mental diversity has profound benefits when it comes to creativity. The Church obviously has no interest in creativity, of course, only The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay, authority. Sad really. Perhaps Catholics need to start rethinking their stances to reverse this profound trend:

P.S. You attempt to protein, say I was attacking mothers is of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel a straw man if there ever was one. Anyone can tear down a straw man. Easy william, you're just being offensive now! I know, I'm done now. The idea that sexism is of God really ticks me off in case you can't tell ;) If the women were allowed to be priests who would wash all the vestments and arrange the flowers ? You're mistaken that only women do this work.

For example, in my church the priest washes his own vestments (dry cleaners). Or in a monastery, men would do this work. But to answer your question- it wouldn't change things, whomever is doing the work now. This is definition why i always look forward to what you have to Applied to a Novel, contribute bc it's always tinged with a genuine affection for sincere dialogue and mutual respect ;) To be honest, Mike, I never feel genuineness, sincerity, and chinese mutual respect from The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic, you; rather, I see question-dodging, goalpost-moving, and word-twisting that I'm doubting can be attributable to simple misunderstanding. so you still think that all male marriages are ok but not an all male priesthood? ;) dude, take it easy! i am just trying to decipher things same as you. but i think i am following the logic a bit more closely if i may say so. ps did you get to mass today? believe it or not for the first time in free sex, my uber lefty parish i heard the priest mention BOTH chesteron and lewis, weird! This is precisely what I'm talking about. maybe you need more time to figure out just what you believe about gender diversity? No, Mike.

It's really quite simple and I'm astounded that you can't understand: I'm generally against forbidding people from having the The Study Novel same rights as other people. In the RCC, women do not have the same rights as men; they cannot preside over men as men can preside over women, which subjugates women based solely on their biological sex. Vicarious Example! This asymmetry is of Narrative to a Graphic Essay a problem for me. In the US, same-sex couples are forbidden from having the same rights as male-female couples. This is also a problem for me. i know that that's what you think; i just think you can't hold both positions at the same time as they are contradictory imho. i think you make an exception for an all male marriage bc of your politics and liability condemn the church for an all male priesthood bc it's what your politics dictate. my point was that your criticism of the rcc's priesthood is The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel political nothing more - which is fine your opinion is just that.

seriously though don't you think that all households especially those with little kids ought to ideally be diverse be a mix of both sexes be a place where ppl learn that both are required and that gender diversity is a real strength not a weakness? actually never mind don't answer as we're getting way off topic. anyway thx again for the exchange and let's catch up again on another thread. If you knew that's what I thought, why did you play dumb? My worldview dictates my politics, not the example other way around. which subjugates women btw this is Applied Graphic Novel really kinda rude to catholics, just in case you were wondering. especially to female catholics. but a world view that presupposes order, pattern, structure, intelligibility helps. And Catholicism is the definition concept only world view incorporating that presupposition? no but atheism imho can not account for those things in fact it denies them - it proceeds brute fact by brute fact by The Study Applied, brute fact on and on and on without end. atheism imho can not account for those things. Atheism is not a world view, and chinese sex it is not supposed to account for anything.

what's the point of it then? Mike, we've had this conversation before; multiple times. Don't you remember? no, really if there's no worldview no implications what's the point? How about to of Narrative to a Graphic Novel Essay, distinguish ourselves from vicarious, theists? You're asking more of the term than it was coined to describe. When someone tells you something you don't believe, what is your point when you say, I don't believe that? depends on what it is if it's trivial i just move on but you folks don't just move on right? which makes me q your saying that's there's nothing more to of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Essay, it bc to me and many many others it's clear: your goal is to convince ppl to example, stop believing. which i think is cruel and The Study of Narrative to a Novel immoral but again that's a whole other topic. btw atheism would have a MUCH more positive image if it started BUILDING UP rather than trying to protein in urine during pregnancy, tear down and everyone knows it. The Study To A Graphic Novel Essay! also i'd say it should start by trying to recruit women as all the free leading lights are men and sort of frat boy men on top of that. Atheism is not a world view, and it is not supposed to account for anything. what's the point of it then?

When someone tells you something you don't believe, what is your point when you say, I don't believe that? depends on what it is if it's trivial i just move on OK, but I don't think belief in God is trivial, and I suspect you don't, either. but you folks don't just move on right? which makes me q your saying that's there's nothing more to it bc to The Study Novel Essay, me and definition concept many many others it's clear: your goal is to convince ppl to stop believing. which i think is cruel and immoral but again that's a whole other topic. The more to The Study of Narrative Applied to a, it is not in atheism itself. It's in the reasons we have for being atheists, and those reasons vary from one atheist to another. Many of us are atheists because we espouse a scientifically rational worldview, and we think theism is rape of the pdf inconsistent with scientific rationalism.

But obviously, there are quite a few scientists out there in Applied to a Graphic, the world who beg to definition marketing concept, differ with us. btw atheism would have a MUCH more positive image if it started BUILDING UP rather than trying to tear down and everyone knows it In atheism per se, there is nothing to build on. In science and reason, though, I think there is all we need to build a better world than the Applied Novel Essay one we're living in now. also i'd say it should start by trying to recruit women as all the leading lights are men and rape lock pdf sort of frat boy men on top of that. Plenty of atheists are working very hard to The Study Graphic Essay, change that, but the atheist community is just as human as any other community. People who say they are committed to Essay about Why Does Frankenstein With Letters?, science and reason don't always act as if they really were, and The Study to a atheist advocates for social justice are no exception. have you ever wondered more in marketing, depth about why the loud mouths are all men and excuse me but stereotypically well to do white men? besides that tyson guy it's all sort of frat boy -esque rich white dudes who imho kind of of Narrative, can afford to reject traditional religion bc they're all super educated intelligent and free chinese basically rich. i get the The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic appeal if you're also rich secular and white in a big city but if things aren't all going well for you i wonder what the liability example appeal is of a bunch of guys basically telling your a dummy red neck if you believe in sky fairies - just comes as very insulting to ALOT of ppl. have you ever wondered more in depth about why the loud mouths are all men and excuse me but stereotypically well to do white men? No, I haven't wondered much about to a Novel, that, because I don't think the main problem with loudmouths is who they are.

I think the main problem is why the mainstream media gives most of its attention to loudmouths. but if things aren't all going well for you i wonder what the appeal is of a bunch of nationalism, guys basically telling your a dummy red neck if you believe in sky fairies - just comes as very insulting to ALOT of ppl. Yes, it's insulting, and The Study Applied Graphic Novel gratuitously so, in my judgment. I think religious skeptics who want to have a positive effect on society need to be giving some serious thought to finding better ways to get some attention. And some of us are trying.

You can see a few instances of it in a conference of prominent skeptics that was held about nine years ago. Chinese Sex! You can watch it at http://thesciencenetwork.org/programs/beyond-belief-science-religion-reason-and-survival. You need to update your information. Although Ms. Curie was the first to to a Essay, win two Nobels, and in vicarious, different disciplines, you are incorrect in your closing remarks.

Linus Pauling, the great Cal Tech chemist, who lost the race with Messrs. Of Narrative Applied Graphic! Crick, Watson, Wilkens and Ms. Essay About Why Does Frankenstein And End Letters?! Franklin to unravel the of Narrative Novel structure of Why Does Frankenstein Begin With Walton's, DNA, also one two Nobels in different disciplines, Chemistry in '54 and Peace in '62. He happens to be the of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay only laureate, to my knowledge, to have two unshared Nobels. Two others have also won two Nobels, albeit both shared and both in the same discipline: John Bardeen in '55 and '72 in Physics and Frederick Sanger in '58 and '80 in Chemistry. While it would be of more import to have any of the actual scientists or historians of science not banned by nationalism example, SN to weigh in on this topic -- Michael Murray or Paul Brandon Rimmer, help -- let me venture the suggestion that probably few serious and knowledgeable scientists regard the number of Nobels awarded to be a useful metric of The Study Applied Novel Essay, a scientist's historic stature and overall contributions. Protein Pregnancy! While not diminishing Ms. Curie's substantial contributions, I doubt many scientists would regard her overall contributions to the development of of Narrative to a Graphic Novel, science and example the state of human knowledge on The Study Novel, a par with, say, Newton's, Einstein's, Bohr's, Darwin's, Faraday's or Maxwell's or, for that matter, Pauling's.

She's still the only person to win 2 nobels in 2 hard science fields! and the only Essay about Why Does Frankenstein And End Walton's Letters?, women! btw you sound a bit like your downplaying her bc she was a women - did you know that she was voted the most important female scientist of all time recently in britain? In response to Novel Essay, the question you pose, I did not know that, and I thank you for bringing it to my attention. it is none too charitable on your part to suggest that I was. downplaying [Ms. Curie] because she was a woman. About Letters?! You know nothing. about me on which to base such a charge. Nor did I say anything in my.

original post from which you could fairly infer that. I'd invite you to. reread my earlier post. That other scientists and historians of. science engaging in the parlor game of Applied to a Graphic Novel, ranking scientists in nationalism example, a Top 20. of All-Time type list might place several other scientists, who. happened to be men, higher on their list than Ms.

Curie hardly. demonstrates sexism or the downplaying of of Narrative Applied Novel Essay, women. It is Frankenstein Letters? possible that it. might, for some (consider, for example, the manner in which James. Watson wrote about Applied to a Graphic Essay, Rosalind Franklin's contributions to the discovery of. the structure of DNA in his book, The Double Helix), but wouldn't you. actually have to know something about the person making the list and the.

reasons they offered for ranking scientists as they did before you. leveled such a charge? Don't you suppose it is possible that it. simply reflects the list maker's judgment about the significance and. importance of the overall contributions made by free sex, individual scientists. over the course of their careers, regardless of their gender, race, ethnicity or nationality or whether or not they happened to be religious. thanks that's great to know that you think she may not be as important as other ppl who happen to be white men who've only ever won nobels in ONE category. but i really don't care one way or another how important this women is to science all i know is The Study Applied to a Novel that to my surprise bc i too only recently found out how astonishing her career was, she remains the only PERSON to win in 2 Hard Sciences nobel categories! still not 1 man has won 2 in different sciences! anyway my only point is that she emerged out of a strident catholic culture and became and is still the most successful scientist of all time. ps you just listed all these men at definition the end of your post, but when i looked them up none had won 2 nobels in 2 different fields so it just seemed like you were more enamored of them bc they were men bc some of them were maybe agnostic too like her.

I'd invite you to read more carefully before you leap to making unfounded charges and misrepresenting others, as you have done, once again, in of Narrative Applied Novel Essay, the first and the concluding sentences in your most recent post. If you're looking for someone to nationalism example, demean or diminish Ms. Curie's contributions because she happened to be a woman, you need to cast your net elsewhere. Without doing a thorough survey, I'd venture the guess that a great many, and probably the The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Essay majority, of Greatest Scientists of All Time type (knowledgeable) polls will list Ms. Curie in the top 10, almost all will list her in the top 20, and a number may list in her in vicarious, the top 5. But, I'm not a historian of scientist and in to a Essay, no position to evaluate such things independently myself. Are you? I'd invite you to think for a moment as to why it may be that Messrs.

Newton, Faraday, Maxwell and Darwin never managed to win even a single Nobel, and why the fact that none of rape lock pdf, them has a Nobel to his credit doesn't keep them out of the Graphic Novel top dozen or so in most of these kinds of lists and why Newton somehow manages to be placed in the top spot in most such lists even though he won two fewer Nobels than Ms. Curie and Messrs. Pauling, Bardeen and vicarious example Sanger. As to The Study Applied to a Essay, the speculation in your closing paragraph, if you go check more than a few polls of the greatest scientists of all time variety, you might gain actual insight as to why I bothered to list Messrs. Newton, Einstein, Bohr, Darwin, Faraday and Maxwell. Hint: it has nothing to do with the fact that they all happened to concept, be white men, nor with the fact that none of them happened to be Catholic. Finally, even if it was the case that a majority of the The Study to a Novel Essay Polish population at the turn of the 20th Century might have been baptized Catholic or otherwise self-identified as Catholics, it is hard to see what that has to do with Ms. Curie's immense contributions to science, given her own statements regarding religion and religious faith. Because you seem impressed by the number of Nobels won and ranking in Top __ type lists, it might prove an interesting research project for you to look into vicarious example the backgrounds of all the Nobel laureates in the hard sciences and the scientists whose names often appear in The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel, the top 20 or 30 (or wherever you chose to draw the cut-off line) of greatest scientists lists and nationalism example determine how many identified themselves as devout Catholics and, of those, how many attributed their scientific contributions to the nature of of Narrative Applied to a Novel Essay, their religious beliefs (as opposed to, say, their devotion to the scientific method as a means of producing knowledge, and their willingness to consider with an open mind where the evidence took them, rather than knowing what the answers were a priori based on about Frankenstein And End Letters?, their religious faith). ok, thanks for that but i still think you're over analyzing this; my only point in bringing her up was to make the point that she emerged out of one of the most catholic cultures of that era and she was a WOMEN! it just explodes the non-sense about catholicism and it's influence ambient or otherwise being in any way against women or science. do you know of any other women usually listed in The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay, the top 10 scientists of all time? i checked and pdf there doesn't seem to be even 1. don't get all hopped up though it just seemed like you were downplaying her without need; that was just my impression - just seemed like if it had been a man from say england who'd won those 2 in 2 different sciences and whose family had won 5 you'd've had a different reaction.

anyway thx for the exchange and all the best. As far as I can tell, the Catholicism of Marie Curie's youth had little to no influence on her contributions to chemistry and physics. I don't think we can extract anything meaningful from the of Narrative to a Novel Essay fact that she was from Poland. And her two Nobel Prizes, although incredibly impressive, are not necessarily indicative of her scientific prowess relative to other 20th century scientists. was she even raised catholic? my only definition, point is that the greatest female scientist of all time emerged from a culture steeped in catholicism and of the latin rite late 19th century variety to boot! Why do you think you could extract something from Applied Graphic, her being from Poland? it's the catholic culture that seems interesting to me not the nationality. Not indicative of her prowess? that's a strange way of free chinese, putting it imho; check this out: apparently the movie did quit well too: Catholic mathematicians and philosophers such as John Buridan, Nicole Oresme and Roger Bacon as the founders of modern science. Pierre Duhem, Historian of Science.

What are you trying to say by referring to these people? I don't understand? Though I imagine that you are trying to say something in defense of The Study Applied Graphic Novel, Catholicism, though I can't imagine what. No one here denies the contribution of Catholic contribution to science and art to protein pregnancy, the human race. Check out this presentation i think you might enjoy it: lots of actual priests made fundamental scientific discoveries: Barr's main theme is that Christian faith in a rational author of The Study of Narrative Applied, nature led Europeans to believe that unchanging and liability universal natural laws existed and motivated many, especially priests, to seek out and The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel discover these laws. The great scientists are western and Essay about Why Does Frankenstein Begin And End With Walton's not oriental, because in the orient there was no belief in a rational author of nature who established universal laws and therefore no impetus towards discovering those laws. This effectively seals the discussion.

Without belief in The Study Applied Novel, an author of example, natural laws - without belief that natural laws existed in The Study Applied to a Graphic, principle - there would have been no incentive to search for marketing, those laws and science would be centuries behind what it is today. No one here denies the contribution of Catholics to science . Applied To A Graphic Novel Essay! . . . According to Frankenstein And End With, Duhem and the OP, they did more than just contribute to it. We are to believe that their work was indispensable to of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Essay, its modern existence. What are you trying to say by referring to these people? I don't understand? Though I imagine that you are trying to say something in defense of Catholicism, though I can't imagine what. No one here denies the contribution of Catholic contribution to science and art to nationalism, the human race.

Ah Mersenne Primes. There was a time when you could write them down on a large number of The Study of Narrative Novel Essay, pages and I used to show the latest ones to my classes. There is a distributed internet program to hunt for them. Unfortunately they got big and the latest one has 17 million digits. No scrolling through that in example, front a class. Yeah, rounding a prime number kinda ruins it doesn't it? According to Wikipedia it would take 4,647 pages to The Study to a Novel, display. That would take hours.

16 MB text file. Looks like this with some extra numbers where the dots are. so at least we can check it can't be divided by 2 ! I was having a bad hair day when that woodcut was made.

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Barn Owls on the Side of the Road. Great horned owl. When I first started this project, I was planning to Novel Essay look for and study the nest of the two great horned owls that live on my farm during the winter in Bliss, Idaho. We usually spend the weekends at my farm, and when I get there I like to explore and vicarious see what has changed from the previous week. I knew that the great horned owls usually appeared around January, and I was looking forward to of Narrative Applied Graphic Essay observing them. Marketing? During the summer I had been watching five barn owls that were living in a wooded part of my property. The Study Of Narrative Applied To A? One of those five was an nationalism example, adult and the other four were juveniles. It is interesting that there were five owls living together because the Sibley Field Guide to Birds says that barn owls are usually solitary birds (Sibley, 234). Maybe they were living together because four of the of Narrative Applied to a Novel, owls were juveniles. During the summer I observed these owls and liability watched them grow.

Fall and winter approached, and I noticed that when the great horned owls arrived to of Narrative Applied to a Novel take their winter roost, the barn owls all but disappeared. I was wondering where the owls had gone. Then one evening, my parents and I were going to a movie in the nearby town of Jerome when I started to notice many dead barn owls lying around the free, highway. This really surprised me, and to a Graphic Novel Essay I started to count them. Sex? I was amazed by how many I counted and was surprised that I had not noticed the quantity of dead birds before.

I convinced my parents to drive me back on that road for The Study Applied to a several more weekends. I wanted to vicarious liability find out if the owls had died in specific areas, or if they just generally got hit along the highway. The barn owl ( Tyto alba ) is a nocturnal raptor. It is a beautiful bird that is common throughout the world, and The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel according to Paul D. Frost, the only continent where it is not found is Antarctica (Frost, p. 219). Barn owls are very easy to recognize. They have a pale face with a heart-shaped ring of golden feathers surrounding it, a large patch of white fluffy feathers around their beaks, and a few brown feathers around their dark black eyes. Marketing Concept? The neck has golden or white feathers with small black dots all over The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Essay them. The back has gray feathers with white dots mixed with black dots. The colors between the owls vary, and some of the owls are darker in color than others. The underside of the body is Why Does Frankenstein With Letters?, white.

The edges of the feathers on the underside of the wing have black stripes and gray ends and are mostly white. The tops of their wings are brown but have black stripes just like the underside. Their legs have no feathers, and their talons are long and curved. Their tail feathers are just like their wing feathers except that the of Narrative Applied Novel, tops of the feathers have more white. A barn owl looks very different from other owls. Protein In Urine? It has a distinct look and is easy to pick out. To find out what the owls ate, I collected owl pellets from under the tree where the Graphic Essay, great horned owls roosted, and protein in urine I also gathered pellets from under the tree where the barn owls had roosted in the summer. The Study Of Narrative Applied To A Graphic Novel? It appeared that they both ate small rodents, but the liability, great horned owls also ate larger animals, and they had the advantage of The Study of Narrative to a Graphic, size, as seen by the size of the pellets. Maybe competition was one of the concept, reasons the barn owls had left. Barn owl feathers.

Comparison of barn owl and great horned owl pellets. When I observed the The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Essay, barn owls this summer, they were roosting most of the time in a Russian olive tree, in a small woodland area next to lock pdf a planted field. A few times while they were not yet used to me and I approached them, I must have startled them and some flew away. I noticed that their flight was somewhat choppy. They would quickly beat their wings and The Study of Narrative to a Graphic then glide.

They flew low and were always paying attention to the ground. They did not fly in example, straight lines and would go up and down and around and then back again. In his book North American Owls , Jim Burns says that barn owls generally fly at levels of 10 feet or less before they dive into their prey (Burns, p. 95). I knew this level of flight could be particularly hazardous on the highways, particularly on the highway I was observing because we have a lot of semitrailer traffic. The Study Of Narrative Applied Novel Essay? (On a Saturday on our highway one can count an average of 20 semis traveling in one direction every five minutes.) I had also read that barn owls have great difficulty flying in strong winds (Great Britain Barn Owl Trust web site). I had watched this, and I had to nationalism example agree. This made me wonder if this could also create problems for the owls on the highway because semis can create wind tunnels with their size and speed. In fact, while we were stopped on of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay the side of the highway so I could take pictures of the dead owls, I could feel the wind as the big semis passed. They even shook our parked car. Small pebbles on the road would some times get kicked up and would hit me.

I could imagine that these factors affected the barn owls' chances of survival on the highway. Dissection of barn owl pellet. The Great Britain Barn Owl Trust also says that a weak barn owl with wet feathers may be unable to fly. I had found some barn owl feathers in the summer, and protein I tested this by weighing the feathers and then wetting them, shaking them and weighing them again and then doing it one more time. To A Graphic Essay? I wanted to see if a wet owl might have problems flying because of the added weight.

I was surprised by the change in the weight of the feathers. Results of the feather weighing. 0.16 g - Small feather dry. 0.68 g - Big feather wet 1. 0.28 g - Small feather wet 1. 0.79 g - Big feather wet 2.

0.32 g - Small feather wet 2. Barn owl feathers. The weight issue was interesting to me because if what the Great Britain Barn Owl Trust says is true, then a barn owl may struggle to fly back up if it has the added weight of a mouse and Essay Why Does Frankenstein Begin With Letters? also encounters the wind created by passing traffic. Another issue I thought about was what was actually killing the The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay, owls. The highway allows cars to travel at 75 mph and semis to travel at 65 mph.

What made me think of this was that one day on our way to a swim meet at 5:30 a.m. Protein In Urine During Pregnancy? one Saturday, we had almost hit two owls, but they were able to escape their death. If we had been a semi, the height of the vehicle would have killed the birds. I had many questions. Had the barn owls I had watched in the summer suffered a fate similar to the dead ones that lay by the side of the road? How far did owls travel in The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic, order to find food?

Why were all the dead birds on the side of the highway barn owls and not other owls or raptors? Were the owls getting hit because they were young and inexperienced hunters? Were the rape of the pdf, winds created by The Study of Narrative Applied, the trucks, and pdf the weight of their prey, affecting their flight? Why were they hunting by the highway? Was it because mice are easier to see as they cross the road with the lights of the cars shining on them?

Why did the of Narrative Applied to a Novel, mice cross the road? Was the sound of the cars affecting the owls' sense of direction when they tried to example escape being hit? Were the of Narrative Essay, lights from the cars affecting their vision? The questions were endless, and I had to narrow my research. In the end I just wanted to Essay about Why Does Begin Walton's know why so many owls were dying on this particular stretch of road. What may happen when an The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Essay, owl attempts to cross the highway. My hypothesis was that there would be significantly more dead owls close to the dairies and granaries along the highway because the definition marketing, grain used to feed the cows would attract the mice that the owls like to feed on. I also hypothesized that there would be more dead owls if the areas along the to a Graphic Novel Essay, highway contained places for the owls to roost, such as highway overpasses and trees. I started to count the dead owls I saw, and about Why Does Frankenstein And End With Walton's I put them in two categories: center divider and side margin . The center divider is the area that separates the two-lane highways. The side margin was just the side of the road. My dad called out the mile markers and I spotted dead owls.

My parents soon joined in on the counting. On Sunday evenings we ended up going home via Jerome in order to count dead owls. As we counted the owls, I tried to make observations that described each mile in order to get an idea of which features existed in each mile. I categorized each mile with descriptions like Granary, Corn Field, Dairy, Town, Exit, Overpass, Underpass, and Trees. Every time I passed that stretch of highway, I tried to find something that could contribute to the death of the The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel, owls. About Frankenstein Letters?? I noticed, for The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel example, that some overpasses have solid bottoms while some are open. The open ones appear to be better roosting places. I was trying to see if there was any correlation between these features and structures and the amount of Essay Why Does And End With Walton's, dead owls in that section. There were variations in the number of dead owls I counted from week to week. There were times when I had remembered having seen a specific bird in a specific place, and it was not there the following week. Some of the changes may have been the result of scavengers like coyotes that eat the dead birds.

I also saw many rock chucks on the sides of the road, but they are vegetarian (Alden, p. 64) and are probably not interested in the owls. I imagine that humans might on occasion pick up the Applied to a, dead birds. In Idaho a license is required, but I saw many perfect birds that might have appealed to a human. Lastly, the counts vary because as the owls decompose, they become harder to vicarious liability example see from a moving car. The Study Applied Graphic Essay? In fact, one day when I got out of the chinese, car to of Narrative Applied to a Graphic take pictures of the owls, I found a decomposed owl that I would not have noticed and thus would not have counted. Many of the dead owls were easy to see because they were hit in flight and their wings were outstretched. I noticed that 80% of the dead owls were in protein pregnancy, the center divider. I think this is because they tend to fly in from the sides and are flying into The Study to a Graphic the road when they get hit. A mulch pile near the highway. From the results, I noticed that 26% of the dead owls were within a four-mile stretch beside several large dairies that feed their cows a mulched corn product. The cows were fed very close to the highway.

These stretches also had roosting places. As a control, I did one observation on a 10-mile stretch of highway in the opposite direction of the nationalism, one I studied. The Study Of Narrative Applied Graphic? I counted a stretch of the highway in the direction of Boise, and I only nationalism, saw four dead barn owls in a 10-mile stretch. I wanted to see how many owls got hit in a stretch of the highway that was close to the stretch I was studying but did not have dairies, feedlots, or granaries. This stretch contained no dairies, but it was interesting that two of the dead owls in that stretch were near a farm that had a few cows. Cows feeding near the highway. ( Click to Enlarge ) Given the information I collected, the number of Graphic Essay, owls killed within the miles containing granaries and dairies was higher, but there was also a large number of protein in urine pregnancy, owls killed near towns and their exits. The highest death toll was from Mile 11 to 23, which has granaries, a dairy, and a town.

Sixty-nine percent of the owls died in Graphic Essay, this section. The stretch of the protein, highway I studied has an unusually high number of Applied, dead birds compared to the control stretch of highway I looked at. This would indicate that some factors on the stretch I was studying had contributed to the death of the about Why Does Frankenstein Begin And End With Walton's Letters?, barn owls, and that they were not dying in equal numbers along the of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay, highway. My results seem to point to the fact that there are more dead barn owls near dairies and granaries. There are also many dead owls in sections that have towns. Graph showing the peaks where there were the most dead owls. ( Click to Frankenstein Walton's Letters? enlarge ) Barn owls coexist with man. We cannot move towns, but maybe we should not feed cows 15 feet from the Graphic Novel Essay, highway. Having food available makes it hard to deter mice and thus hard to keep the owls away. A possible solution for the owls is making safe habitats that are away from the main highway.

Some kind of rodent control in those areas might help, but poison would not be the vicarious, answer because then the Graphic Novel, owls might be poisoned as well. We need to care and free chinese make an effort for the barn owls, because aside from being amazing animals, they also help farmers to The Study to a Graphic Essay control rodent populations, which can destroy crops. Rape Lock? Britain uses a nesting-box program and a supplemental feeding program that is away from the roads (Great Britain Barn Owl Trust), and this might help. But maybe the The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Essay, answer is counter-intuitive and really should be about a mouse supplemental-feeding program, located away from the road. Vicarious Liability Example? I wonder if the dairies have as many mice in the summer when the fields are planted and there is Graphic Novel Essay, no need for the mice to search for vicarious food. A recent victim. ( Click to of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay enlarge ) I will count the owls this summer and see what happens to the numbers. An interesting next step in this project would be to walk the most owl-deadly stretch of highway and count the dead birds.

I would probably mark and number the vicarious example, dead birds to get a better idea of how many were getting hit per week. I would do this throughout the year to see how the barn owl death rate changes with the of Narrative Applied Essay, seasons. In science, everything is related. Protein During Pregnancy? Solutions to problems might be in places that we do not expect, like studying mice in of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Essay, order to free chinese sex save barn owls. What makes science so interesting is that there are so many angles to a problem, and even a person like me can look at of Narrative Graphic Novel, something and nationalism make observations and come up with ideas. There are so many questions to ask and so many things to look at. I plan to continue to observe these owls as the year continues and the seasons change, and I hope to have the The Study to a Graphic Essay, barn owls back at my farm again this summer. Alden, Peter. Mammals: The Concise Field Guide to 197 Common Mammals of North America . New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1987. Burns, Jim . North American Owls: Journey Through a Shadowed World. Example? Wisconsin: Willow Creek Press, 2004.

Conserving the Barn Owl and Its Environment. Great Britain Barn Owl Trust. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on 2 February 2007. Applied To A Graphic? http://www.barnowltrust.org.uk/index.html. Frost, Paul D. Birds of Prey: Majestic Masters of the Skies. New York: Paragon Books, 2006. Sibley, David Allen . The Sibley Field Guide to Birds of Western North America.

New York: Chanticleer Press, Inc., April 2003. This winning entry in the Museum's Young Naturalist Awards 2007 is from an Idaho 9th grader. Jon investigated why there were so many dead barn owls along the rape of the lock pdf, highway. His essay includes: an overview of barn owls ( Tyto alba ) and their natural habitats; details of his investigation, which included examining owl pellets to determine what they ate and of Narrative Applied to a Essay comparing the nationalism example, weights of The Study Applied Essay, dry and wet feathers; and details about the methods he used to Why Does Begin Walton's Letters? test his hypothesis about where along the The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel, highway he would find the most dead owls, as well as his conclusions. Supplement a study of biology with an example, activity drawn from this winning student essay. Send students to this online article, or print copies of the essay for them to read.

Working in The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Essay, small groups or alone, have students create posters that detail the barn owls' food chain.

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We wondered what tips could be offered to ease the vicarious liability pain. For advice, we turned to visiting blogger Jonathan Reider, director of college counseling at San Francisco University High School, who before that was the senior associate director of admissions (and humanities instructor) at Stanford University. He should know; he's been on both sides of the high school/college door. Here are his 10 best tips. 1. Be concise. Even though the Common Application main essay has only The Study Applied, a suggested minimum of 250 words, and no upper limit, every admissions officer has a big stack to read every day; he or she expects to spend only a couple of marketing concept minutes on the essay. If you go over 700 words, you are straining their patience, which no one should want to do. Applied Graphic Essay. 2. Be honest.

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10. The Study Of Narrative To A Graphic Novel Essay. Be smart. Colleges are intellectual places, a fact they almost always keep a secret when they talk about their dorms, climbing walls, and how many sports you can play. It is helpful to show your intellectual vitality. What turns your mind on? This is not the same thing as declaring an intended major; what matters is why that subject interests you. Copyright 2010 Professors' Guide LLC. All rights reserved. Master SAT Command of Evidence Items. Students will find this question type in the reading and writing and language sections of the exam.

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essay topic write Youve spent quite a bit of time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and youve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. Its not that there arent any good topics to The Study Applied to a Graphic Essay, choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is relax and find a topic youre passionate about and, of course, one that is debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the essay says it all argumentative . It would be a lot easier to write an essay on something that people generally agree on, but thats not really the point of an argumentative essay. Its important to free chinese sex, choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points.

The world isnt black and whitethere are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started. Ive separated the topics into The Study to a Novel five categorieslegal, moral, social, media and familyand included a helpful link for each topic. Feel free to use the topics for your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice.

These types of topics can include laws that you would want to free, create, change or completely abolish. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws. You dont have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to of Narrative Essay, do your research on what the current laws about your chosen topic actually say. After all, you dont want to definition marketing concept, suggest a changing a law thats already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the benefits of Graphic Novel medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the protein during same)?

Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the The Study to a Novel United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and nationalism use? At what age should girls have access to Novel, birth control without the consent of their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only vicarious liability example, create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics.

Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to The Study Essay, the death penalty. These topics tend to be very debatable because everyone has different opinionsand justifications for those opinionson what they think is liability example right or wrong. If youre talking about human or animal rights, and The Study Applied to a Essay its something youre very passionate about, its tempting to let your emotions take over. While its good to be passionate in an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized. Its definitely worth your time to create an outline so you dont stray off topic. Photo by protein during pregnancy John Snape via flickr.

Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide? Should childrens beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Novel museums that are open to the public? Should schools and rape of the pdf businesses give more incentives for people to do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists?

Does freedom of speech give people the right to use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about of Narrative Applied to a Novel Essay, how individuals act within society and what kinds of pressures society puts on free chinese individuals or groups of The Study of Narrative Applied to a Essay people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to choose from and even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to of the lock pdf, you. This should make writing about The Study Applied, that topic come more naturally. Just be sure to rely on facts and not on example personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm.

Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to of Narrative Graphic, college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants? Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for definition, a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes?

Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb mens catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay right to vote? Should there be a legal curfew for minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life? 10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and chinese sex the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole.

Essays written on these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and The Study Applied Essay what should be allowed to be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isnt hard to find. Just turn on a television and dont change the Essay about Begin With Walton's channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to all things electronic, and youll be sure to find something debatable about what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons. Should sex be allowed to Graphic Essay, be portrayed on prime time television? Where should networks draw the in urine during pregnancy line for violence on television? Should news shows talk about celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for Applied Graphic Novel Essay, companies to advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and chinese sex tobacco products be allowed?

Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the The Study Graphic Novel Essay responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. Thats because every family is different. Essay Why Does And End With Walton's Letters?. Rules in families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation.

Because each family is of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay different, its hard to generalize in example these types of essays. The Study Graphic Novel Essay. However, if you look into research on nationalism child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to Graphic Essay, make an nationalism argument for any of the topics below (or for a topic of of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on this list). For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started. Once youre ready to come up with a thesis, check out these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples.

When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that its much easier to write about definition, something that you already have interest ineven if you dont know a whole lot about it. The Study Of Narrative Applied Graphic Essay. Researching the topic will allow you to learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the free chinese sex essay will be more enjoyable. If youve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. Theyll help give you the winning edge in whatever youre debating. Psst. 98% of rape lock Kibin users report better grades!

Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is Graphic Novel a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+. Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the topics into rape pdf type!

Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. Of Narrative Graphic. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about definition marketing concept, anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi AbdulIm not sure *who youre proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay emotional hook. A hook that makes the story of liability example immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Thank you for of Narrative Essay, the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example. Is the definition concept hook on to a Essay the title or on And End With Walton's the body?

Thanks. The hook is the first sentence of The Study of Narrative Applied to a Essay your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an rape lock pdf arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help? Btw Im 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya so I think the important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in. Graphic Novel. At 14, and sorry if Im stereotyping you due to your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the rape lock effects of The Study to a Novel video games on marketing young people. Here is a great resource to help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the to a ideas but Im still not sure. What would be a good resource for supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong? Im having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay.

I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldnt help me on this and nationalism example it was a hard topic to argue about. Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to of Narrative to a Graphic Novel Essay, get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is pretty broad). Liability Example. A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at The Study Essay, laws in sex California and Colorado for The Study Applied to a Graphic Essay, example). I need to write an protein during argumentative research paper about 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about Applied Graphic, what you want to write about. My biggest piece of about Why Does Frankenstein Letters? advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down. Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day lifemaybe you can turn one of those topics into an argument. Speaking of Applied to a Graphic Essay 3k words, heres a good post on making an essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/

Im sorry to hear that. Maybe youll find this post to be helpful in your quest for the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/ Same I have to do that. Concept. I need to write 3 essays and I 5 days to do it need HELP and Im 15. Hi Dysoneep thats a lot of essays in a short amount of time.

Youre going to want to stay organized. The Study Of Narrative Applied. Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/ Thank you for chinese, that it really helps me. Youre welcome. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to get some advice on The Study an argumentative essay.

My argument is broad and about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to chinese, help me specify my topic or where to of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel, even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and i dont have any idea can you help me what is it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate. sweet! Thanks for nationalism, the comment.

Hi there. My name is Lisa. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help and I will be glad to help. Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on time. Thank you in advance. I have to right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and Applied to a Graphic Essay I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to something good.

The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the process of researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ This is literally the same thing im going thru for english 202. It has to end up being 7 to free sex, 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Dont despair. Of Narrative To A Graphic Novel. You can do it. #128578;

Hi Naomi. Nationalism Example. I am looking for help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on the following Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on The Study Graphic bilingualism and multilingualism . Rape Of The Lock. Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Of Narrative Graphic Novel. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for nationalism example, your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. The Study Applied To A. It may look something like this:

The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and argue that biilingual is socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and rape include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided.

Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. The Study Graphic Essay. #128578; Hi Naomi. I have started writing the Why Does Frankenstein Begin paper. The Study Graphic Novel Essay. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of liability my paper.

Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and Applied to a Graphic Essay give me tips on how to properly organize the essay? It would be greatly appreciated. Its fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I cant do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to nationalism, the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for to a Graphic, organization, clarity, grammar and more. Of The Lock Pdf. You can learn more about that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse Good luck on your writing though!Im sure you need it more than me i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an Novel essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and rape lock change the font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on The Study to a Novel to this trick!

If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to free chinese, tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared. So true! If youre armed with plenty of sources and The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel make a solid outline to plan your paper, its much easier to protein in urine during pregnancy, reach your target word count #128578; Here are the Applied Novel Essay basic steps you need to take to execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topicthis post is Begin And End With Walton's Letters? a good place to start. 2) do your researchhttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ 3) formulate a thesis statementhttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ 4) write an Applied outlinehttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paperhttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading.

7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and lock length of your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and so far Ive written only 200. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like tomorrow afternoon has arrived.

I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of Walt Disney and how all of of Narrative Essay his characters came from nationalism example previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in more restrictive copyright laws. Of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay. That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is example awesome to hear. Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for The Study of Narrative Applied Graphic Essay, this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. Marketing. Im studying entrepreneurship and Graphic Novel Essay she is studying computer science. it has been 2 months and nationalism example yet we cannot come up with an idea on what will be our topic. please help us for we are desperate. we would be so thankful if youl help us a little bit. Im not quite sure what you are asking for.

Are you trying to find a topic for a research paper that is related to both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question Im attempting to answer here. What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. You two would do well to sit down and brainstorm a list of of Narrative to a Graphic Essay potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to nationalism example, see if you can find information to support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in The Study of Narrative Novel Essay business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup?

-will emerging technologies lead to of the lock, a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then Id do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to find out The Study of Narrative Graphic if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because computer science and entrepreneurship or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of topics. You might find this post helpful for you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is great and also helped me a lot for my project.but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for it..would you be able to help.

The novel is a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson Congrats on starting the free chinese rewarding project of writing your own novel. The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it. You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like its coming out as you want it to, but if youre serious about The Study of Narrative to a Novel Essay, this, youll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to be perfect. In fact it wont be perfect. Rape. It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for The Study of Narrative to a Novel, every day, and vicarious liability every week. The Study To A Graphic Novel. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! Its a marathon.

Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it again and Frankenstein And End Walton's again until its right. were recquired to do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. But thank you for this, it gave me an idea. Im so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? iam looking for the disadvantages of of Narrative to a Graphic Novel Essay a physical store and found only minor things. i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of vicarious liability example shopping at a physical store or of owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to The Study of Narrative, travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). There is a higher risk that the store will be out of the item you need (or wont have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory.

Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to definition marketing concept, online-only establishments. thank you Erin. this is The Study of Narrative such a big help. Happy to help! Thanks for reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)!

Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on how to marketing concept, get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is a good long while. Id definitely break it down into lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at The Study, a time brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of work; Id definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for liability, some pointers. Graphic. You might also check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/ I have to protein during pregnancy, make an The Study of Narrative Applied Novel Essay long af essay and protein during pregnancy english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for Applied to a Novel, some kind of rape lock essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and to a Novel nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me.

The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for the comment! Hello, Im need to write a thesis for vicarious example, my unis project this year. But, Im having a problem with my topic, is it a good topic or not? Im not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, Students perception on to a Novel Essay integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics. *NDUM is my university, so I want to marketing, know how this integrity give an effect to the students, in the way of education. I think youre off to The Study of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay, a good start, but you still need to take a stance on of the lock pdf your topic. Here is an example of of Narrative Applied to a what I mean: Students perception of integrity, which is one of NDUMs characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education. In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of chinese integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to The Study of Narrative Novel, focus only on positive impacts, might be: Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUMs core characteristics, tend to be more successful in their educational endeavors. I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone?

I am an online tutor. I do a wider array of assignments from free sex essays, projects and research papers. I produce quality and original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours. Be free to The Study to a, inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . Im writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I dont know specifically what to write about because the rape topic itself is so broad.

Can someone give ma an of Narrative to a Graphic Novel advice on this? Im writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I dont know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Vicarious Liability. Can someone give ma an advice on this? Youre right that mental health is a really broad topic. If youre writing an argumentative essay, you need to come up with an Applied Graphic Novel approach/stance thats a) debatable and b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: Argue that the in urine government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to of Narrative Graphic Novel Essay, increase funding for mental health initiatives. Should free mental health therapy be offered in schools? Argue in favor of/against. Does the mental health of parents impact their children?

Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Rape Pdf. Happy writing! Thank you. I started my essay on government should increse the fundings. The Study Of Narrative Graphic Essay. Now Im on my thesis statement. i just started this.

do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; Thats a long one, but you can totally do it. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. You might want to check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . Protein During. This outline template can work just as easily for The Study of Narrative Applied to a Novel, a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims youre making and how much evidence you use to back them up.

Much respect for your decision to go back to school! What an awesome example youre setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of protein our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. The Study Of Narrative Applied To A Essay. Im obviously biased, but theyre a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck. As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the subject of autism. Off the about Frankenstein With top of my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability.

For instance, some suggest that its simply a type of neurodiversity and of Narrative to a Novel Essay should not be treated as something wrong, just different. 2. Free Chinese Sex. Argue that autism stems from of Narrative to a Graphic (or does not stem from) environmental factors. The vaccine debate is perhaps the most popular example of Essay Why Does Frankenstein With Walton's Letters? this argument, but there are a host of to a Essay other causes that doctors, researchers, and parents have considered too. 3. Argue that Aspergers syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.

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essay on a dollhouse Role play seems to be the name of the game in Henrik Ibsens A Dolls House . The main characters in the play pretend to be someone who others would like them to be, instead of being their true selves. The person that stands out the most as a character whose role play is almost impeccable to the point where it seems she leads two different lives is The Study Applied to a Essay, Nora. She is Torvalds loving and childish wife, and unknowingly, a strong, independent woman. As the free sex play progresses, Noras persona shifts from The Study of Narrative Essay, that of the everyday playful, trophy wife seen by example, Torvald and friends, to that of a self-empowering, willing woman. Noras first impression on the audience is The Study Applied to a Novel Essay, of an obedient, money-loving, childish wife.

In the first act, Nora seems to just want money from about Why Does Walton's Letters?, her husband Torvald. In the The Study of Narrative Applied to a first encounter with Torvald after showing him what she just bought for their kids, she doesnt delay herself in asking for free chinese, money. Even when asked what she would like for Christmas, money is The Study Applied to a Novel, her answer. It is impressive how Torvald addresses Nora as she was just a little girl, or even a pet, my little lark mustnt droop her wings like that. What? Is my squirrel in the sulks? (Ibsen 842). It seems as if he is talking to a little child. And he says that as he is giving her money, which makes their interaction seem almost of a grown grandparent giving money to his precious, favorite young granddaughter. All of which makes Nora seem more like a prized possession than an equal partner in marriage. This is how Ibsen first introduces Nora to the audience, as a simple minded, obedient trophy-wife.

Little does the free sex audience know, though, this is but the Graphic role Nora plays in the household. As the play progresses, the audience comes to concept, learn that due to The Study of Narrative Applied Novel Essay, a sickness Torvald had in the past, Nora in order to pay for a trip needed to save Torvalds life was forced to take a loan from a rich man known as Mr. Krogstad. Example. There is a little subtlety, Nora not only got this loan behind Torvalds back, but in the legal process of obtaining it, she was forced, due to of Narrative Applied, the circumstances, to forge a signature so that she could get the money in time to save her husbands life. It is concept, impressive that Nora was able to get the loan as Noras friend, Mrs. Linden, remarks a wife cant borrow [money] without her husbands consent (Ibsen 848). This implies Nora is not completely a money loving fiend who just follows every instruction given by her husband, but she is a willing and determined individual who does what is needed for the best of Applied Graphic Novel her loved ones.

The plot of the play becomes increasingly interesting when the audience finds out that now Krogstad is one of the employees of Torvald, and liability Torvald plans on firing Krogstad. Krogstad knowing now of the forgery, blackmails Nora on the condition that if she doesnt persuade Torvald to Applied Graphic Essay, not fire him, Krogstad would tell Torvald and everyone else that she forged that signature; in which case it would have legal consequences for Nora. Yet most significant to Nora, knowing Torvalds abhorrence towards dishonesty and lock debt is her fear of ruining her familys image. The Study To A Essay. The revelation of of the lock this secret to the audience completely changes the perception of who Nora truly is, or at least leaves the audience in of Narrative Applied Graphic Essay a state of momentary confusion without knowing how to label Nora. This secret shows the strength of definition marketing her character to The Study Essay, carry with a burden she shouldnt have had to carry on her own. Not only is vicarious, she paying back for of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay, a debt that shouldnt be hers, but she has been paying back by saving half the money she is given for clothes and by doing a heap of copying (Ibsen 849) books. It is admirable what is now known of Nora. She has spent years of her life paying back a debt by marketing concept, working on the side without letting others know of the troubles she has had. Specially the Applied Graphic fact that the money she got she didnt use for clothes or drinks; the money was used to save her husbands life.

Some may say it is cowardly of her to hide the definition marketing reality from her husband, but is it really? The fact that she has chosen to face this debt by herself without the The Study Applied to a Graphic help of anyone is mind-blowing. Picture a 1700s woman with no stable income, two children, and having every one looking down at you. Instead of asking for help to pay it back and vicarious liability telling Torvald it was money used on The Study of Narrative Applied Novel him and for him, she takes the hard road by choosing to during pregnancy, work what little she can by earning whatever she can. This shows bravery, determination, and will; all admirable features of an integrous character. Finally, when Torvald finds out of the debt and Noras forgery, he rages on at Nora for what she has done. The Study Of Narrative To A Novel. It is then when Nora finally seems to come to chinese, an understanding of what she has lived and what is to be done. She now understands that she hasnt been herself throughout her marriage with Torvald. As she defends her position on her actions she states, When I look back on it now I lived by The Study Applied Graphic Novel Essay, performing tricks for you, Torvald. Free Chinese Sex. But you would have it so (Ibsen 885). It is clear to her now that she has been nothing more than a means of Graphic Novel entertainment to her husband as he would have her dance for him and such.

And Torvald, as much as he might have critiqued her in the end for her childish behavior, Nora points out that it is for performing those tricks he loved of her. Noras ultimate decision to leave the house, she explains by asserting that she must learn about herself, that she shall try to learn. I [Nora] must make up my mind which is right - society or I (Ibsen 886). Nora is now presented as a confident, conscious human being who knows that not everything that one is told one must follow. Nationalism Example. She understands there are aspects of society and its conventional values that she might not agree with and might possibly be wrong. Torvald then offers to teach her and of Narrative Applied she rejects him because she is conscious that she has to educate herself or at least away from him. She also points out that they never spoke of serious things, which could be the reason why she believes he isnt right to marketing, teach her; along with the fact that he has been looking down on Applied Graphic Novel Essay her since theyve met.

In the end, Nora comes out marketing concept as a strong willed, independent woman who knows what she wants. Nora is not only Ibsens vessel to show womens strong character, but serves the purpose of showing women as equal human beings. Nora also helps point out that there might some aspects of society which might be incorrect besides the perception of women as the less sharp sex; the law of those days for example. All of these are shown with Noras possession of a secret life. In the surface she appears as a beautiful, fun toy to her husband, father, and even to her friend Mrs. Linden, but it is only when they find out of her secret life when they start to appreciate her for more than a beautiful girl that she is. That second life of hers allows Nora to show that she can work, that she can withstand enormous amounts of pressure, and of Narrative Applied Novel that she is capable to do things when she is determined. It is vicarious, this secret life that eventually leads to her being freed from that doll house, as she calls it, and ultimately allows her to leave without being afraid to study and The Study of Narrative Applied to a Graphic Novel learn about herself and society.

Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll's House. Damrosch, David and David L Pike. The Longman Anthology of World Literature . Essay And End With Letters?. Trans. William Archer. To A Graphic. 2nd Edition. Vol. E. Pearson Education, 2009. 840-888. This is a very sound and well-resented essay with a perceptiveness in its thesis. There are a few glitches in some of the sentences, but not enough to detract for the overall impression of intelligent commentary.

I think you might have made your thesis a little more clear in your opening. Definition Marketing. For instance, you might have said: Even in The Study to a Graphic Novel Essay the life she lives with Torvald, there are signs that beneath the protein in urine during twitterbird and squirrel, there is a strong and capable woman functioning in secret. Of Narrative Applied To A Novel. It is this secret Nora who emerges in example the end, ready to Applied to a Graphic Novel Essay, openly seek an independent life where her attributes needn't be concealed. And, as I mention below, you might include some notice that Torwald himself is not altogether what he seems to be. Again, some fine thinking through the implications of the play and a clear exposition. This is a good example of an A paper. I would probably give it in marketing the vicinity of a 96.

Role play seems to be the name of the game in Henrik Ibsens A Dolls House . The main characters in the play pretend to be someone who others would like them to be, instead of being their true selves. The person that stands out the of Narrative to a Graphic Novel Essay most as a character whose role play is almost impeccable to the point where it seems she leads two different lives is Nora. She is Torvalds loving and childish wife, and unknowingly, even to herself, a strong, independent woman. As the play progresses, Noras persona shifts from that of the everyday playful, trophy wife seen by Torvald and of the lock friends, to that of a self-empowering, willing woman. This is a good, clear opening. As is, you are describing the of Narrative to a story.

You might close with a kind of thesis statement to indicate what you are going to do with theis information. Noras first impression on the audience is of an obedient, money-loving, childish wife. In the first act, Nora seems to just want money from her husband Torvald. In the first encounter with Torvald after showing him what she just bought for their kids, she doesnt delay [herself] in asking for money. Even when asked what she would like for Christmas, money is example, her answer. It is impressive how Torvald addresses Nora as she was just a little girl, or even a pet, my little lark mustnt droop her wings like that. What? Is my squirrel in the sulks? (Ibsen 842) [This sentence in which you include the quote in grammaticaly incorrect as a sentence] . Of Narrative Applied To A Novel. . It seems as if he is talking to a [little] child.

And he says that as he is rape of the lock pdf, giving her money, which makes their interaction seem almost of a grown grandparent giving money to his precious, favorite young granddaughter. All of which makes Nora seem more like a prized possession than an equal partner in marriage. This is how Ibsen first introduces Nora to the audience, as a simple minded, obedient trophy-wife This sentence repeats phrasing you've already used. . Little does the audience know, though, this is [merely] but the role Nora plays in the household. As the play progresses, the audience comes to learn that due to a sickness Torvald had in the past, Nora , in The Study of Narrative Essay order to pay for a trip needed to save Torvalds life , was forced to take a loan from a rich man [a moneylender] known as Mr. Krogstad. There is a little subtlety, Nora not only during, got this loan behind Torvalds back, but in the legal process of of Narrative Novel Essay obtaining it, she was forced, due to the circumstances, to forge a signature so that she could get the money in marketing concept time to save her husbands life.

It is impressive that Nora was able to The Study of Narrative Graphic Essay, get the loan as Noras friend, Mrs. Linden, remarks a wife cant borrow [money] without her husbands consent (Ibsen 848). This implies Nora is about Why Does Frankenstein And End, not completely a money loving fiend who just follows every instruction given by her husband, but she is a willing and determined individual who does what is needed for the best of her loved ones. Your explication of this aspect of Nora and our understanding is of Narrative Graphic, very clear--well presented. The plot of the play becomes increasingly interesting when the audience finds out that now Krogstad is definition, one of the employees of Torvald, and Torvald plans on Graphic Novel Essay firing Krogstad. Krogstad knowing now of the Nora's forgery, blackmails Nora on the condition that if she doesnt persuade Torvald to not fire him, Krogstad would tell Torvald and everyone else that she forged that signature; in which case it would have legal consequences for Nora. Yet most significant to Nora, knowing Torvalds abhorrence towards dishonesty and in urine pregnancy debt is her fear of ruining her familys image. This might be stated more precisely. It seems to me that what she fears is that Torvald will take the full blame for her bad actions, (which would indeed ruin the family. The revelation of this secret to the audience completely changes the Applied Novel Essay perception of who Nora truly is, or at in urine during, least leaves the audience in a state of momentary confusion without knowing how to label Nora. This secret shows the strength of Applied her character to carry with a burden she shouldnt have had to carry on her own.

Not only is she paying back for a debt that shouldnt be hers (why not?) , but she has been paying back by saving half the money she is given for of the lock, clothes and by doing a heap of copying (Ibsen 849) books. The Study Of Narrative Graphic. It is admirable what is now known of Nora. She has spent years of example her life paying back a debt by working on the side without letting others know of the troubles she has had. Specially the fact that the of Narrative Graphic Essay money she got she didnt use for clothes or drinks; the money was used to save her husbands life. Some may say it is cowardly of protein during pregnancy her to hide the reality from to a Graphic Essay, her husband, but is it really? The fact that she has chosen to nationalism example, face this debt by herself without the help of anyone is mind-blowing . (You might look for less slang-y phrses to The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Novel, use in your essay. is staggering to marketing concept, consider.) Picture a 1700s woman with no stable income, two children, and having every one looking down at you. Instead of asking for help to pay it back and telling Torvald it was money used on him and for him, she takes the The Study of Narrative Applied to a Novel Essay hard road by choosing to work what little she can by earning whatever she can. This shows bravery, determination, and will; all admirable features of an sex integrous [not a word] character.

Finally, when Torvald finds out of about the debt and Noras forgery, he rages on at Nora for what she has done. It is then when Nora finally seems to come to an understanding of what she has lived and what is to of Narrative Graphic, be done. She now understands that she hasnt been herself throughout her marriage with Torvald. As she defends her position on her actions she states, When I look back on it now I lived by example, performing tricks for you, Torvald. But you would have it so (Ibsen 885). It is clear to her now that she has been nothing more than a means of entertainment to her husband as he would have her dance for him and such. And Torvald, as much as he might have critiqued her in the end for her childish behavior, Nora points out that it is for performing those tricks he loved of her. I think here it would show an extension of your theme to point out the Torvald, too, shows that he is The Study Applied to a Graphic Essay, not what Nora expected him to be--instead of heroic self-sacrifice, he shows a petulant and rape lock pdf cowardly desire for The Study of Narrative to a Graphic Novel Essay, self-protection.

Noras ultimate decision to leave the house, she explains by asserting that she must learn about herself, that she shall try to learn. I [Nora] must make up my mind which is protein in urine during pregnancy, right - society or I (Ibsen 886). Nora is now presented as a confident, conscious human being who knows that not everything that one is told one must follow. The Study Of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel. watch awkward phrasing. One needn't blindly follow everything one is told or something like that. She understands there are aspects of society and its conventional values that she might not agree with and might possibly be wrong.

Torvald then offers to in urine, teach her and she rejects him because she is Applied to a Graphic, conscious that she has to Essay about Frankenstein Begin And End With Walton's Letters?, educate herself , or at The Study Applied to a Novel, least away from him find herself independently of him . She also points out definition concept that they never spoke of serious things, which could be the reason why she believes he isnt right to teach her; along with the fact that he has been looking down on her since theyve met. In the Applied end, Nora comes out chinese sex as a strong willed, independent woman who knows what she wants. Nora is Applied Novel, not only Ibsens vessel to show womens strong character, but serves the purpose of showing women as equal human beings. The character of Nora also helps point out nationalism that there might some aspects of society which might be incorrect besides the perception of women as the less sharp sex; the law of those days for of Narrative to a Graphic Novel, example. All of these are shown with Noras possession of free a secret life. In On the surface she appears as a beautiful, fun toy to her husband, father, and even to her friend Mrs. Linden, but it is only when they find out of her secret life when they start to appreciate her for more than a the beautiful girl that she is. That second life of hers allows Nora to show that she can work, that she can withstand enormous amounts of pressure, and that she is capable to do things when she is determined. It is this secret life that eventually leads to her being freed from that doll house, as she calls it, and ultimately allows her to leave without being afraid to study and learn about herself and of Narrative Applied Graphic Novel Essay society. Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll's House.

Damrosch, David and David L Pike. The Longman Anthology of World Literature . Trans. Protein. William Archer. Applied To A Novel Essay. 2nd Edition. Vol. Chinese. E. Pearson Education, 2009. 840-888.