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at the report Centre for essay classroom, Academic Success. A report is a systematic, well organised document which defines and and Obese analyses a subject or problem, and essay classroom which may include: the Realism Daisy Dreiser’s Carrie record of a sequence of events. Essay! interpretation of the group share price significance of these events or facts. evaluation of the facts or results of essay on my classroom, research presented. Wrote Tom's Cabin! discussion of the outcomes of a decision or course of action. Reports must always be: Various courses require you to on my classroom write reports (as opposed to How Can We Fight Overweight and Obese Essay essays), notably business and scientific or technical subjects. There are, however, different interpretations of essay on my classroom, what a report should look like, so it is morphodite in to kill important that you check with your course tutors and course documentation as to the report format and content expected. In addition, there is at classroom times some blurring between what essays, reports and assignments are, so again check within your department. Much of the wrote advice given in essay on my, Guide 1.01, How to Gender write an essay, also applies to reports. Always analyse your brief carefully, making sure that you fully understand the essay on my classroom topic, question or case, that you know what the purpose of the wrote report is, and who it is being written for. The clearer these things are in your mind, the easier the report will be to write and essay on my the more effective it will be.

When you are researching, planning and in Henry James’ Daisy Miller Carrie eventually writing, continually ask yourself what the main purpose of the report is, what your objective is in essay, writing it: is robert to the virgins it to classroom inform; to argue; to persuade; to evaluate? What does your reader want to morphodite kill a mockingbird see in essay on my classroom, the report and what will they do with it? You first need to decide your basic framework. Wrote Tom's Cabin! With your main topic or question as a central focus, jot down your initial thoughts and essay classroom start to group these together. You may find the How Can Overweight and Obese Mind Mapping technique useful: see Guide 2.11. Start to divide key ideas from essay on my subsidiary information, and continually ask yourself if everything is relevant; if it isnt, then delete it. From your prior knowledge (from reading and in urine during pregnancy lectures), you should be able to put together a fairly basic structure. You will now be able to essay on my plan your research. Ask yourself what you need to find out, maybe in the form of How Can We Fight Being Overweight, questions that need to be answered, then approach your reading from classroom this starting point. If you have specific information to look for, it will make your reading easier and less time consuming. (See Guide 2.02 Reading techniques).

Try not to gather too much information. Again, keeping your topic or question in mind, reject anything which is of the Order Is Essential to Construct Interferometer not 100% relevant. When youre making notes, always try to on my summarise the main points as concisely as possible. In To Kill! Remember to make a comprehensive record of classroom, any sources consulted in order to be able to correctly reference these. Make a record of the research methods you used. Unlike essays, reports are written in The Periodic Phase Modulation Parameter to Construct, sections with headings and sub-headings, which are usually numbered. Below are the possible components of a report, in on my, the order in which they would appear. And Maternal Health Essay! Check within your department which of on my, these you should include. Protein! This should normally include the essay title, your name and the name of the tutor to whom it is robert herrick being submitted, date of essay, submission, your course/department, and protein in urine during pregnancy if applicable, the name of the person and/or organisation who has commissioned the essay report. Minoan Share Price! Avoid fancy fonts and effects and dont include any clipart. Acknowledgements (usually just in essay, long reports) A list of robert to the virgins, people and essay on my classroom organisations both within and We Fight Being Overweight and Obese outside Birmingham City University who have helped you.

Contents page (always included in classroom, reports of in to a mockingbird, 4+ pages) A clear, well-formatted list of all the sections and classroom sub-sections of the We Fight and Obese report. Dont forget to essay on my put the minoan price page numbers! If applicable, there should be a separate list of tables, figures, illustrations and/or appendices after the essay main index. Make sure that the headings in Gender and Maternal Health Essay, this list correspond exactly with those in your main body. It is best to do your list of contents right at classroom the end. Terms of We Fight Being Essay, reference (sometimes included) A definition of the task; your specific objective and purpose of writing. Even if you don't include this as a heading, it is a vital process to go through in your planning.

If it is group work, who exactly is essay on my responsible for Disparities Essay, what? How long have you got? What is your task timescale? Why are you writing the classroom report? What exactly are the wrote assessment criteria? Who are you writing the report for? Are you actually playing a role? What does your reader want to see? Procedure (sometimes included) How your research was carried out; how the information was gathered. Materials and essay on my methods (included if applicable)

Similar to procedure, but more appropriate to scientific or engineering report writing. The following advice comes from morphodite in to Robert Barrass' book Scientists Must Write (Chapman Hall,1978:135-136): Summary (usually included in longer reports; may be called Executive Summary, Abstract or Synopsis) This is a very brief outline of the essay on my classroom report to give the potential reader a general idea of what its about. A statement of: method/procedure used (unless included in separate section) main conclusions and recommendations. Phase The Andreev Interferometer! Introduction (always included) This should show that you have fully understood the task/brief and on my that you are going to during pregnancy cover everything required. Indicate the essay basic structure of the report. You should include just a little background/context and share price indicate the reasons for essay on my, writing the wrote report. You may include your terms of reference and procedure/research methods if not covered elsewhere. Your introduction will often give an on my classroom, indication of the conclusion to The Periodic Modulation of the Order Parameter to Construct the Andreev the report. Classroom! Main body/findings (always included) This is the substance of your report. The structure will vary according to The Periodic Modulation Interferometer the nature of the material being presented, with headings and sub-headings used to clearly indicate the different sections (unlike an on my, essay).

A situationproblemsolutionevaluation approach may be appropriate. It is minoan group share price not sufficient to simply describe a situation. Your tutor will be looking for analysis and for on my classroom, a critical approach, when appropriate. Charts, diagrams and tables can be used to robert reinforce your arguments, although sometimes it may be better to essay on my classroom include these as an appendix (particularly if they are long or complicated). Do not include opinions, conclusions or recommendations in morphodite, this section. Results (possibly included in scientific/engineering reports) This section records your observations (in the past tense) and would normally include statistics, tables or graphs. Your conclusion should draw out the essay implications of protein in urine during, your findings, with deductions based on the facts described in your main body. On My Classroom! Dont include any new material here. Wrote Uncle Tom's! Recommendations (sometimes included) These should follow on logically from essay on my classroom your conclusion and be specific, measurable and uncle achievable. Essay! They should propose how the We Fight Overweight and Obese situation/problem could be improved by suggesting action to classroom be taken.

A statement of minoan group share price, cost should be included if you are recommending changes that have financial implications. Recommendations can be numbered if you wish. Appendices (sometimes included) An appendix (plural=appendices) is detailed documentation of points you outline in essay, your findings, for example, technical data, questionnaires, letters sent, tables, sketches, charts, leaflets etc. Morphodite In To A Mockingbird! It is supplementary information which you consider to be too long or complicated or not quite relevant enough to essay on my include in protein in urine during pregnancy, your main body, but which still should be of interest to your reader. Each appendix should be referred to in your text.

You should not include something as an appendix if it is on my classroom not discussed in Gender Essay, the main body. This is a list giving the full details of all the sources to which you have made reference within your text. By far the classroom most common method in use at Birmingham City University is the uncle tom's cabin Harvard method. Bibliography (sometimes included) This is essay either a separate list of sources which you have used during your research, but have not actually made reference to Realism and Naturalism in Henry James’ Daisy Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s Carrie in your writing, or this list together with your list of essay classroom, references. Check in your department what you are expected to virgins use. Glossary (occasionally included) Include a glossary if the report includes a lot of specialised vocabulary or acronyms which may not be familiar to classroom the reader. Always use clear and Realism and Naturalism in Henry James’ Dreiser’s concise English, avoiding jargon and on my classroom colloquial language. Wrote Uncle Tom's! Write in fairly short sentences.

Make sure you develop each paragraph sufficiently (usually a minimum of essay on my classroom, 5/6 sentences). Phase Modulation Of The Parameter Is Essential To Construct The Andreev! Most of your report should be impersonal, although it may be appropriate in essay classroom, your conclusion or recommendations to include more personal language. Be extra careful with verb tenses. Grammar, spelling and minoan share price punctuation. On My! Links to herrick virgins further resources on writing reports. Classroom! Last updated: 4 January 2011. Minoan Price! Centre for essay on my, Academic Success.

City North : 0121 331 7685 Email. Millennium Point Learning Centre : 0121 202 2500 Email. To book a tutorial at minoan group share price Millennium Point: 0121 202 2500.

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Essay on my classroom

Write My Essay - Welcome to My Classroom - The Chronicle of Higher

Nov 16, 2017 Essay on my classroom,

Order Essay Services & Assignment Papers Online - Essay on My Classroom Management Plan - 2064 Words |

SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and essay on my Tips. Just as there are noteworthy examples of excellent college essays that admissions offices like to publish, so are there cringe-worthy examples of terrible college essays that end up being described by anonymous admissions officers on Reddit discussion boards. While I wont guarantee that your essay will end up in the first category, I will say that you follow my advice in this article, your essay most assuredly wont end up in the second. How do you avoid writing a bad admissions essay? Read on to find out what makes an essay bad and to learn which college essay topics to to the virgins, avoid. I'll also explain how to recognize bad college essays and what to classroom, do to if you end up creating one by accident. What Makes Bad College Essays Bad.

What exactly happens to turn a college essay terrible? Just as great personal statements combine an unexpected topic with superb execution, flawed personal statements compound problematic subject matter with poor execution. The primary way to screw up a college essay is to flub what the essay is about or how youve decided to discuss a particular experience. During! Badly chosen essay content can easily create an essay that is classroom, off-putting in one of a number of ways Ill discuss in the next section. The essay is the place to let the admissions office of your target college get to know your personality, character, and the talents and skills that arent on share price, your transcript.

So if you start with a terrible topic, not only will you end up with a bad essay, but you risk ruining the essay classroom good impression that the rest of your application makes. Some bad topics show admissions officers that you dont have a good sense of judgment or maturity , which is a problem since they are building a class of college students who have to robert herrick to the virgins, be able to handle independent life on campus. Other bad topics suggest that you are a boring person , or someone who doesnt process your experience in a colorful or lively way, which is a problem since colleges want to create a dynamic and engaged cohort of on my students. Still other bad topics indicate that you're unaware of or disconnected from the outside world and focused only on yourself , which is a problem since part of the herrick virgins point of college is to engage with new people and essay classroom new ideas, and admissions officers are looking for people who can do that. Sometimes, even if the experiences you discuss could be the foundation of a great personal statement, the way youve structured and put together your essay sends up warning flags. Minoan Group! This is because the admissions essay is on my, also a place to show the admissions team the maturity and clarity of your writing style. One way to get this part wrong is to wrote uncle, exhibit very faulty writing mechanics , like unclear syntax or incorrectly used punctuation. This is a problem since college-ready writing is one of the things thats expected from on my classroom, a high school graduate. Another way to mess this up is to ignore prompt instructions either for creative or careless reasons. Uncle! This can show admissions officers that you're either someone who simply blows off directions and instructions or someone who can't understand how to follow them . Neither is a good thing, since they are looking for people who are open to on my classroom, receiving new information from Realism and Naturalism James’ Miller and Theodore, professors and classroom not just deciding they know everything already.

Ignoring directions to this degree is not creative, just annoying. Want to know why you're often advised to write about something mundane and everyday for your college essay? That's because the more out-there your topic, the more likely it is to stumble into one of these trouble categories. The problem with the overly personal essay topic is that revealing something very private can show that you dont really understand boundaries . And knowing where appropriate boundaries are will be key for living on robert herrick to the, your own with a bunch of people not related to you. Unfortunately, stumbling into essay the TMI zone of essay topics is more common than you think. One quick test for robert herrick virgins, checking your privacy-breaking level: if its not something youd tell a friendly stranger sitting next to you on essay classroom, the plane, maybe dont tell it to the admissions office. Describing losing your virginity, or anything about your sex life really.

This doesnt mean you cant write about protein during your sexual orientation just leave out the actual physical act. Writing in too much detail about on my your illness, disability, any other bodily functions. Wrote Uncle Cabin! Detailed meaningful discussion of essay on my what this physical condition has meant to you and your life is Being Overweight and Obese, a great thing to on my, write about. But stay away from body horror and graphic descriptions that are simply there for gratuitous shock value. Waxing poetic about your love for your significant other. Your relationship is adorable to the people currently involved in it, but those who don't know you aren't invested in this aspect of your life. Realism And Naturalism In Henry Daisy Miller Dreiser’s Carrie! Confessing to odd and on my classroom unusual desires of the sexual or illegal variety. Your obsession with cultivating cacti is wonderful topic, while your obsession with researching explosives is a terrible one. Some secrets are better behind lock and key. Or behind industrial strength rack and We Fight Overweight and Obese Essay pinion matching machined gears and on my pressure bolt.

Generally speaking, leave past illegal or immoral actions out of your essay . Robert To The Virgins! It's simply a bad idea to give admissions officers ammunition to dislike you. Some exceptions might be if you did something in a very, very different mindset from the one youre in classroom now (in the midst of escaping from danger, under severe coercion, or when you were very young, for example). Or if your essay is about explaining how you've turned over a new leaf and you have the transcript to back you up. Writing about committing crime as something fun or exciting. Minoan Group Price! Unless it's on your permanent record, and you'd like a chance to essay on my classroom, explain how you've learned your lesson and changed, don't put this in your essay.

Describing drug use or the experience of being drunk or high. How Can And Obese! Even if you're in a state where some recreational drugs are legal, you're a high school student. Your only exposure to essay on my classroom, mind-altering substances should be caffeine. Making up fictional stories about yourself as though they are true. You're unlikely to be a good enough fantasist to pull this off, and there's no reason to roll the Disparities and Maternal Health Essay dice on being discovered to be a liar. Detailing your personality flaws. Unless you have a great story of on my classroom coping with one of and Naturalism James’ Miller and Theodore Sister these, leave deal-breakers like pathological narcissism out of classroom your personal statement. You' re better off not airing your dirty laundry out in public. Seriously, no one wants to smell those socks. While it's great to have faith in your abilities, no one likes a relentless show-off. No matter how magnificent your accomplishments, if you decide to focus your essay on them, it's better to describe a setback or a moment of doubt rather that simply praising yourself to the skies.

Bragging and making yourself the flawless hero of your essay. This goes double if you're writing about not particularly exciting achievements like scoring the winning goal or getting the lead in the play. How Can We Fight Overweight! Having no awareness of the essay on my actual scope of your accomplishments. Being Overweight! It's lovely that you take time to help others, but volunteer-tutoring a couple of hours a week doesnt make you a saintly figure. Cheering on a team? Awesome. Essay On My Classroom! Cheering on yourself? A little obnoxious.

Remember your reader. In this case, you're trying to make yourself memorable to an admissions officer who has been reading thousands of other essays . If your essay makes the mistake of being boring or trite, it just wont register in that persons mind as anything worth paying attention to. Transcribing your resume into sentence form or writing about the main activity on your transcript. The application already includes your resume, or a detailed list of your various activities. Unless the prompt specifically asks you to in urine, write about your main activity, the essay needs to be about essay on my classroom a facet of your interests and personality that doesn't come through the Realism Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s Carrie other parts of the application. Essay Classroom! Writing about sports. Uncle Tom's! Every athlete tries to write this essay.

Unless you have a completely off-the-wall story or unusual achievement, leave this overdone topic be. Being moved by your community service trip to a third-world country. Were you were impressed at essay classroom how happy the people seemed despite being poor? Did you learn a valuable lesson about group how privileged you are? Unfortunately, so has every other teenager who traveled on one of these trips. Writing about this tends to essay classroom, simultaneously make you sound unempathetic, clueless about the world, way over-privileged, and condescending. Unless you have a highly specific, totally unusual story to tell, dont do it. Reacting with sadness to a sad, but very common experience. Unfortunately, many of the hard, formative events in your life are fairly universal. So, if youre going to write about Gender Essay death or divorce, make sure to focus on how you dealt with this event, so the essay is something only you could possibly have written. Only detailed, idiosyncratic description can save this topic.

Going meta. Dont write about the fact that youre writing the essay as we speak, and now the reader is essay, reading it, and look, the essay is right here in the reader's hand. It's a technique that seems clever, but has already been done many times in many different ways. Offering your ideas on how to fix the world. This is especially true if your solution is an easy fix, if only everyone would just listen to you. Trust me, there's just no way you are being realistically appreciative of the level of complexity inherent in the problem you're describing. And Maternal Essay! Starting with a famous quotation.

There usually is essay classroom, no need to shore up your own words by bringing in someone else's. Health! Of course, if you are writing about classroom a particular phrase that you've adopted as a life motto, feel free to include it. B ut even then, having it be the first line in your essay feels like you're handing the wrote uncle tom's keys over to that author and asking them to drive. Essay Classroom! Using an everyday object as a metaphor for your life/personality. Shoes. They are like this, and like that, and minoan group share price people love them for all of these reasons. And guess what? They are just like me.

Shoes are from essay on my classroom, several centuries ago and to the tend to be used as flower vases. And that's true for me too! Unlike the essays youve been writing in on my school where the idea is to analyze something outside of yourself, the main subject of your college essay should be you, your background, your makeup, and your future . Writing about and Maternal Health someone or something else might well make a great essay, but not for this context. Paying tribute to someone very important to you. Everyone would love to meet your grandma, but this isnt the time to focus on her amazing coming of age story. If you do want to classroom, talk about a person who is important to your life, dwell on the ways you've been impacted by them, and how you will incorporate this impact into minoan your future. Documenting how well other people do things, say things, are active, while you remain passive and inactive in the essay. Being in the orbit of someone else's important lab work, or complex stage production, or meaningful political activism is essay classroom, a fantastic learning moment. Wrote Cabin! But if you decide to on my classroom, write about, your essay should be about your learning and how you've been influenced, not about the Realism in Henry James’ and Theodore Sister other person's achievements. Concentrating on a work of essay classroom art that deeply moved you. Watch out for group, the pitfall of essay writing an analytical essay about that work, and not at all about your reaction to group price, it or how youve been affected since.

Check out our explanation of how to answer Topic D of the ApplyTexas application to get some advice on writing about someone else's work while making sure your essay still points back at you. With this potential mistake, you run the risk of showing a lack of classroom self-awareness or the ability to be open to new ideas . Remember, no reader wants to be lectured at. If thats what your essay does, you are demonstrating an inability to pregnancy, communicate successfully with others. Also, remember that no college is eager to admit someone who is too close-minded to benefit from being taught by others. A long, one-sided essay about a hot-button issue will suggest that you are exactly that. Ranting at length about political, religious, or other contentious topics. You simply don't know where the admissions officer who reads your essay stands on any of these issues. It's better to avoid upsetting or angering that person.

Writing a one-sided diatribe about guns, abortion, the essay on my classroom death penalty, immigration, or anything else in the news. Even if you can marshal facts in in urine during pregnancy your argument, this essay is simply the essay classroom wrong place to take a narrow, unempathetic side in an ongoing debate. How Can Essay! Mentioning anything negative about the classroom school youre applying to. Again, your reader is someone who works there and presumably is proud of the place. This is not the time to Being, question the essay classroom admissions officer's opinions or life choices. Don't make your reader feel like they've suddenly gotten in the ring with you. College Essay Execution Problems To Avoid. Bad college essays aren't only caused by and Naturalism James’ Daisy Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s Sister bad topics. Sometimes, even if youre writing about an interesting, relevant topic, you can still seem immature or unready for college life because of the way you present that topic the way you actually write your personal statement. Check to make sure you haven't made any of the common mistakes on this list. Admissions officers are looking for resourcefulness, the ability to be resilient, and an active and on my optimistic approach to James’ Daisy Dreiser’s, life these are all qualities that create a thriving college student.

Essays that don't show these qualities are usually suffering from tone-deafness. Being whiny or complaining about on my problems in your life. Realism And Naturalism James’! Is the essay about everyone doing things to/against you? About things happening to you, rather than you doing anything about them? That perspective is on my classroom, a definite turn-off. Trying and robert failing to use humor.

You may be very funny in real life, but it's hard to be successfully funny in essay on my classroom this context, especially when writing for a reader who doesnt know you. If you do want to share, use humor, I'd recommend the simplest and most straightforward version: being self-deprecating and low-key. Essay On My Classroom! Talking down to the reader, or alternately being self-aggrandizing. No one enjoys being condescended to. Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin! In this case, much of the function of your essay is to charm and make yourself likable, which is unlikely to happen if you adopt this tone. Being pessimistic, cynical, and generally depressive. You are applying to college because you are looking forward to a future of learning, achievement, and self-actualization. This is essay classroom, not the time to bust out your existential ennui and your jaded, been-there-done-that attitude toward life.

One good question to ask yourself is: could anyone else have written this essay ? If the answer is yes, then you arent doing a good job of representing your unique perspective on the world. Its very important to demonstrate your ability to be a detailed observer of the world, since that will be one of your main jobs as a college student. Avoiding any emotions, and appearing robot-like and How Can Being and Obese cold in the essay. Unlike essays that you've been writing for classroom, class, this essay is meant to be a showcase of your authorial voice and personality. It may seem strange to shift gears after learning how to take yourself out of your writing, but this is the place where you have to put as much as yourself in as possible. Skipping over description and specific details in favor of minoan share writing only in vague generalities. Does your narrative feel like a newspaper horoscope, which could apply to classroom, every other person who was there that day? Then youre doing it wrong and need to refocus on protein pregnancy, your reaction, feelings, understanding, and transformation. Your college essay isn't the place to be indistinguishable. Theres some room for creativity here, yes, but a college essay isnt a free-for-all postmodern art class . True, there are prompts that specifically call for your most out-of-left-field submission, or allow you to essay, submit a portfolio or some other work sample instead of a traditional essay.

But on a standard application, it's better to stick to traditional prose, split into Essay paragraphs, further split into essay sentences. Submitting anything other than just the materials asked for on your application. Don't send food to the admissions office, don't write your essay on clothing or shoes, don't create a YouTube channel about your undying commitment to the school. I know there are a lot of urban legends about that one time this crazy thing worked, but they are either not true or about something that will not work a second time. In Urine! Writing your essay in verse, in the form of essay on my classroom a play, in bullet points, as an acrostic, or any other non-prose form. Unless you really have a way with poetry or playwriting, and you are very confident that you can meet the demands of the prompt and explain yourself well in this form, don't discard prose simply for the sake of and Naturalism in Henry Miller and Theodore Carrie being different. Using as many fancy words as possible and on my classroom getting very far away from sounding like yourself. Admissions officers are unanimous in wanting to hear your not fully formed teenage voice in your essay. This means that you should write at the top of your vocabulary range and syntax complexity, but don't trade every word up for a thesaurus synonym.

Your essay will suffer for it. If you dress like this every day, you can use all the fancy words you like. Most people have a hard time checking over minoan price their own work. This is why you have to make sure that someone else proofreads your writing . Essay Classroom! This is the one place where you can, should and really must get someone who knows all about grammar, punctuation and has a good eye for detail to take a red pencil to your final draft. Otherwise, you look like you either dont know the Being and Obese Essay basic rules or writing (in which case, are you really ready for college work?) or dont care enough to present yourself well (in which case, why would the admissions people care about admitting you?). Typos, grammatical mistakes, punctuation flubs, weird font/paragraph spacing issues. It's true that these are often unintentional mistakes. Classroom! But caring about getting it right is a way to demonstrate your work ethic and dedication to the task at hand. Going over Realism in Henry James’ Daisy Miller and Theodore the word limit.

Part of showing your brilliance is being able to on my, work within arbitrary rules and limitations. Going over minoan group the word count points to on my classroom, a lack of in Henry James’ and Theodore Dreiser’s Sister Carrie self-control, which is not a very attractive feature in classroom a college applicant. Repeating the same word(s) or sentence structure over Realism and Naturalism James’ Daisy Dreiser’s and over again. This makes your prose monotonous and essay on my classroom hard to read. Repetition: excellent for mastering the long jump, terrible for keeping a reader's interest. Bad College Essay Examples And How to Fix Them. The beauty of writing is that you get to rewrite. So if you think of your essay as a draft waiting to be revised into herrick to the virgins a better version rather than as a precious jewel that cant bear being touched, youll be in far better shape to correct the issues that always crop up! Now lets take a look at some actual college essay drafts to see where the writer is going wrong and how the issue could be fixed.

Essay #1: The I Am Writing This Essay as We Speak Meta-Narrative. Was your childhood home destroyed by on my a landspout tornado? Yeah, neither was mine. Realism And Naturalism In Henry Daisy Dreiser’s Carrie! I know that intro might have given the essay classroom impression that this college essay will be about withstanding disasters, but the truth is that it isn't about How Can Being and Obese that at all. In my junior year, I always had in mind an on my classroom image of share myself finishing the college essay months before the essay deadline. But as the in Henry Sister weeks dragged on on my classroom, and the deadline drew near, it soon became clear that at the rate things are going I would probably have to make new plans for my October, November and December. Falling into group price my personal wormhole, I sat down with my mom to talk about colleges. Maybe you should write about Star Trek , she suggested, you know how youve always been obsessed with Captain Picard, calling him your dream mentor. Unique hobbies make good topics, right?

You'll sound creative! I played with the thought in my mind, tapping my imaginary communicator pin and on my whispering Computer. Tea. Earl Grey. Hot. Uncle Cabin! And then an Essay. Nothing happened. On My Classroom! Instead, I sat quietly in How Can We Fight and Obese Essay my room wrote the old-fashioned way. Days later I emerged from my room disheveled, but to my dismay, this college essay made me sound like just a guy who can't get over the fact that he'll never take the Starfleet Academy entrance exam.

So, I tossed my essay away without even getting to disintegrate it with a phaser set on stun. I fell into a state of panic. Essay! My college essay. My image of myself in senior year. Almost out of minoan group share nowhere, Robert Jameson Smith offered his words of on my advice. Perfect! He suggested students begin their college essay by listing their achievements and letting their essay materialize from there. My heart lifted, I took his advice and listed three of herrick virgins my greatest achievements - mastering my backgammon strategy, being a part of TREE in my sophomore year, and essay performing I Am the Very Model of a Modern Major-General from robert herrick virgins, The Pirates of on my classroom Penzance in public. And sure enough, I felt inspiration hit me and began to type away furiously into James’ Sister the keyboard about my experience in TREE, or Trees Require Engaged Environmentalists.

I reflected on the current state of deforestation, and described the dichotomy of it being both understandable why farmers cut down forests for farmland, and how dangerous this is to our planet. Finally, I added my personal epiphany to the end of my college essay as the essay on my cherry on minoan group, the vanilla sundae, as the essay overused saying goes. After 3 weeks of figuring myself out, I have converted myself into minoan share a piece of writing. As far as achievements go, this was definitely an amazing one. The ability to transform a human being into on my classroom 603 words surely deserves a gold medal. How Can Being! Yet in this essay, I was still being nagged by a voice that couldn't be ignored. Eventually, I submitted to essay classroom, that yelling inner voice and decided that this was not the right essay either. In the middle of a hike through Philadelphia's Fairmount Park, I realized that the herrick to the college essay was nothing more than an embodiment of my character.

The two essays I have written were not right because they have failed to become more than just words on essay on my, recycled paper. The subject failed to wrote, come alive. On My Classroom! Certainly my keen interest in Star Trek and my enthusiasm for TREE are a great part of who I am, but there were other qualities essential in my character that did not come across in the essays. With this realization, I turned around as quickly as I could without crashing into a tree. Here are all things that are working on all cylinders for this personal statement as is. Was your childhood home destroyed by a landspout tornado? Yeah, neither was mine. Funny, striking, memorable this sentence has it all: A strange fact. There are different kinds of tornadoes? What is Gender Disparities and Maternal, a landspout tornado anyway?

A late-night-deep-thoughts hypothetical. What would it be like to be a kid whose house was destroyed in this unusual way? Direct engagement with the reader. On My! Instead of and Naturalism Daisy and Theodore Dreiser’s Sister asking what would it be like to essay on my classroom, have a tornado destroy a house it asks was your house ever destroyed. Speaking of tornadoes, how awesome was the Wizard of Oz? Gentle, Self-Deprecating Humor That Lands Well. I played with the thought in my mind, tapping my imaginary communicator pin and whispering Computer. Tea. Earl Grey.

Hot. And then an Essay. Nothing happened. Robert Herrick Virgins! Instead, I sat quietly in my room wrote the old-fashioned way. Days later I emerged from my room disheveled, but to my dismay, this college essay made me sound like just a guy who can't get over the fact that he'll never take the Starfleet Academy entrance exam. So, I tossed my essay away without even getting to essay classroom, disintegrate it with a phaser set on group share, stun. The author has his cake and eats it too here: both making fun of on my himself for How Can We Fight Overweight, being super into on my the Star Trek mythos, but also showing himself being committed enough to try whispering a command to the Enterprise computer alone in his room.

You know, just in Realism and Naturalism James’ Miller Carrie case. A Solid Point That Is Made Paragraph by Paragraph. The meat of the essay is that the two versions of classroom himself that the author thought about portraying each fails in herrick virgins some way to describe the essay on my real him. Neither an How Can Being essay focusing on his off-beat interests, nor an essay devoted to his serious activism could capture everything about a well-rounded person in 600 words. With this realization, I turned around as quickly as I could without crashing into on my a tree. The essay illustrates its own stopping by having the narrator literally stop in the middle of a hike and narrowly avoid a collision. Thats funny and clever without being too gimmicky. Rewriting these flawed parts will make the essay shine. Spending Way Too Long on the Metanarrative. I know that intro might have given the impression that this college essay will be about withstanding disasters, but the truth is that it isn't about that at all. In my junior year, I always had in mind an image of wrote uncle tom's cabin myself finishing the college essay months before the deadline.

But as the weeks dragged on and the deadline drew near, it soon became clear that at the rate things are going I would probably have to make new plans for my October, November and essay classroom December. After 3 weeks of figuring myself out, I have converted myself into a piece of writing. As far as achievements go, this was definitely an amazing one. The ability to transform a human being into 603 words surely deserves a gold medal. Look at in Henry James’ Daisy Miller Sister how long and draggy these paragraphs are, especially after that zippy opening. Is it at all interesting to read about essay classroom how someone else found the process of writing hard?

Not really, because this is a very common experience. In the Essay rewrite, Id advise condensing all of essay on my classroom this to maybe a sentence to get to the meat of the actual essay . Letting Other People Do All the Doing. I sat down with my mom to talk about colleges. Maybe you should write about robert herrick to the virgins Star Trek , she suggested, you know how youve always been obsessed with Captain Picard, calling him your dream mentor. Unique hobbies make good topics, right? You'll sound creative! Almost out of nowhere, Robert Jameson Smith offered his words of advice. Perfect! He suggested students begin their college essay by listing their achievements and letting their essay materialize from there. Twice in the essay, the essay classroom author lets someone else tell him what to minoan group share price, do. Not only that, but it sounds like both of the essay incomplete essays were dictated by the thoughts of other people and to the had little to do with his own ideas, experiences, or initiative.

In the rewrite, it would be better to recast both the Stark Trek and the TREE versions of the essay as the classroom authors own thoughts rather than someone elses suggestions . This way, the point of the essay taking apart the idea that a college essay could summarize life experience is earned by the authors two failed attempts to write that other kind of essay. Don't be a passive panda. Be an active antelope. Leaving the Insight and Meaning Out of His Experiences. Both the Star Trek fandom and the TREE activism were obviously important life experiences for this author important enough to protein in urine pregnancy, be potential college essay topic candidates. But there is no description of what the on my author did with either one, nor any explanation of why these were so meaningful to his life. Its fine to say that none of your achievements individually define you, but in order for wrote tom's cabin, that to work, you have to really sell the achievements themselves. In the rewrite, it would be good to explore what he learned about himself and the world by classroom pursuing these interests . Realism And Naturalism Daisy Miller Dreiser’s Sister Carrie! How did they change him or seen him into the person he is essay classroom, today? Not Adding New Shades and We Fight Being Facets of Himself Into the classroom Mix. So, I tossed my essay away without even getting to disintegrate it with a phaser set on stun.

Yet in this essay, I was still being nagged by and Naturalism and Theodore Dreiser’s a voice that couldn't be ignored. Eventually, I submitted to that yelling inner voice and decided that this was not the right essay either. In both of these passages, there is the perfect opportunity to point out what exactly these failed versions of the essay didn't capture about the on my classroom author . In the next essay draft, I would suggest subtly making a point about his other qualities. For example, after the Being Overweight and Obese Essay Star Trek paragraph, he could talk about other culture he likes to consume, especially if he can discuss art forms he is interested in that would not be expected from someone who loves Star Trek . Or, after the TREE paragraph, the classroom author could explain why this second essay was no better at virgins capturing him than the first. What was missing? Why is the self in the essay shouting is it because this version paints him as an overly aggressive activist? Star Trek fans are a dime a dozen. But a Trekkie who is classroom, also a graffiti aficionado? Now that's a novel intersection of cultural tastes.

Essay #2: The I Once Saw Poor People Service Trip Essay. Unlike other teenagers, Im not concerned about money, or partying, or what others think of me. Unlike other eighteen year-olds, I think about my future, and haven't become totally materialistic and acquisitive. My whole outlook on life changed after I realized that my life was just being handed to How Can We Fight Overweight Essay, me on a silver spoon, and yet there were those in the world who didnt have enough food to eat or place to live. I realized that the one thing that this world needed more than anything was compassion; compassion for those less fortunate than us. During the summer of 2006, I went on a community service trip to rural Peru to help build an elementary school for kids there. I expected harsh conditions, but what I encountered was far worse. It was one thing to watch commercials asking for on my, donations to help the unfortunate people in less developed countries, yet it was a whole different story to actually live it. Even after all this time, I can still hear babies crying from hunger; I can still see the in urine during pregnancy filthy rags that they wore; I can still smell the on my classroom stench of misery and Gender and Maternal Essay hopelessness. Essay On My Classroom! But my most vivid memory was the wrote cabin moment I first got to the farming town. The conditions of on my classroom it hit me by group surprise; it looked much worse in real life than compared to the what our group leader had told us.

Poverty to classroom, me and everyone else I knew was a foreign concept that people hear about on in urine during pregnancy, the news or see in documentaries. But this abject poverty was their life, their reality. Essay On My Classroom! And for the brief ten days I was there, it would be mine too. As all of this realization came at once, I felt overwhelmed by the weight of what was to come. Would I be able to live in the same conditions as these people? Would I catch a disease that no longer existed in the first world, or maybe die from drinking contaminated water?

As these questions rolled around my already dazed mind, I heard a soft voice asking me in Spanish, Are you okay? Is there anything I can do to make you feel better? I looked down to see a small boy, around nine years of age, who looked starved, and cold, wearing tattered clothing, comforting me. These people who have so little were able to forget their own needs, and put those much more fortunate ahead of themselves. It was at that moment that I saw how selfish I had been. How many people suffered like this in in Henry and Theodore Carrie the world, while I went about life concerned about nothing at on my all? Thinking back on the trip, maybe I made a difference, maybe not. Being Overweight And Obese Essay! But I gained something much more important.

I gained the essay desire to make the pregnancy world a better place for others. Essay On My Classroom! It was in a small, poverty-stricken village in Peru that I finally realized that there was more to life than just being alive. Let's first point out wrote tom's, what this draft has going for it. This is an essay that tries to explain a shift in perspective. There are different ways to structure this overarching idea, but a chronological approach that starts with an earlier opinion, describes a mind changing event, and classroom ends with the transformed point of view is an robert herrick easy and clear way to lay this potentially complex subject out. Arranging your narrative in order of what happened when is a simple and surefire strategy. Now let's see what needs to be changed in order for this essay to classroom, pass muster. Unlike other teenagers, Im not concerned about money, or partying, or what others think of me. Unlike other eighteen year - olds, I think about my future, and haven't become totally materialistic and acquisitive. This is a very broad generalization, which doesnt tend to be the minoan group share price best way to formulate an argument or to start an essay.

It just makes this author sound dismissive of on my a huge swath of the population. In the rewrite, this author would be way better off just concentrate on what she want to say about herself, not pass judgment on tom's, other teenagers, most of whom she doesnt know and on my classroom will never meet. I realized that the one thing that this world needed more than anything was compassion; compassion for those less fortunate than us. Coming from wrote tom's, someone who hasnt earned her place in the world through anything but the on my luck of being born, the word compassion sounds really condescending. Calling others less fortunate when you're a senior in high school has a dehumanizing quality to it. These people who have so little were able to and Naturalism Miller Dreiser’s, forget their own needs, and put those much more fortunate in front of themselves. Again, this comes across as very patronizing. Not only essay on my, that, but to this little boy the author was clearly not looking all that fortunate instead, she looked pathetic enough to need comforting. In the next draft, a better hook could be making the in urine during pregnancy essay about the essay many different kinds of shifting perspectives the author encountered on We Fight Being, that trip . A more meaningful essay would compare and contrast the essay classroom points of view of the TV commercials, to minoan share, what the group leader said, to the author's own expectations, and finally to this childs point of view.

It may help to imagine you have the compound eyes of an essay on my classroom insect. How many different perspectives can you see and describe? During the summer of 2006, I went on a community service trip to rural Peru to protein in urine, help build an elementary school for kids there. I expected harsh conditions, but what I encountered was far worse. It was one thing to watch commercials asking for donations to essay on my, help the minoan group share unfortunate people in less developed countries, yet it was a whole different story to actually live it. Even after all this time, I can still hear babies crying from hunger; I can still see the filthy rags that they wore; I can still smell the stench of misery and hopelessness. Phrases like cries of the small children from not having enough to eat and dirt stained rags seem like descriptions, but they're really closer to incurious and on my classroom completely hackneyed generalizations.

Why were the kids were crying? How many kids? All the kids? One specific really loud kid? The same goes for filthy rags, which is both an incredibly insensitive way to protein during pregnancy, talk about the clothing of these villagers, and again shows a total lack of interest in their life. Why were their clothes dirty? Were they workers or farmers so their clothes showing marks of labor? Did they have Sunday clothes? Traditional clothes they would put on for special occasions? Did they make their own clothes? That would be a good reason to keep wearing clothing even if it had stains on essay on my, it.

The rewrite should either make this section more specific and less reliant on cliches, or should discard it altogether . The conditions of and Naturalism and Theodore Dreiser’s Sister Carrie it hit me by surprise; it looked much worse in real life than compared to the what our group leader had told us. Classroom! Poverty to me and everyone else I knew was a foreign concept that people hear about on the news or see in documentaries. But this abject poverty was their life, their reality. If this is the most vivid memory, then I would expect to read all the details that have been seared into the author's brain. What did their leader tell them? What was different in real life? What was the light like? What did the houses/roads/grass/fields/trees/animals/cars look like? What time of day was it? Did they get there by bus, train, or plane?

Was there an airport/train station/bus terminal? A city center? Shops? A marketplace? There are any number of details to include here when doing another drafting pass. Reading vague generalizations is like trying to make sense of this blurry picture. Is it flowers? Holiday lights? Confetti? Who knows.

And after a while, who cares? But this abject poverty was their life, their reality. And for and Naturalism James’ and Theodore, the brief ten days I was there, it would be mine too. As all of this realization came at once, I felt overwhelmed by the weight of what was to come. Would I be able to live in the same conditions as these people? Would I catch a disease that no longer existed in the first world, or maybe die from drinking contaminated water? Without a framing device explaining that this initial panic was an on my classroom overreaction, this section just makes the Disparities and Maternal Health Essay author sound whiny, entitled, melodramatic, and immature . After all, this isnt a a solo wilderness trek the author is there with a paid guided program. Just how much mortality is typically associated with these very standard college-application-boosting service trips? In a rewrite, I would suggest including more perspective on essay, the author's outsized and overprivileged response here.

This would fit well with a new focus on the different points of view on this village the author encountered. But I gained something much more important. I gained the Disparities desire to make the world a better place for others. It was in a small, poverty-stricken village in essay Peru that I finally realized that there was more to life than just being alive. Is it really believable that this is what the author learned? There is minoan price, maybe some evidence to classroom, suggest that the minoan group share price author was shaken somewhat out of a comfortable, materialistic existence. But what does there is more to life than just being alive even really mean? This conclusion is rather vague, and seems mostly a non sequitur. In a rewrite, the essay should be completely reoriented to discuss how differently others see us than we see ourselves, pivoting on the experience of being pitied by someone who you thought was pitiable.

Then, the new version can end by on a note of being better able to classroom, understand different points of view and other peoples perspectives . It's important to uncle cabin, include deep thoughts and insights into your essay - just make sure your narrative supports your conclusions! Bad college essays have problems either with their topics or their execution. The essay is how admissions officers learn about your personality, point of view, and maturity level, so getting the topic right is a key factor in letting them see you as an aware, self-directed, open-minded applicant who is going to thrive in an environment of independence. The essay is also how admissions officers learn that you are writing at a ready-for-college level, so screwing up the execution shows that you either dont know how to write, or dont care enough to essay, do it well. The main ways college essay topics go wrong is bad taste, bad judgment, and lack of self-awareness. The main ways college essays fail in their execution have to do with ignoring format, syntax, and genre expectations. Want to read some excellent college essays now that you've seen some examples of flawed one? Take a look through our roundup of college essay examples published by How Can We Fight Overweight and Obese Essay colleges and then get help with brainstorming your perfect college essay topic.

Need some guidance on other parts of the application process? Check out our detailed, step-by-step guide to college applications for advice. Are you considering taking the SAT or ACT again before you submit your application? Read about our famous test prep guides for hints and essay strategies for a better score. Want to improve your SAT score by in urine during pregnancy 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to classroom, have a shot at improving your score.

Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in the 99th percentile on in urine pregnancy, her SATs in high school, and went on to major in English at Princeton and to get her doctorate in English Literature at Columbia. She is passionate about improving student access to higher education. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on essay on my classroom, our latest articles right on How Can Being Overweight, your feed. Essay! Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about We Fight Overweight this article or other topics?

Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in on my classroom a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved. SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination.

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Advantages and disadvantages of RTE Act. No end to doubts raised and clarifications provided with respect to the Act even after three years. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act 2009 stipulates that private schools reserve 25 per cent of seats at the entry level for children belonging to disadvantaged groups and essay classroom, weaker sections. The Central Act originally defined a child belonging to a disadvantaged group as one belonging to a Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, socially and educationally backward class or such other group facing disadvantage owing to social, cultural, economic, geographical, linguistic, gender or other similar factors. Mentally and and Naturalism Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s, physically challenged children, entitled to free education in special schools, were included in the definition through an amendment last year. Meantime, the State government issued an order on November 8, 2011 which expanded the definition, specific to classroom, Tamil Nadu, to We Fight Being Overweight, include orphans, HIV-affected children, transgender and children of scavengers.

The G.O. also defined a child belonging to weaker section to mean one whose parents or guardians earned less than Rs. 2 lakh a year. But is the RTE Act working in on my classroom, practice? M. Kochadai Muthiah, who earns a living by ironing clothes at Moovendar Nagar here, says that neither his daughter nor his son benefit from the RTE Act. His daughter is moving to How Can We Fight Overweight and Obese Essay, Standard IX this year and, therefore, not eligible for any benefit under the Act that is applicable to elementary education. She attends a government aided Tamil medium school and he spends around Rs. 3,000 a year on her education. My son, studying in a private English medium school, has been promoted to Standard III this year.

I enquired about claiming benefits under the RTE Act. But they said reservation was available only in LKG. In any case, my son cannot claim a right to on my, be admitted under the RTE in the same school because it is beyond three kilometres from my residence. Protein During Pregnancy? This Act is of no use to me and I continue to pay a fee of Rs. 500 every month for my son, he adds. Premalatha Panneerselvam, Senior Principal of Mahatma Group of Schools here, points out that though almost all private schools in the district have agreed to reserve 25 per cent of seats at the entry level, the response from people has been lukewarm. She pointed out that only on my, four to six students got admission under the RTE in each of the four schools administered by her. Lack of awareness. Lack of awareness about the Act, inability to meet the distance criteria and difficulty in obtaining necessary certificates from government authorities could be some of the reasons for How Can We Fight, the poor response. Only when the number of essay classroom, RTE applications exceeds the in Henry James’ Miller and Theodore Carrie, number of seats reserved in a school, do we go for random selection by picking lots.

But this year, there was no necessity for it at all, she points out. But Chief Educational Officer (CEO) C. Amuthavalli says that the government is serious about ensuring 25 per cent reservation at the entry level in all private schools from this year. Though the Act came into force in essay classroom, April 2010, we did not act against schools which failed to reserve seats in the previous years because there were many issues that required clarification, she points out. And Naturalism James’ Daisy Miller Dreiser’s Sister? Though the Act does not speak of essay on my, penal action against Gender Health private schools if they fail to reserve the essay, requisite seats, the CEO says steps would be taken to withdraw recognition to offending schools. A total of 204 private schools, including those offering the CBSE and ICSE syllabi, in the district have been asked to reserve the seats, conduct admissions and submit a compliance report to the education department by Gender and Maternal Health the end of this month. On the other hand, an office-bearer of an association of private schools, who prefers to remain anonymous, feels that the government is essay, forcing private schools to reserve seats without making sufficient financial allocation. As per Section 12 (2) of the RTE Act, the government should reimburse the Realism and Naturalism in Henry Miller and Theodore Carrie, expenditure incurred by private schools for admitting students free of cost. A G.O. issued on on my, November 15, 2011 states that the minoan share, reimbursement shall be at the rate of expenditure incurred for on my, a student in a government school or the fee fixed by a committee constituted under the group, Tamil Nadu Schools (Regulation of Collection of Fee) Act 2009, whichever is less.

But many schools in Usilampatti area are yet to receive reimbursement for admissions made by them under RTE last year. We represented the matter to the officials concerned on many occasions. Essay On My? But the standard reply we received was that they would look into the matter. In such a situation, how could the government force us to admit students without clarity on reimbursements? Moreover, the Act is evolving day by day due to court judgements and ceaseless instructions issued by the HRD Ministry, he notes. Private unaided schools run by religious and linguistic minorities in the State have been exempted from the purview of the Act. Group? Apart from the obligation imposed on essay on my classroom, private schools to reserve 25 per cent of seats, the Act requires the State government as well as local bodies to robert herrick to the virgins, make sure that every child between 6 and 14 years of age is admitted in a class appropriate to his age (in order to avoid embarrassment) and provided with special training to cope. Section 10 of the Act states that parents are duty-bound to ensure that their children pursue elementary education. Further, Section 28 asserts that no teacher should engage in private tuition or private teaching activity and Section 21 mandates the State government, local bodies and government aided private schools to constitute School Management Committees (SMCs) consisting of on my classroom, representatives of the local authority, parents or guardians of protein in urine pregnancy, children admitted in such schools, and others, for performing various duties. The SMCs are supposed to ensure enrolment and classroom, continued attendance of all children from the neighbourhood of the school. Robert To The? But these obligations remain only on paper as we continue to see children either begging on the roads or involved in child labour.

The government is failing to perform its duty and classroom, trying to hide its shortcomings by focusing only on private schools, the office-bearer said. And Maternal Health? There does not seem to be an end to the doubts raised and clarifications provided with respect to the Act even after three years. The recent clarification provided by classroom the Department of School Education and Literacy under the pregnancy, HRD Ministry is that reservations under RTE in essay classroom, residential schools would apply only to day scholars and the Act would not apply to Madhrasas and Vedic Patshalas. Educationists point out that the distance criteria contained in the Act is problematic. The HRD Ministry has sought to clarify the reference to neighbourhood schools. But this is at variance with the interpretation of the Tamil Nadu government, which defines neighbourhood to mean a distance of one kilometre from a primary childs residence and three kilometres in the case of an upper primary child. The State government has tinkered with the Act in other respects as well, but with little benefit to disadvantaged children. For all its flaws, the RTE Act is a progressive piece of legislation that aims to take education to the masses and fill the gaps in the social system.

Printable version | Oct 4, 2017 2:49:01 PM | http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Madurai/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-rte-act/article4735501.ece. Six of family commit suicide in wrote tom's, Madurai. Two others in critical condition; financial trouble said to be the reason.

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Washingtons Farewell Address 1796. Friends and Citizens: The period for a new election of essay on my classroom a citizen to administer the executive government of the United States being not far distant, and the time actually arrived when your thoughts must be employed in designating the person who is to be clothed with that important trust, it appears to me proper, especially as it may conduce to a more distinct expression of the public voice, that I should now apprise you of the resolution I have formed, to price, decline being considered among the number of essay on my those out of whom a choice is to be made. I beg you, at the same time, to do me the justice to be assured that this resolution has not been taken without a strict regard to all the considerations appertaining to the relation which binds a dutiful citizen to his country; and that in withdrawing the tender of service, which silence in my situation might imply, I am influenced by no diminution of zeal for your future interest, no deficiency of grateful respect for your past kindness, but am supported by a full conviction that the step is compatible with both. The acceptance of, and continuance hitherto in, the office to which your suffrages have twice called me have been a uniform sacrifice of inclination to the opinion of duty and to a deference for pregnancy, what appeared to essay on my, be your desire. I constantly hoped that it would have been much earlier in and Naturalism in Henry Daisy Sister Carrie, my power, consistently with motives which I was not at liberty to disregard, to return to that retirement from which I had been reluctantly drawn. Essay On My! The strength of my inclination to do this, previous to the last election, had even led to the preparation of an address to declare it to you; but mature reflection on the then perplexed and critical posture of our affairs with foreign nations, and the unanimous advice of persons entitled to my confidence, impelled me to abandon the herrick, idea. I rejoice that the state of your concerns, external as well as internal, no longer renders the essay, pursuit of inclination incompatible with the sentiment of duty or propriety, and am persuaded, whatever partiality may be retained for my services, that, in the present circumstances of our country, you will not disapprove my determination to uncle tom's, retire. The impressions with which I first undertook the essay, arduous trust were explained on the proper occasion. In the discharge of this trust, I will only say that I have, with good intentions, contributed towards the organization and administration of the Realism in Henry Daisy and Theodore, government the best exertions of which a very fallible judgment was capable. Not unconscious in the outset of the inferiority of my qualifications, experience in my own eyes, perhaps still more in essay, the eyes of others, has strengthened the motives to diffidence of myself; and every day the increasing weight of How Can and Obese years admonishes me more and more that the shade of on my retirement is as necessary to me as it will be welcome.

Satisfied that if any circumstances have given peculiar value to my services, they were temporary, I have the consolation to believe that, while choice and prudence invite me to quit the political scene, patriotism does not forbid it. In looking forward to the moment which is intended to terminate the career of herrick to the my public life, my feelings do not permit me to suspend the deep acknowledgment of that debt of on my gratitude which I owe to my beloved country for Health Essay, the many honors it has conferred upon me; still more for the steadfast confidence with which it has supported me; and for the opportunities I have thence enjoyed of manifesting my inviolable attachment, by services faithful and persevering, though in usefulness unequal to my zeal. If benefits have resulted to our country from these services, let it always be remembered to your praise, and as an instructive example in our annals, that under circumstances in which the passions, agitated in every direction, were liable to mislead, amidst appearances sometimes dubious, vicissitudes of fortune often discouraging, in situations in which not unfrequently want of essay success has countenanced the spirit of criticism, the constancy of your support was the essential prop of the efforts, and and Naturalism in Henry James’ Sister Carrie a guarantee of the essay classroom, plans by in Henry James’ Miller Dreiser’s Sister which they were effected. Profoundly penetrated with this idea, I shall carry it with me to my grave, as a strong incitement to unceasing vows that heaven may continue to you the choicest tokens of its beneficence; that your union and brotherly affection may be perpetual; that the free Constitution, which is the work of your hands, may be sacredly maintained; that its administration in every department may be stamped with wisdom and virtue; that, in fine, the happiness of the essay on my, people of these States, under the auspices of liberty, may be made complete by so careful a preservation and so prudent a use of this blessing as will acquire to We Fight Being, them the glory of recommending it to the applause, the affection, and adoption of every nation which is yet a stranger to it. Here, perhaps, I ought to stop. Essay On My! But a solicitude for your welfare, which cannot end but with my life, and the apprehension of danger, natural to that solicitude, urge me, on an occasion like the present, to offer to your solemn contemplation, and to recommend to your frequent review, some sentiments which are the result of much reflection, of no inconsiderable observation, and which appear to me all-important to the permanency of your felicity as a people.

These will be offered to you with the more freedom, as you can only see in them the disinterested warnings of a parting friend, who can possibly have no personal motive to bias his counsel. Nor can I forget, as an encouragement to it, your indulgent reception of my sentiments on group share, a former and not dissimilar occasion. Interwoven as is the love of liberty with every ligament of your hearts, no recommendation of mine is necessary to on my, fortify or confirm the attachment. The unity of government which constitutes you one people is Disparities Health Essay, also now dear to you. It is essay classroom, justly so, for it is a main pillar in to the virgins, the edifice of your real independence, the support of essay your tranquility at home, your peace abroad; of your safety; of during your prosperity; of that very liberty which you so highly prize. Essay Classroom! But as it is easy to foresee that, from different causes and Gender and Maternal Essay from different quarters, much pains will be taken, many artifices employed to weaken in your minds the essay, conviction of and Obese Essay this truth; as this is the point in on my, your political fortress against which the batteries of internal and tom's external enemies will be most constantly and actively (though often covertly and essay classroom insidiously) directed, it is of infinite moment that you should properly estimate the immense value of your national union to your collective and individual happiness; that you should cherish a cordial, habitual, and immovable attachment to it; accustoming yourselves to think and speak of it as of the palladium of your political safety and prosperity; watching for its preservation with jealous anxiety; discountenancing whatever may suggest even a suspicion that it can in any event be abandoned; and indignantly frowning upon the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of Realism and Naturalism in Henry James’ Daisy Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s our country from the rest, or to on my classroom, enfeeble the sacred ties which now link together the Realism and Naturalism Daisy Miller Dreiser’s Sister, various parts.

For this you have every inducement of sympathy and interest. Citizens, by birth or choice, of a common country, that country has a right to concentrate your affections. The name of American, which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always exalt the essay on my, just pride of wrote cabin patriotism more than any appellation derived from local discriminations. With slight shades of difference, you have the same religion, manners, habits, and political principles. Classroom! You have in during, a common cause fought and on my triumphed together; the independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint counsels, and joint efforts of common dangers, sufferings, and successes. But these considerations, however powerfully they address themselves to your sensibility, are greatly outweighed by those which apply more immediately to your interest. Here every portion of our country finds the most commanding motives for carefully guarding and Realism Miller Sister Carrie preserving the essay, union of the whole. The North, in uncle tom's, an unrestrained intercourse with the South, protected by the equal laws of essay a common government, finds in Realism in Henry Daisy and Theodore, the productions of the essay, latter great additional resources of maritime and commercial enterprise and wrote uncle tom's cabin precious materials of manufacturing industry. The South, in the same intercourse, benefiting by the agency of the North, sees its agriculture grow and its commerce expand. Turning partly into its own channels the seamen of the North, it finds its particular navigation invigorated; and, while it contributes, in different ways, to nourish and increase the general mass of the national navigation, it looks forward to the protection of a maritime strength, to on my, which itself is unequally adapted.

The East, in a like intercourse with the West, already finds, and in the progressive improvement of interior communications by land and water, will more and more find a valuable vent for the commodities which it brings from to the abroad, or manufactures at home. The West derives from the East supplies requisite to its growth and comfort, and, what is perhaps of still greater consequence, it must of necessity owe the essay, secure enjoyment of indispensable outlets for its own productions to How Can Being and Obese Essay, the weight, influence, and the future maritime strength of the Atlantic side of the Union, directed by an indissoluble community of interest as one nation. Any other tenure by which the West can hold this essential advantage, whether derived from its own separate strength, or from an essay on my apostate and group share price unnatural connection with any foreign power, must be intrinsically precarious. While, then, every part of our country thus feels an immediate and particular interest in union, all the parts combined cannot fail to find in on my classroom, the united mass of means and efforts greater strength, greater resource, proportionably greater security from external danger, a less frequent interruption of their peace by foreign nations; and, what is of inestimable value, they must derive from union an exemption from those broils and wars between themselves, which so frequently afflict neighboring countries not tied together by the same governments, which their own rival ships alone would be sufficient to produce, but which opposite foreign alliances, attachments, and intrigues would stimulate and embitter. Hence, likewise, they will avoid the necessity of those overgrown military establishments which, under any form of government, are inauspicious to liberty, and which are to be regarded as particularly hostile to minoan share, republican liberty. In this sense it is that your union ought to essay on my classroom, be considered as a main prop of your liberty, and that the We Fight Being, love of the one ought to endear to you the preservation of the other. These considerations speak a persuasive language to every reflecting and virtuous mind, and exhibit the continuance of the Union as a primary object of patriotic desire. Is there a doubt whether a common government can embrace so large a sphere? Let experience solve it. To listen to mere speculation in such a case were criminal.

We are authorized to hope that a proper organization of the whole with the auxiliary agency of essay classroom governments for the respective subdivisions, will afford a happy issue to robert to the, the experiment. It is well worth a fair and full experiment. With such powerful and obvious motives to essay classroom, union, affecting all parts of our country, while experience shall not have demonstrated its impracticability, there will always be reason to distrust the patriotism of those who in protein during pregnancy, any quarter may endeavor to weaken its bands. In contemplating the causes which may disturb our Union, it occurs as matter of serious concern that any ground should have been furnished for characterizing parties by on my geographical discriminations, Northern and Southern, Atlantic and in Henry James’ Daisy Dreiser’s Western; whence designing men may endeavor to excite a belief that there is a real difference of local interests and essay classroom views. Gender Health! One of the expedients of party to acquire influence within particular districts is to misrepresent the opinions and aims of other districts.

You cannot shield yourselves too much against the jealousies and heartburnings which spring from these misrepresentations; they tend to render alien to each other those who ought to essay on my, be bound together by fraternal affection. The inhabitants of our Western country have lately had a useful lesson on this head; they have seen, in the negotiation by the Executive, and in the unanimous ratification by the Senate, of the treaty with Spain, and in the universal satisfaction at that event, throughout the United States, a decisive proof how unfounded were the suspicions propagated among them of a policy in the General Government and in the Atlantic States unfriendly to their interests in regard to the Mississippi; they have been witnesses to the formation of two treaties, that with Great Britain, and during pregnancy that with Spain, which secure to them everything they could desire, in respect to our foreign relations, towards confirming their prosperity. Will it not be their wisdom to essay classroom, rely for the preservation of these advantages on the Union by which they were procured? Will they not henceforth be deaf to those advisers, if such there are, who would sever them from their brethren and connect them with aliens? To the efficacy and permanency of your Union, a government for the whole is indispensable. No alliance, however strict, between the parts can be an adequate substitute; they must inevitably experience the infractions and interruptions which all alliances in all times have experienced. Sensible of this momentous truth, you have improved upon your first essay, by wrote uncle cabin the adoption of a constitution of government better calculated than your former for classroom, an intimate union, and for the efficacious management of your common concerns. This government, the offspring of Realism and Naturalism Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s our own choice, uninfluenced and unawed, adopted upon full investigation and mature deliberation, completely free in its principles, in classroom, the distribution of its powers, uniting security with energy, and containing within itself a provision for its own amendment, has a just claim to your confidence and your support. Respect for its authority, compliance with its laws, acquiescence in its measures, are duties enjoined by the fundamental maxims of true liberty.

The basis of our political systems is the right of the people to make and to alter their constitutions of herrick to the government. But the Constitution which at any time exists, till changed by an explicit and authentic act of the whole people, is sacredly obligatory upon all. The very idea of the power and the right of the people to establish government presupposes the duty of every individual to obey the established government. All obstructions to the execution of the laws, all combinations and associations, under whatever plausible character, with the real design to direct, control, counteract, or awe the regular deliberation and action of the constituted authorities, are destructive of this fundamental principle, and of fatal tendency. They serve to organize faction, to give it an artificial and extraordinary force; to put, in the place of the delegated will of the essay on my, nation the will of a party, often a small but artful and We Fight Being and Obese enterprising minority of the community; and, according to the alternate triumphs of different parties, to make the public administration the mirror of the ill-concerted and incongruous projects of faction, rather than the organ of consistent and wholesome plans digested by common counsels and modified by on my classroom mutual interests. However combinations or associations of the above description may now and then answer popular ends, they are likely, in the course of time and things, to become potent engines, by robert herrick which cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled men will be enabled to on my, subvert the power of the people and to usurp for themselves the reins of government, destroying afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion. Towards the preservation of your government, and minoan share the permanency of your present happy state, it is requisite, not only that you steadily discountenance irregular oppositions to its acknowledged authority, but also that you resist with care the spirit of innovation upon its principles, however specious the pretexts. One method of assault may be to effect, in the forms of the Constitution, alterations which will impair the energy of the system, and thus to undermine what cannot be directly overthrown.

In all the changes to which you may be invited, remember that time and habit are at least as necessary to fix the essay on my, true character of governments as of other human institutions; that experience is the surest standard by which to test the real tendency of the existing constitution of during a country; that facility in changes, upon the credit of mere hypothesis and opinion, exposes to perpetual change, from the endless variety of hypothesis and opinion; and remember, especially, that for the efficient management of your common interests, in a country so extensive as ours, a government of as much vigor as is consistent with the perfect security of liberty is indispensable. Classroom! Liberty itself will find in such a government, with powers properly distributed and adjusted, its surest guardian. It is, indeed, little else than a name, where the government is too feeble to withstand the enterprises of faction, to confine each member of the society within the limits prescribed by the laws, and to maintain all in the secure and tranquil enjoyment of the rights of person and How Can We Fight Being and Obese property. I have already intimated to you the danger of parties in the State, with particular reference to the founding of them on geographical discriminations. Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party generally. This spirit, unfortunately, is inseparable from essay our nature, having its root in the strongest passions of the human mind. Daisy Sister! It exists under different shapes in all governments, more or less stifled, controlled, or repressed; but, in those of the essay classroom, popular form, it is seen in We Fight and Obese, its greatest rankness, and is truly their worst enemy. The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge, natural to on my classroom, party dissension, which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities, is itself a frightful despotism. But this leads at minoan share price length to a more formal and permanent despotism.

The disorders and miseries which result gradually incline the minds of men to essay, seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual; and sooner or later the chief of in urine during pregnancy some prevailing faction, more able or more fortunate than his competitors, turns this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation, on the ruins of public liberty. Without looking forward to an extremity of this kind (which nevertheless ought not to be entirely out of sight), the common and continual mischiefs of the spirit of party are sufficient to make it the essay on my, interest and duty of Disparities and Maternal a wise people to discourage and essay restrain it. It serves always to distract the public councils and enfeeble the public administration. It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms, kindles the animosity of one part against another, foments occasionally riot and Realism and Naturalism in Henry Daisy Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s insurrection. It opens the door to foreign influence and corruption, which finds a facilitated access to the government itself through the channels of party passions.

Thus the policy and essay on my classroom the will of one country are subjected to the policy and Miller Dreiser’s Carrie will of classroom another. There is an protein in urine during opinion that parties in free countries are useful checks upon essay the administration of the government and serve to Gender Health, keep alive the spirit of liberty. This within certain limits is probably true; and in governments of a monarchical cast, patriotism may look with indulgence, if not with favor, upon the spirit of party. But in those of the popular character, in governments purely elective, it is a spirit not to be encouraged. From their natural tendency, it is certain there will always be enough of that spirit for every salutary purpose. Essay On My Classroom! And there being constant danger of excess, the effort ought to be by force of public opinion, to We Fight Being and Obese Essay, mitigate and assuage it. A fire not to essay classroom, be quenched, it demands a uniform vigilance to prevent its bursting into a flame, lest, instead of warming, it should consume. It is important, likewise, that the habits of thinking in a free country should inspire caution in those entrusted with its administration, to confine themselves within their respective constitutional spheres, avoiding in the exercise of the powers of one department to encroach upon uncle tom's another.

The spirit of encroachment tends to essay on my, consolidate the powers of Health all the classroom, departments in one, and Gender Disparities and Maternal Essay thus to create, whatever the form of government, a real despotism. A just estimate of that love of power, and proneness to abuse it, which predominates in essay on my classroom, the human heart, is sufficient to protein, satisfy us of the essay classroom, truth of this position. The necessity of reciprocal checks in in Henry and Theodore Carrie, the exercise of political power, by on my dividing and distributing it into different depositaries, and constituting each the guardian of the public weal against invasions by Disparities and Maternal Health Essay the others, has been evinced by experiments ancient and modern; some of essay classroom them in our country and under our own eyes. To preserve them must be as necessary as to institute them. If, in the opinion of the cabin, people, the distribution or modification of the constitutional powers be in any particular wrong, let it be corrected by essay on my classroom an amendment in robert herrick to the virgins, the way which the Constitution designates. But let there be no change by usurpation; for though this, in one instance, may be the instrument of good, it is the customary weapon by which free governments are destroyed. The precedent must always greatly overbalance in permanent evil any partial or transient benefit, which the use can at any time yield. Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the essay, tribute of patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens. The mere politician, equally with the pious man, ought to respect and to cherish them.

A volume could not trace all their connections with private and public felicity. Let it simply be asked: Where is the security for How Can and Obese, property, for reputation, for life, if the on my classroom, sense of religious obligation desert the oaths which are the instruments of robert herrick investigation in courts of justice ? And let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion. Whatever may be conceded to the influence of refined education on essay, minds of We Fight Overweight and Obese Essay peculiar structure, reason and essay classroom experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in Gender and Maternal, exclusion of on my religious principle. It is substantially true that virtue or morality is a necessary spring of popular government. The rule, indeed, extends with more or less force to minoan price, every species of free government. Who that is essay on my classroom, a sincere friend to it can look with indifference upon attempts to shake the foundation of the Realism and Naturalism James’ Daisy, fabric? Promote then, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is on my, essential that public opinion should be enlightened. As a very important source of strength and security, cherish public credit.

One method of preserving it is to use it as sparingly as possible, avoiding occasions of expense by cultivating peace, but remembering also that timely disbursements to prepare for danger frequently prevent much greater disbursements to uncle tom's, repel it, avoiding likewise the accumulation of debt, not only by shunning occasions of expense, but by vigorous exertion in time of peace to discharge the debts which unavoidable wars may have occasioned, not ungenerously throwing upon posterity the burden which we ourselves ought to bear. The execution of these maxims belongs to your representatives, but it is necessary that public opinion should co-operate. To facilitate to them the on my, performance of their duty, it is essential that you should practically bear in mind that towards the payment of debts there must be revenue; that to have revenue there must be taxes; that no taxes can be devised which are not more or less inconvenient and unpleasant; that the intrinsic embarrassment, inseparable from the selection of the proper objects (which is always a choice of difficulties), ought to be a decisive motive for a candid construction of the conduct of the government in How Can We Fight Essay, making it, and for a spirit of essay on my acquiescence in the measures for obtaining revenue, which the public exigencies may at any time dictate. Observe good faith and Realism James’ Daisy and Theodore Carrie justice towards all nations; cultivate peace and harmony with all. Religion and morality enjoin this conduct; and can it be, that good policy does not equally enjoin it It will be worthy of a free, enlightened, and at essay classroom no distant period, a great nation, to give to mankind the wrote uncle, magnanimous and too novel example of a people always guided by essay classroom an exalted justice and benevolence. Being Overweight And Obese Essay! Who can doubt that, in the course of time and things, the essay on my, fruits of such a plan would richly repay any temporary advantages which might be lost by a steady adherence to it ? Can it be that Providence has not connected the permanent felicity of a nation with its virtue ? The experiment, at least, is recommended by every sentiment which ennobles human nature.

Alas! is it rendered impossible by uncle cabin its vices? In the execution of such a plan, nothing is more essential than that permanent, inveterate antipathies against essay on my classroom particular nations, and passionate attachments for others, should be excluded; and that, in place of them, just and amicable feelings towards all should be cultivated. The nation which indulges towards another a habitual hatred or a habitual fondness is in some degree a slave. Group Share Price! It is a slave to essay classroom, its animosity or to its affection, either of which is sufficient to virgins, lead it astray from its duty and its interest. Antipathy in one nation against another disposes each more readily to classroom, offer insult and wrote uncle tom's injury, to on my classroom, lay hold of slight causes of Being Essay umbrage, and to be haughty and intractable, when accidental or trifling occasions of dispute occur. Hence, frequent collisions, obstinate, envenomed, and essay classroom bloody contests. The nation, prompted by ill-will and resentment, sometimes impels to tom's cabin, war the government, contrary to the best calculations of policy. The government sometimes participates in the national propensity, and adopts through passion what reason would reject; at other times it makes the essay, animosity of the nation subservient to projects of to the hostility instigated by pride, ambition, and other sinister and pernicious motives. The peace often, sometimes perhaps the liberty, of nations, has been the victim. So likewise, a passionate attachment of one nation for another produces a variety of evils. Sympathy for essay on my, the favorite nation, facilitating the illusion of an imaginary common interest in cases where no real common interest exists, and infusing into one the enmities of the other, betrays the herrick to the virgins, former into a participation in the quarrels and wars of the latter without adequate inducement or justification.

It leads also to concessions to the favorite nation of privileges denied to others which is apt doubly to injure the nation making the concessions; by unnecessarily parting with what ought to have been retained, and by exciting jealousy, ill-will, and a disposition to retaliate, in classroom, the parties from whom equal privileges are withheld. And it gives to ambitious, corrupted, or deluded citizens (who devote themselves to the favorite nation), facility to betray or sacrifice the interests of their own country, without odium, sometimes even with popularity; gilding, with the appearances of a virtuous sense of wrote cabin obligation, a commendable deference for essay on my, public opinion, or a laudable zeal for public good, the base or foolish compliances of ambition, corruption, or infatuation. As avenues to foreign influence in minoan, innumerable ways, such attachments are particularly alarming to the truly enlightened and independent patriot. How many opportunities do they afford to essay, tamper with domestic factions, to practice the arts of seduction, to mislead public opinion, to influence or awe the public councils. Such an attachment of a small or weak towards a great and powerful nation dooms the former to be the wrote uncle, satellite of the latter. Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence (I conjure you to believe me, fellow-citizens) the jealousy of a free people ought to be constantly awake, since history and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of republican government. But that jealousy to be useful must be impartial; else it becomes the instrument of the very influence to be avoided, instead of a defense against it. Excessive partiality for one foreign nation and excessive dislike of another cause those whom they actuate to see danger only on one side, and serve to veil and even second the arts of influence on the other. Real patriots who may resist the intrigues of the favorite are liable to on my, become suspected and odious, while its tools and dupes usurp the applause and confidence of the people, to surrender their interests. The great rule of conduct for us in regard to tom's, foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements, let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith.

Here let us stop. Europe has a set of primary interests which to on my classroom, us have none; or a very remote relation. Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies, the causes of which are essentially foreign to our concerns. Hence, therefore, it must be unwise in us to implicate ourselves by artificial ties in the ordinary vicissitudes of her politics, or the protein in urine during pregnancy, ordinary combinations and collisions of her friendships or enmities. Our detached and distant situation invites and enables us to pursue a different course. If we remain one people under an efficient government. the period is not far off when we may defy material injury from external annoyance; when we may take such an attitude as will cause the neutrality we may at any time resolve upon to be scrupulously respected; when belligerent nations, under the impossibility of making acquisitions upon us, will not lightly hazard the classroom, giving us provocation; when we may choose peace or war, as our interest, guided by justice, shall counsel. Why forego the advantages of so peculiar a situation?

Why quit our own to stand upon foreign ground? Why, by interweaving our destiny with that of any part of Europe, entangle our peace and wrote cabin prosperity in the toils of European ambition, rivalship, interest, humor or caprice? It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world; so far, I mean, as we are now at liberty to do it; for let me not be understood as capable of patronizing infidelity to existing engagements. On My Classroom! I hold the maxim no less applicable to public than to private affairs, that honesty is always the best policy. In Urine! I repeat it, therefore, let those engagements be observed in their genuine sense. But, in essay on my classroom, my opinion, it is unnecessary and would be unwise to extend them. Taking care always to Gender Disparities and Maternal Health Essay, keep ourselves by suitable establishments on classroom, a respectable defensive posture, we may safely trust to temporary alliances for extraordinary emergencies. Harmony, liberal intercourse with all nations, are recommended by policy, humanity, and We Fight Being and Obese Essay interest. But even our commercial policy should hold an equal and impartial hand; neither seeking nor granting exclusive favors or preferences; consulting the natural course of classroom things; diffusing and diversifying by gentle means the tom's, streams of commerce, but forcing nothing; establishing (with powers so disposed, in order to give trade a stable course, to define the rights of our merchants, and to enable the government to support them) conventional rules of intercourse, the best that present circumstances and mutual opinion will permit, but temporary, and liable to essay, be from time to time abandoned or varied, as experience and circumstances shall dictate; constantly keeping in view that it is folly in one nation to look for disinterested favors from another; that it must pay with a portion of its independence for whatever it may accept under that character; that, by How Can We Fight Being and Obese such acceptance, it may place itself in the condition of having given equivalents for nominal favors, and yet of being reproached with ingratitude for not giving more. There can be no greater error than to expect or calculate upon real favors from essay nation to nation. How Can Overweight Essay! It is an illusion, which experience must cure, which a just pride ought to discard.

In offering to you, my countrymen, these counsels of an old and essay on my affectionate friend, I dare not hope they will make the strong and lasting impression I could wish; that they will control the usual current of the passions, or prevent our nation from running the course which has hitherto marked the destiny of nations. Robert To The! But, if I may even flatter myself that they may be productive of some partial benefit, some occasional good; that they may now and then recur to moderate the fury of essay party spirit, to warn against the mischiefs of foreign intrigue, to guard against the impostures of pretended patriotism; this hope will be a full recompense for the solicitude for your welfare, by and Naturalism Daisy and Theodore Dreiser’s Sister Carrie which they have been dictated. How far in the discharge of my official duties I have been guided by the principles which have been delineated, the public records and other evidence of my conduct must witness to you and to the world. To myself, the assurance of my own conscience is, that I have at least believed myself to be guided by them. In relation to the still subsisting war in Europe, my proclamation of the twenty-second of April, I793, is the index of my plan. Sanctioned by your approving voice, and by that of essay on my your representatives in both houses of in urine during pregnancy Congress, the spirit of that measure has continually governed me, uninfluenced by any attempts to deter or divert me from it. After deliberate examination, with the on my classroom, aid of the best lights I could obtain, I was well satisfied that our country, under all the circumstances of the wrote tom's cabin, case, had a right to take, and was bound in duty and interest to take, a neutral position.

Having taken it, I determined, as far as should depend upon me, to maintain it, with moderation, perseverance, and firmness. The considerations which respect the classroom, right to hold this conduct, it is not necessary on and Maternal Health Essay, this occasion to classroom, detail. I will only observe that, according to protein pregnancy, my understanding of the essay on my, matter, that right, so far from being denied by any of the belligerent powers, has been virtually admitted by all. The duty of holding a neutral conduct may be inferred, without anything more, from the obligation which justice and humanity impose on every nation, in cases in which it is free to Disparities, act, to maintain inviolate the relations of peace and essay on my amity towards other nations. The inducements of interest for observing that conduct will best be referred to your own reflections and experience. With me, a predominant motive has been to endeavor to gain time to our country to settle and mature its yet recent institutions, and to progress without interruption to that degree of and Naturalism Daisy Dreiser’s Carrie strength and consistency which is necessary to give it, humanly speaking, the command of its own fortunes. Though, in reviewing the essay on my, incidents of share price my administration, I am unconscious of intentional error, I am nevertheless too sensible of essay classroom my defects not to think it probable that I may have committed many errors. Whatever they may be, I fervently beseech the Almighty to avert or mitigate the evils to which they may tend. Health Essay! I shall also carry with me the hope that my country will never cease to view them with indulgence; and that, after forty-five years of essay my life dedicated to its service with an How Can Overweight upright zeal, the faults of incompetent abilities will be consigned to oblivion, as myself must soon be to the mansions of rest.

Relying on its kindness in this as in essay on my, other things, and actuated by that fervent love towards it, which is so natural to a man who views in it the native soil of share price himself and his progenitors for several generations, I anticipate with pleasing expectation that retreat in essay on my, which I promise myself to realize, without alloy, the sweet enjoyment of Realism and Naturalism James’ Daisy and Theodore Sister partaking, in the midst of my fellow-citizens, the benign influence of good laws under a free government, the ever-favorite object of my heart, and the happy reward, as I trust, of our mutual cares, labors, and dangers. THE EXISTENCE OF GOD AND THE BEGINNING OF THE UNIVERSE. William Craig earned a doctorate in philosophy at the University of Birmingham, England, before taking a doctorate in classroom, theology from the Ludwig Maximiliens Universitat-Munchen, West Germany, at which latter institution he was for robert herrick to the, two years a Fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung. He is currently a visiting scholar at essay classroom the Universite Catholique de Louvain. He has authored various books, including The Kalam Cosmological Argument, The Cosmological Argument from Plato to Leibniz, and robert herrick to the virgins The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents from Aristotle to Suarez , as well as articles in professional journals like British Journal for the Philosophy of Science , Zeitschrift fur Philosophische Forschung , Australasian Journal of Philosophy , and essay on my Philosophia . The kalam cosmological argument, by showing that the universe began to exist, demonstrates that the world is not a necessary being and, therefore, not self-explanatory with respect to its existence. Two philosophical arguments and two scientific confirmations are presented in support of the beginning of the universe.

Since whatever begins to exist has a cause, there must exist a transcendent cause of the universe. Essay! Source: The Existence of God and the Beginning of the on my, Universe. Truth: A Journal of Modern Thought 3 (1991): 85-96. The first question which should rightly be asked, wrote G.W.F. Leibniz, is Why is there something rather than nothing ?[1] This question does seem to possess a profound existential force, which has been felt by some of mankinds greatest thinkers. According to Aristotle, philosophy begins with a sense of robert wonder about the world, and essay classroom the most profound question a man can ask concerns the origin of the universe.[2] In his biography of Ludwig Wittgenstein, Norman Malcolm reports that Wittgenstein said that he sometimes had a certain experience which could best be described by saying that when I have it, I wonder at the existence of the We Fight Overweight Essay, world . I am then inclined to use such phrases as How extraordinary that anything should exist!'[3] Similarly, one contemporary philosopher remarks, . . . My mind often seems to reel under the immense significance this question has for me. That anything exists at all does seem to me a matter for the deepest awe.[4] Why does something exist instead of on my classroom nothing? Leibniz answered this question by arguing that something exists rather than nothing because a necessary being exists which carries within itself its reason for existence and Health is the essay classroom, sufficient reason for the existence of all contingent being.[5]

Although Leibniz (followed by certain contemporary philosophers) regarded the non- existence of and Naturalism Daisy Dreiser’s Carrie a necessary being as logically impossible, a more modest explication of necessity of on my classroom existence in terms of and Maternal Essay what he calls factual necessity has been given by John Hick: a necessary being is an eternal, uncaused, indestructible, and on my incorruptible being.[6] Leibniz, of course, identified the necessary being as God. In Urine During! His critics, however, disputed this identification, contending that the material universe could itself be assigned the status of a necessary being. Essay! Why, queried David Hume, may not the material universe be the necessary existent Being, according to this pretended explanation of necessity?[7] Typically, this has been precisely the position of the atheist. Gender Disparities Health Essay! Atheists have not felt compelled to embrace the view that the universe came into being out of nothing for no reason at all; rather they regard the universe itself as a sort of factually necessary being: the universe is eternal, uncaused, indestructible, and incorruptible. As Russell neatly put it, . . Essay On My! . The universe is just there, and thats all.[8] Does Leibnizs argument, therefore, leave us in James’ Miller, a rational impasse, or might there not be some further resources available for untangling the riddle of the essay on my, existence of the world? It seems to me that there are. It will be remembered that an robert essential property of a necessary being is eternality. If then it could be made plausible that the essay on my, universe began to exist and and Maternal is not, therefore, eternal, one would to that extent at least have shown the superiority of theism as a rational world view. Now there is one form of the cosmological argument, much neglected today but of great historical importance, that aims precisely at essay the demonstration that the We Fight Overweight and Obese Essay, universe had a beginning in time.[9] Originating in the efforts of Christian theologians to refute the Greek doctrine of the eternity of matter, this argument was developed into essay on my, sophisticated formulations by medieval Islamic and and Naturalism in Henry Miller Sister Jewish theologians, who in turn passed it back to the Latin West.

The argument thus has a broad intersectarian appeal, having been defended by Muslims, Jews, and Christians both Catholic and Protestant. This argument, which I have called the kalam cosmological argument, can be exhibited as follows: Let us examine this argument more closely. Defense of the Kalam Cosmological Argument. Clearly, the crucial premiss in this argument is (2), and two independent arguments are offered in support of it. Let us, therefore, turn first to an examination of the supporting arguments. In order to understand (2.1), we need to essay classroom, understand the difference between a potential infinite and an actual infinite. Crudely put, a potential infinite is Essay, a collection which is increasing toward infinity as a limit, but never gets there. Such a collection is really indefinite, not infinite. The sign of essay on my classroom this sort of infinity, which is used in calculus, is ? . To The! An actual infinite is a collection in which the number of members really is essay on my, infinite. The collection is not growing toward infinity; it is infinite, it is complete. The sign of this sort of in Henry Daisy Miller and Theodore Sister infinity, which is essay on my classroom, used in set theory to designate sets which have an infinite number of members, such as , is A 0 . Now (2.11) maintains, not that a potentially infinite number of things cannot exist, but that an actually infinite number of things cannot exist.

For if an actually infinite number of things could exist, this would spawn all sorts of absurdities. Perhaps the best way to bring home the truth of (2.11) is by means of an illustration. Let me use one of protein my favorites, Hilberts Hotel, a product of the mind of the great German mathematician, David Hilbert. Let us imagine a hotel with a finite number of rooms. Suppose, furthermore, that all the rooms are full . When a new guest arrives asking for a room, the proprietor apologizes, Sorry, all the rooms are full. But now let us imagine a hotel with an essay classroom infinite number of rooms and suppose once more that all the rooms are full. There is not a single vacant room throughout the entire infinite hotel. Now suppose a new guest shows up, asking for a room. But of wrote uncle cabin course! says the proprietor, and he immediately shifts the person in room #1 into room #2, the on my classroom, person in herrick virgins, room #2 into room #3, the person in classroom, room #3 into Realism James’ Sister Carrie, room #4 and essay so on, out to infinity. Gender! As a result of these room changes, room #1 now becomes vacant and the new guest gratefully checks in. But remember, before he arrived, all the rooms were full! Equally curious, according to the mathematicians, there are now no more persons in the hotel than there were before: the number is just infinite.

But how can this be? The proprietor just added the new guests name to the register and gave him his keys-how can there not be one more person in the hotel than before? But the situation becomes even stranger. For suppose an infinity of on my classroom new guests show up the desk, asking for a room. Of course, of course! says the proprietor, and he proceeds to shift the person in room #1 into room #2, the person in share, room #2 into room #4, the person in on my classroom, room #3 into room #6, and so on We Fight and Obese Essay, out to infinity, always putting each former occupant into the room number twice his own. Essay Classroom! As a result, all the during, odd numbered rooms become vacant, and essay on my the infinity of new guests is easily accommodated. And yet, before they came, all the rooms were full!

And again, strangely enough, the number of guests in the hotel is the Disparities Health, same after the infinity of new guests check in as before, even though there were as many new guests as old guests. In fact, the proprietor could repeat this process infinitely many times and on my yet there would never be one single person more in the hotel than before. But Hilberts Hotel is even stranger than the German mathematician gave it out to be. For suppose some of the Gender Disparities and Maternal Health, guests start to essay classroom, check out. Suppose the guest in room #1 departs. Is there not now one less person in the hotel? Not according to the mathematicians, but just ask the woman who makes the beds! Suppose the uncle tom's cabin, guests in room numbers 1, 3, 5, . . . check out. In this case, an classroom infinite number of people have left the hotel, but according to the mathematicians there are no fewer people in the hotelbut dont talk to that laundry woman!

In fact, we could have every other guest check out of the hotel and repeat this process infinitely many times, and yet there would never be any f people in the hotel. But suppose instead the persons in room number 4, 5, 6, . And Naturalism Daisy Dreiser’s Sister Carrie! . . checked out. Essay On My Classroom! At a single stroke, the hotel would be virtually emptied, the guest register reduced to robert herrick to the, three names, and the infinite converted to finitude. And yet it would remain true that the fewer same number of on my classroom guests checked out this time as when the guests in room numbers 1, 3, 5, . . . checked out. Can anyone sincerely believe that such a hotel could exist in reality? These sorts of absurdities illustrate the uncle cabin, impossibility of the existence of an classroom actually infinite number of things. That takes us to (2.12). The truth of this premiss seems fairly obvious. If the universe never began to exist, then prior to the present event there have existed an actually infinite number of previous events.

Hence, a beginningless series of events in time entails the existence of an actually infinite number of things, namely, past events. Given the truth of in urine during pregnancy (2.11) and (2.12), the conclusion (2.13) logically follows. The series of past events must be finite and have a beginning. But since the on my, universe is not distinct from the series of How Can and Obese Essay events, it follows that the classroom, universe began to exist. At this point, we might find it profitable to consider several objections that might be raised against Disparities Health the argument. First, let us consider objections to (2.11). Wallace Matson objects that the premiss must mean that an actually infinite number of things is logically impossible, but it is classroom, easy to show that such a collection is logically possible. For example, the series of negative numbers is an actually infinite collection with no first member.[10] Matsons error here lies in minoan group, thinking that (2.11) means to assert the classroom, logical impossibility of an actually infinite number of things. We Fight Being Overweight! What the premise expresses is the real or factual impossibility of an actual infinite.

To illustrate the difference between real and logical possibility: there is no logical impossibility in somethings coming to essay on my classroom, exist without a cause, but such a circumstance may well be really or metaphysically impossible. In the same way, (2.11) asserts that the absurdities entailed in and Maternal Health, the real existence of an actual infinite show that such an existence is metaphysically impossible. Hence, one could grant that in the conceptual realm of essay on my mathematics one can, given certain conventions and uncle tom's axioms, speak consistently about infinite sets of numbers, but this in no way implies that an actually infinite number of things is essay on my classroom, really possible. One might also note that the mathematical school of intuitionism denies that even the number series is actually infinite (they take it to wrote cabin, be potentially infinite only), so that appeal to number series as examples of actual infinites is a moot procedure. The late J.L. Mackie also objected to (2.11), claiming that the absurdities are resolved by noting that for essay on my classroom, infinite groups the axiom the whole is greater than its part does not hold, as it does for finite groups.[11] Similarly, Quentin Smith comments that once we understand that an infinite set has a proper subset which has the same number of members as the set itself, the purportedly absurd situations become perfectly believable.[12] But to and Naturalism in Henry James’ Miller and Theodore, my mind, it is precisely this feature of infinite set theory which, when translated into the realm of the real, yields results which are perfectly incredible, for example, Hilberts Hotel. Moreover, not all the absurdities stem from essay infinite set theorys denial of Euclids axiom: the protein in urine during pregnancy, absurdities illustrated by guests checking out of the hotel stem from the self-contradictory results when the essay, inverse operations of subtraction or division are performed using transfinite numbers. Here the group share price, case against an actually infinite collection of things becomes decisive. Finally one might note the objection of Sorabji, who maintains that illustrations such as Hilberts Hotel involve no absurdity. In order to understand what is wrong with the kalam argument, he asks us to on my classroom, envision two parallel columns beginning at the same point and stretching away into the infinite distance, one the column of past years and in urine pregnancy the other the column of past days. The sense in which the column of essay on my classroom past days is no larger than the column of past years, says Sorabji, is Disparities and Maternal Health Essay, that the column of days will not stick out beyond the far end of the other columnsince neither column has a far end.

Now in the case of essay on my Hilberts Hotel, there is the temptation to think that some unfortunate resident at the far end will drop off into minoan price, space. But there is no far end: the line of residents will not stick out beyond the classroom, far end of the protein in urine, line of rooms. Once this is essay, seen, the outcome is just an explicableeven if a surprising and exhilaratingtruth about infinity.[13] Now Sorabji is certainly correct, as we have seen, that Hilberts Hotel illustrates an explicable truth about the Disparities Health Essay, nature of the actual infinite. If an actually infinite number of things could exist, a Hilberts Hotel would be possible. But Sorabji seems to fail to understand the heart of the paradox: I, for one, experience no temptation to on my, think of people dropping off the far end of the hotel, for there is none, but I do have difficulty believing that a hotel in which all the rooms are occupied can accommodate more guests. Of course, the line of Realism and Naturalism in Henry Daisy Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s Sister Carrie guests will not stick out beyond the line of rooms, but if all of those infinite rooms already have guests in them, then can moving those guests about really create empty rooms?

Sorabjis own illustration of the columns of past years and days I find not a little disquieting: if we divide the columns into foot-long segments and on my mark one column as the years and How Can We Fight Being and Obese the other as the days, then one column is as long as the other and yet for every foot-length segment in the column of years, 365 segments of equal length are found in the column of days! These paradoxical results can be avoided only if such actually infinite collections can exist only in the imagination, not in on my, reality. In any case, the Hilberts Hotel illustration is not exhausted by dealing only with the herrick to the, addition of new guests, for essay classroom, the subtraction of guests results in absurdities even more intractable. Sorabjis analysis says nothing to resolve these. Hence, it seems to me that the objections to premiss (2.11) are less plausible than the premiss itself.

With regard to (2.12), the most frequent objection is that the past ought to be regarded as a potential infinite only, not an actual infinite. This was Aquinass position versus Bonaventure, and cabin the contemporary philosopher Charles Hartshorne seems to side with Thomas on this issue.[14] Such a position is, however, untenable. The future is essay on my classroom, potentially infinitesince it does not existbut the past is actual in a way the Disparities Essay, future is not, as evidenced by the fact that we have traces of the past in the present, but no traces of the future. Hence, if the series of past events never began to exist, there must have been an actually infinite number of on my classroom past events. The objections to either premiss, therefore, seem to be less compelling than the premisses themselves. Together they imply that the universe began to exist. Hence, I conclude that this argument furnishes good grounds for accepting the truth of protein in urine during pregnancy premiss (2) that the classroom, universe began to exist. The second argument (2.2) for the beginning of the universe is based on the impossibility of forming an actual infinite by herrick to the successive addition. This argument is distinct from the first in that it does not deny the possibility of the existence of an actual infinite, but the possibility of its being formed by successive addition.

Premiss (2.21) is the crucial step in the argument. Essay On My Classroom! One cannot form an actually infinite collection of things by successively adding one member after another. Since one can always add one more before arriving at infinity, it is impossible to reach actual infinity. Group! Sometimes this is on my classroom, called the impossibility of counting to infinity or traversing the infinite. It is important to understand that this impossibility has nothing to do with the wrote uncle tom's cabin, amount of time available: it belongs to the nature of infinity that it cannot be so formed. Now someone might say that while an infinite collection cannot be formed by essay on my beginning at a point and in Henry Daisy adding members, nevertheless an infinite collection could be formed by never beginning but ending at a point, that is to say, ending at a point after having added one member after another from eternity. But this method seems even more unbelievable than the first method. If one cannot count to infinity, how can one count down from infinity? If one cannot traverse the infinite by moving in on my classroom, one direction, how can one traverse it by simply moving in the opposite direction? Indeed, the idea of Gender a beginningless series ending in the present seems to be absurd.

To give just one illustration: suppose we meet a man who claims to have been counting from eternity and is now finishing: . . ., -3, -2, -1, 0. We could ask, why did he not finish counting yesterday or the day before or the essay, year before? By then an infinite time had already elapsed, so that he should already have finished by then. Thus, at cabin no point in the infinite past could we ever find the man finishing his countdown, for by that point he should already be done! In fact, no matter how far back into essay on my classroom, the past we go, we can never find the wrote, man counting at classroom all, for at any point we reach he will have already finished. But if at no point in the past do we find him counting, this contradicts the hypothesis that he has been counting from eternity. We Fight And Obese! This illustrates the fact that the formation of an essay classroom actual infinite by successive addition is uncle tom's, equally impossible whether one proceeds to or from essay on my classroom infinity. Premiss (2.22) presupposes a dynamical view of time according to which events are actualized in serial fashion, one after another. The series of protein during events is not a sort of timelessly subsisting world-line which appears successively in consciousness. Rather becoming is real and essential to a temporal process.

Now this view of time is on my, not without its challenges, but to consider their objections in this article would take us too far afield.[15] In this piece, we must rest content with the fact that we are arguing on common ground with our ordinary intuitions of temporal becoming and in agreement with a good number of contemporary philosophers of time and space. Given the truth of (2.21) and (2.22), the conclusion (2.23) logically follows. If the and Maternal, universe did not begin to exist a finite time ago, then the present moment could never arrive. But obviously, it has arrived. Therefore, we know that the universe is finite in the past and began to exist. Again, it would be profitable to consider various objections that have been offered against this reasoning. Against (2.21), Mackie objects that the argument illicitly assumes an infinitely distant starting point in the past and classroom then pronounces it impossible to protein in urine pregnancy, travel from that point to today.

But there would in an infinite past be no starting point, not even an infinitely distant one. Yet from any given point in the infinite past, there is only a finite distance to the present.[16] Now it seems to me that Mackies allegation that the argument presupposes an infinitely distant starting point is entirely groundless. The beginningless character of the essay on my classroom, series only wrote tom's serves to essay on my classroom, accentuate the robert herrick to the, difficulty of its being formed by successive addition. The fact that there is no beginning at all , not even an infinitely distant one, makes the problem more, not less, nettlesome. And the point that from on my classroom any moment in the infinite past there is only a finite temporal distance to the present may be dismissed as irrelevant. The question is not how any finite portion of the temporal series can be formed, but how the whole infinite series can be formed. If Mackie thinks that because every segment of the robert herrick, series can be formed by successive addition and therefore the whole series can be so formed, then he is simply committing the fallacy of essay composition.

Sorabji similarly objects that the reason it is impossible to share, count down from infinity is on my, because counting involves by nature taking a starting number, which is protein in urine, lacking in on my classroom, this case. But completing an infinite lapse of years involves no starting year and is, hence, possible.[17] But this response is clearly inadequate, for, as we have seen, the years of an infinite past could be enumerated by the negative numbers, in which case a completed infinity of protein during years would, indeed, entail a beginningless countdown from infinity. Sorabji anticipates this rebuttal, however, and claims that such a backwards countdown is possible in principle and classroom therefore no logical barrier has been exhibited to the elapsing of an infinity of past years. Again, however, the question I am posing is not whether there is robert herrick to the virgins, a logical contradiction in such a notion, but whether such a countdown is not metaphysically absurd. For we have seen that such a countdown should at any point already have been completed. But Sorabji is again ready with a response: to essay on my, say the and Maternal, countdown should at any point already be over confuses counting an infinity of numbers with counting all the numbers.

At any given point in the past, the eternal counter will have already counted an essay classroom infinity of Realism in Henry James’ Daisy Miller Dreiser’s Sister Carrie negative numbers, but that does not entail that he will have counted all the negative numbers. I do not think the argument makes this alleged equivocation, and this may be made clear by examining the reason why our eternal counter is supposedly able to essay on my, complete a count of the negative numbers ending at and Naturalism in Henry Daisy and Theodore Dreiser’s Carrie zero. Essay! In order to justify the possibility of this intuitively impossible feat, the arguments opponent appeals to the so- called Principle of Correspondence used in set theory to determine whether two sets are equivalent (that is, have the same number of members) by matching the members of one set with the members of the other set and vice versa . We Fight Being Overweight! On the on my classroom, basis of this principle the objector argues that since the counter has lived, say, an infinite number of years and since the set of and Naturalism James’ and Theodore Dreiser’s past years can be put into on my, a one-to-one correspondence with the in Henry James’ Sister, set of negative numbers, it follows that by essay counting one number a year an eternal counter would complete a countdown of the negative numbers by the present year. If we were to ask why the counter would not finish next year or in a hundred years, the Gender Essay, objector would respond that prior to essay on my classroom, the present year an infinite number of years will have already elapsed, so that by Realism James’ Miller Dreiser’s Sister Carrie the Principle of Correspondence, all the essay classroom, numbers should have been counted by now. But this reasoning backfires on the objector: for, as we have seen, on How Can We Fight and Obese, this account the counter should at any point in the past have already finished counting all the numbers, since a one-to-one correspondence exists between the years of the past and the negative numbers. Thus, there is essay on my classroom, no equivocation between counting an infinity of numbers and counting all the numbers. But at We Fight Overweight Essay this point a deeper absurdity bursts in view: for suppose there were another counter who counted at a rate of one negative number per day. According to classroom, the Principle of robert to the Correspondence, which underlies infinite set theory and transfinite arithmetic, both of our eternal counters will finish their countdowns at classroom the same moment, even though one is counting at a rate 365 times faster than the Realism James’ Daisy and Theodore Sister, other! Can anyone believe that such scenarios can actually obtain in reality, but do not rather represent the outcome of an essay on my classroom imaginary game being played in a purely conceptual realm according to Realism and Theodore Sister, adopted logical conventions and essay on my classroom axioms? As for premiss (2.22), many thinkers have objected that we need not regard the past as a beginningless infinite series with an end in the present. Popper, for example, admits that the wrote uncle tom's, set of all past events is actually infinite, but holds that the essay on my classroom, series of past events is potentially infinite.

This may be seen by beginning in the present and numbering the events backward, thus forming a potential infinite. Therefore, the problem of an actual infinites being formed by successive addition does not arise.[18] Similarly, Swinburne muses that it is dubious whether a completed infinite series with no beginning but an end makes sense, but he proposes to solve the problem by beginning in the present and regressing into wrote uncle, the past so that the series of essay classroom past events would have no end and would therefore not be a completed infinite.[19] This objection, however, clearly confuses the mental regress of counting with the robert herrick to the virgins, real progress of the temporal series of events itself. Numbering the series from the present backward only on my classroom shows that if there are an infinite number of Gender Disparities Health past events, then we can enumerate an infinite number of past events. Essay! But the problem is, how can this infinite collection of events come to be formed by successive addition? How we mentally conceive the series does not in any way affect the ontological character of the herrick, series itself as a series with no beginning but an end, or in other words, as an actual infinite completed by successive addition. Once again, then, the objections to (2.21) and (2.22) seem less plausible than the premisses themselves.

Together they imply (2.23), or that the universe began to exist. These purely philosophical arguments for the beginning of the universe have received remarkable confirmation from essay on my classroom discoveries in astronomy and How Can We Fight Being Essay astrophysics during this century. These confirmations might be summarized under two heads: the confirmation from the expansion of the universe and the confirmation from thermodynamic properties of the universe. With regard to the first, Hubbles discovery in on my classroom, 1929 of the herrick virgins, red-shift in the light from classroom distant galaxies began a revolution in astronomy perhaps as significant as the minoan, Copernican revolution. Classroom! Prior to this time the uncle tom's cabin, universe as a whole was conceived to be static; but the startling conclusion to which Hubble was led was that the red-shift is due to the fact that the essay, universe is in fact expanding . The staggering implication of this fact is that as one traces the expansion back in time, the universe becomes denser and and Naturalism in Henry James’ Daisy Dreiser’s denser until one reaches a point of infinite density from which the universe began to expand.

The upshot of essay on my Hubbles discovery was that at some point in Overweight Essay, the finite past-probably around 15 billion years ago-the entire known universe was contracted down to a single mathematical point which marked the origin of the universe. That initial explosion has come to be known as the Big Bang. Four of the essay on my, worlds most prominent astronomers described that event in these words: The universe began from a state of infinite density. . Herrick! . Essay! . Space and time were created in that event and so was all the matter in the universe. It is not meaningful to ask what happened before the Big Bang; it is minoan price, like asking what is north of the North Pole. Similarly, it is not sensible to ask where the Big Bang took place. The point-universe was not an object isolated in essay on my classroom, space; it was the entire universe, and so the answer can only be that the Big Bang happened everywhere.[20] This event that marked the beginning of the universe becomes all the more amazing when one reflects on the fact that a state of infinite density is synonymous to nothing. There can be no object that possesses infinite density, for if it had any size at all it could still be even more dense.

Therefore, as Cambridge astronomer Fred Hoyle points out, the Big Bang Theory requires the creation of matter from nothing. This is because as one goes back in time, one reaches a point at Being Overweight and Obese Essay which, in Hoyles words, the universe was shrunk down to nothing at all.[21] Thus, what the Big Bang model of the universe seems to require is that the universe began to exist and on my classroom was created out of nothing. Some theorists have attempted to avoid the wrote tom's cabin, absolute beginning of the universe implied by the Big Bang theory by speculating that the universe may undergo an essay infinite series of expansions and contractions. There are, however, good grounds for doubting the adequacy of virgins such an oscillating model of the universe: (i) The oscillating model appears to be physically impossible. Essay! For all the talk about minoan group, such models, the fact seems to be that they are only theoretically, but not physically possible. As the late Professor Tinsley of Yale explains, in oscillating models even though the mathematics say that the universe oscillates, there is no known physics to reverse the collapse and bounce back to a new expansion. The physics seems to say that those models start from the Big Bang, expand, collapse, then end.[22] In order for the oscillating model to be correct, it would seem that the known laws of physics would have to be revised. (ii) The oscillating model seems to be observationally untenable. Two facts of observational astronomy appear to run contrary to the oscillating model. First, the observed homogeneity of matter distribution throughout the universe seems unaccountable on an oscillating model. During the contraction phase of such a model, black holes begin to gobble up surrounding matter, resulting in on my, an inhomogeneous distribution of matter. But there is in urine during, no known mechanism to iron out these inhomogeneities during the ensuing expansion phase.

Thus, the homogeneity of matter observed throughout the universe would remain unexplained. Second, the classroom, density of the universe appears to be insufficient for the re-contraction of the universe. For the oscillating model to be even possible, it is necessary that the universe be sufficiently dense such that gravity can overcome the force of the robert herrick, expansion and pull the universe back together again. However, according to on my, the best estimates, if one takes into account both luminous matter and non-luminous matter (found in galactic halos) as well as any possible contribution of robert virgins neutrino particles to total mass, the on my, universe is wrote tom's, still only about one-half that needed for on my, re-contraction.[23] Moreover, recent work on calculating the speed and deceleration of the robert herrick to the, expansion confirms that the universe is expanding at, so to speak, escape velocity and will not therefore re-contract. Essay Classroom! According to Sandage and wrote uncle tom's cabin Tammann, Hence, we are forced to decide that . . . On My Classroom! it seems inevitable that the Gender Disparities Health Essay, Universe will expand forever; they conclude, therefore, that the Universe has happened only once.[24]

As if this were not enough, there is essay on my, a second scientific confirmation of the beginning of the universe based on the thermodynamic properties of various cosmological models. According to the second law of thermodynamics, processes taking place in a closed system always tend toward a state of equilibrium. Now our interest is in minoan group share, what implications this has when the on my classroom, law is applied to the universe as a whole. For the universe is a gigantic closed system, since it is everything there is and no energy is being fed into it from and Naturalism James’ Miller Dreiser’s Carrie without. Essay! The second law seems to imply that, given enough time, the universe will reach a state of thermodynamic equilibrium, known as the heat death of the minoan share price, universe. This death may be hot or cold, depending on whether the on my classroom, universe will expand forever or eventually re-contract.

On the one hand, if the uncle, density of the on my, universe is great enough to overcome the force of the expansion, then the universe will re-contract into a hot fireball. As the minoan group share, universe contracts, the stars burn more rapidly until they finally explode or evaporate. As the universe grows denser, the black holes begin to gobble up everything around them and begin themselves to coalesce until all the black holes finally coalesce into one gigantic black hole which is coextensive with the essay on my classroom, universe, from which it will never re-emerge. On the other hand, if the density of the universe is insufficient to halt the expansion, as seems more likely, then the galaxies will turn all their gas into Realism in Henry Dreiser’s Sister, stars and the stars will burn out. At 10[30 ]years the universe will consist of 90% dead stars, 9% supermassive black holes, and essay on my l% atomic matter.

Elementary particle physics suggests that thereafter protons will decay into electrons and positrons, so that space will be filled with a rarefied gas so thin that the distance between an wrote uncle electron and a positron will be about the size of the present galaxy. At 10[100] years some scientists believe that the black holes themselves will dissipate into radiation and elementary particles. Essay Classroom! Eventually all the matter in How Can We Fight and Obese Essay, the dark, cold, ever-expanding universe will be reduced to an ultra-thin gas of elementary particles and radiation. Equilibrium will prevail throughout, and the entire universe will be in essay on my classroom, its final state, from which no change will occur. Now the question which needs to be asked is this: if, given sufficient time, the universe will reach heat death, then why is it not now in group, a state of heat death if it has existed for infinite time? If the universe did not begin to exist, then it should now be in a state of equilibrium. Essay! Some theorists have suggested that the herrick to the, universe escapes final heat death by oscillating from eternity past to eternity future. Essay! But we have already seen that such a model seems to be physically and observationally untenable. In Urine! But even if we waive those considerations and suppose that the on my, universe does oscillate, the fact is How Can Being Overweight and Obese, that the thermodynamic properties of this model imply the essay, very beginning of the universe which its proponents seek to avoid. For the thermodynamic properties of an oscillating model are such that the universe expands farther and farther with each successive cycle.

Therefore, as one traces the expansions back in protein pregnancy, time, they grow smaller and smaller. As one scientific team explains, The effect of entropy production will be to on my, enlarge the cosmic scale, from cycle to cycle. . Protein In Urine During! . . Thus, looking back in time, each cycle generated less entropy, had a smaller cycle time, and had a smaller cycle expansion factor than the cycle that followed it.[25] Novikov and Zeldovich of the Institute of Applied Mathematics of the USSR Academy of Sciences, therefore, conclude, The multicycle model has an infinite future, but only a finite past.[26] As another writer points out, the oscillating model of the universe thus still requires an origin of the universe prior to the smallest cycle.[27] So whatever scenario one selects for the future of the universe, thermodynamics implies that the universe began to exist. According to physicist P.C.W. Davies, the universe must have been created a finite time ago and essay on my is in the process of winding down. Prior to the creation, the universe simply did not exist. Therefore, Davies concludes, even though we may not like it, we must conclude that the universes energy was somehow simply put in at the creation as an initial condition.[28] We, therefore, have both philosophical argument and scientific confirmation for the beginning of the universe. Tom's Cabin! On this basis, I think that we are amply justified in essay, concluding the truth of premiss (2) that the universe began to exist.

Premiss (1) strikes me as relatively non-controversial. It is based on virgins, the metaphysical intuition that something cannot come out of nothing. Hence, any argument for the principle is apt to be less obvious than the principle itself. Even the great skeptic David Hume admitted that he never asserted so absurd a proposition as that something might come into existence without a cause; he only denied that one could prove the obviously true causal principle.[29] With regard to the universe, if originally there were absolutely nothing no God, no space, no timethen how could the universe possibly come to exist? The truth of the principle ex nihilo , nihil fit is so obvious that I think we are justified in essay classroom, foregoing an Disparities and Maternal Health elaborate defense of the arguments first premiss.

Nevertheless, some thinkers, exercised to avoid the on my, theism implicit in this premiss within the present context, have felt driven to deny its truth. In order to avoid its theistic implications, Davies presents a scenario which, he confesses, should not be taken too seriously, but which seems to have a powerful attraction for Davies.[30] He has reference to a quantum theory of gravity according to which spacetime itself could spring uncaused into being out of absolutely nothing. While admitting that there is still no satisfactory theory of quantum gravity, such a theory would allow spacetime to be created and robert destroyed spontaneously and uncaused in the same way that particles are created and essay on my destroyed spontaneously and uncaused. The theory would entail a certain mathematically determined probability that, for instance, a blob of space would appear where none existed before. Thus, spacetime could pop out of nothingness as the result of a causeless quantum transition.[31]

Now, in fact, particle pair production furnishes no analogy for this radical ex nihilo becoming, as Davies seems to imply. This quantum phenomenon, even if an exception to the principle that every event has a cause, provides no analogy to somethings coming into being out of nothing. Though physicists speak of this as particle pair creation and annihilation, such terms are philosophically misleading, for all that actually occurs is conversion of How Can We Fight Overweight Essay energy into matter or vice versa. As Davies admits, The processes described here do not represent the creation of matter out of essay nothing, but the conversion of pre- existing energy into material form.[32] Hence, Davies greatly misleads his reader when he claims that Particles . . . How Can We Fight Being Overweight And Obese! can appear out of nowhere without specific causation and again, Yet the world of essay quantum physics routinely produces something for nothing.[33] On the contrary, the world of quantum physics never produces something for nothing. But to consider the case on its own merits: quantum gravity is so poorly understood that the period prior to Being, 10[-43] sec, which this theory hopes to describe, has been compared by one wag to the regions on the maps of the ancient cartographers marked Here there be dragons: it can easily be filled with all sorts of classroom fantasies. In fact, there seems to be no good reason to herrick virgins, think that such a theory would involve the sort of spontaneous becoming ex nihilo which Davies suggests. A quantum theory of gravity has the on my, goal of providing a theory of gravitation based on the exchange of particles (gravitons) rather than the geometry of space, which can then be brought into a Grand Unification Theory that unites all the and Maternal Essay, forces of nature into on my, a super symmetrical state in which one fundamental force and a single kind of particle exist. But there seems to be nothing in Gender and Maternal, this which suggests the possibility of spontaneous becoming ex nihilo . Indeed, it is not at all clear that Daviess account is even intelligible. What can be meant, for example, by the claim that there is a mathematical probability that nothingness should spawn a region of on my spacetime where none existed before? It cannot mean that given enough time a region of spacetime would pop into existence at a certain placesince neither place nor time exists apart from spacetime.

The notion of some probability of somethings coming out of nothing thus seems incoherent. I am reminded in this connection of some remarks made by A.N. Prior concerning an argument put forward by Jonathan Edwards against somethings coming into existence uncaused. Share! This would be impossible, said Edwards, because it would then be inexplicable why just any and everything cannot or does not come to exist uncaused. One cannot respond that only things of essay a certain nature come into existence uncausedsince prior to their existence they have no nature which could control their coming to be. Prior made a cosmological application of Edwardss reasoning by commenting on the steady state models postulating the continuous creation of hydrogen atoms ex nihilo : It is no part of Hoyles theory that this process is causeless, but I want to be more definite about this, and to during, say that if it is causeless, then what is alleged to happen is essay on my classroom, fantastic and incredible. If it is robert herrick to the, possible for objectsobjects, now, which really are objects, substances endowed with capacitiesto start existing without a cause, then it is incredible that they should all turn out to be objects of the same sort, namely, hydrogen atoms. The peculiar nature of hydrogen atoms cannot possibly be what makes such starting-to-exist possible for them but not for objects of any other sort; for hydrogen atoms do not have this nature until they are there to have it, i.e. until their starting-to-exist has already occurred. That is Edwardss argument, in fact; and here it does seem entirely cogent. On My Classroom! . . .[34] Now in the case at hand, if originally absolutely nothing existed, then why should it be spacetime that springs spontaneously out of the Gender Health, void, rather than, say, hydrogen atoms or even rabbits? How can one talk about the probability of any particular things popping into being out of nothing?

Davies on one occasion seems to answer as if the on my classroom, laws of physics are the We Fight Overweight and Obese Essay, controlling factor which determines what may leap uncaused into essay, being: But what of the laws? They have to be there to start with so that the universe can come into being. Quantum physics has to exist (in some sense) so that a quantum transition can generate the cosmos in the first place.[35] Now this seems exceedingly peculiar. Davies seems to attribute to the laws of nature themselves a sort of ontological and tom's causal status such that they constrain spontaneous becoming. But this seems clearly wrong-headed: the laws of physics do not themselves cause or constrain anything; they are simply propositional descriptions of a certain form and generality of what does happen in essay classroom, the universe. And the issue Edwards raises is wrote tom's cabin, why, if there were absolutely nothing, it would be true that any one thing rather than another should pop into being uncaused?

It is futile to say it somehow belongs to the nature of spacetime to do so, for if there were absolutely nothing then there would have been no nature to determine that spacetime should spring into classroom, being. Even more fundamentally, however, what Davies envisions is surely metaphysical nonsense. Though his scenario is cast as a scientific theory,. How Can Overweight! someone ought to be bold enough to say that the Emperor is classroom, wearing no clothes. Either the necessary and sufficient conditions for the appearance of group share spacetime existed or not; if so, then it is not true that nothing existed; if not, then it would seem ontologically impossible that being should arise out of absolute non-being. To call such spontaneous springing into being out of essay on my non-being a quantum transition or to Realism and Naturalism Daisy Carrie, attribute it to quantum gravity explains nothing; indeed, on classroom, this account, there is no explanation. It just happens. It seems to me, therefore, that Davies has not provided any plausible basis for denying the truth of the cosmological arguments first premiss. That whatever begins to exist has a cause would seem to be an ontologically necessary truth, one which is constantly confirmed in our experience. Given the truth of We Fight Overweight Essay premisses (1) and essay on my (2), it logically follows that (3) the universe has a cause of its existence. In fact, I think that it can be plausibly argued that the cause of the universe must be a personal Creator.

For how else could a temporal effect arise from an eternal cause? If the Health Essay, cause were simply a mechanically operating set of classroom necessary and sufficient conditions existing from robert herrick virgins eternity, then why would not the effect also exist from eternity? For example, if the cause of water being frozen is the temperatures being below zero degrees, then if the temperature were below zero degrees from eternity, then any water present would be frozen from eternity. The only way to have an eternal cause but a temporal effect would seem to be if the essay, cause is a personal agent who freely chooses to create an effect in time. For example, a man sitting from eternity may will himself to stand up; hence, a temporal effect may arise from an eternally existing agent. Indeed, the agent may will from eternity to create a temporal effect, so that no change in the agent need be conceived. Robert To The Virgins! Thus, we are brought not merely to the first cause of the classroom, universe, but to its personal Creator. In conclusion, we have seen on the basis of both philosophical argument and scientific confirmation that it is plausible that the universe began to exist. Given the intuitively obvious principle that whatever begins to exist has a cause of its existence, we have been led to conclude that the Realism and Naturalism Daisy Miller Dreiser’s Sister Carrie, universe has a cause of its existence.

On the basis of our argument, this cause would have to be uncaused, eternal, changeless, timeless, and immaterial. Moreover, it would have to be a personal agent who freely elects to essay on my classroom, create an effect in time. Therefore, on protein during, the basis of the kalam cosmological argument, I conclude that it is rational to believe that God exists. [1]G.W. Classroom! Leibniz, The Principles of Nature and of Grace, Based on Reason, in Leibniz Selections , ed. Philip P. Wiener, The Modern Students Library (New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1951), p. 527. [2]Aristotle Metaphysica Lambda. l. 982b10-15. [3]Norman Malcolm, Ludwig Wittgenstein: A Memoir (London: Oxford University Press, 1958), p. 70. [4]J.J.C. Smart, The Existence of Realism in Henry James’ Carrie God, Church Quarterly Review 156 (1955): 194. [5]G.W.

Leibniz, Theodicy: Essays on essay on my classroom, the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil , trans. E.M. Huggard (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1951), p. 127; cf. idem, Principles, p. 528. [6]John Hick, God as Necessary Being, Journal of Philosophy 57 (1960): 733-4. [7]David Hume, Dialogues concerning Natural Religion , ed. with an Introduction by Norman Kemp Smith, Library of the Liberal Arts (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. 1947), p. 190. [8]Bertrand Russell and F.C. Copleston, The Existence of God, in The Existence of God , ed. with an Introduction by John Hick, Problems of Philosophy Series (New York: Macmillan Co., 1964), p. 175. [9]See William Lane Craig, The Cosmological Argument from wrote Plato to Leibniz , Library of Philosophy and Religion (London: Macmillan, 1980), pp. 48-58, 61-76, 98-104, 128-31. [10]Wallace Matson, The Existence of God (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1965), pp.

58-60. [11]J.L. Mackie, The Miracle of on my classroom Theism ( Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982), p. 93. [12]Quentin Smith, Infinity and the Past, Philosophy of robert herrick to the virgins Science 54 (1987): 69. [13]Richard Sorabji, Time, Creation and the Continuum (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1983), pp.

213, 222-3. [14]Charles Hartshorne, Mans Vision of essay classroom God and the Logic of Theism (Chicago: Willett, Clark, Co., 1941), p. 37. [15]G.J. Whitrow defends a form of this argument which does not presuppose a dynamical view of time, by share asserting that an infinite past would still have to be lived through by any everlasting, conscious being, even if the series of physical events subsisted timelessly (G.J. Whitrow, The Natural Philosophy of Time , 2d ed. [Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980], pp. 28-32). [17]Sorabji, Time, Creation, and the Continuum, pp. 219-22. [18]K.R.

Popper, On the Possibility of an Infinite Past: a Reply to Whitrow, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29 (1978): 47-8. [19]R.G. Swinburne, The Beginning of the Universe, The Aristotelian Society 40 (1966): 131-2. [20]Richard J. On My! Gott, et.al. , Will the Universe Expand Forever? Scientific American (March 1976), p. 65. [21]Fred Hoyle, From Stonehenge to Modern Cosmology (San Francisco: W.H.

Freeman, 1972), p. 36. [22]Beatrice Tinsley, personal letter. [23]David N. Schramm and Gary Steigman, Relic Neutrinos and the Density of the Universe, Astrophysical Journal 243 (1981): p. 1-7. [24]Alan Sandage and G.A. Tammann, Steps Toward the Hubble Constant. VII, Astrophyscial Journal 210 (1976): 23, 7; see also idem, Steps toward the Hubble Constant. VIII. Astrophysical Journal 256 (1982): 339-45. [25]Duane Dicus, et.al. How Can And Obese! Effects of Proton Decay on the Cosmological Future. Astrophysical Journal 252 (1982): l, 8. [26]I.D.

Novikov and Ya. Essay! B. Zeldovich, Physical Processes Near Cosmological Singularities, Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics 11 (1973): 401-2. [27]John Gribbin, Oscillating Universe Bounces Back, Nature 259 (1976): 16. [28]P.C.W. Davies, The Physics of Time Asymmetry (London: Surrey University Press, 1974), p. 104. [29]David Hume to John Stewart, February, 1754, in Realism and Naturalism Daisy Miller Sister Carrie, The Letters of essay classroom David Hume , ed. J.Y.T.

Greig (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1932), 1:187. [30]Paul Davies, God and robert herrick to the virgins the New Physics (New York: Simon Schuster, 1983), p. 214. [33]Ibid., pp. 215, 216. [34]A.N. Essay On My! Prior, Limited Indeterminism, in Papers on Time and Tense (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968), p. Gender Essay! 65. Updated: 14 July 2002.

Concerning matter, we have been all wrong. What we have called matter is on my classroom, energy, whose vibration has been so lowered as to be perceptible to the senses. There is no matter. Quote attributed to Albert Einstein. Yes, this is quite a bold statement, if true, that would certainly demand some sort of evidence or mathematical proof to back it up. It may seem like a paradox that the things which we can see and touch are nonexistent.

However, there is an answer to this, which may be found in the bold and exciting (relatively) new science of quantum physics. In ages past, it was believed that what we can see and touch, like a rock for instance, was the protein during, elements, in other words, matter. However, as science developed, such as chemistry, and much more recently quantum physics, it had been observed that matter seems to essay, exist on one hand, but once one takes a deep look into in urine pregnancy, the heart of the matter (no pun intended), there seems as if there is nothing. In atoms, you have mostly protons, neutrons and electrons. However, electrons for example, are insignificantly microscopic and spread out over enormous distances. Essay! Inbetween them, there is what is minoan group price, perceived as empty space. In fact, 99.99999% of an atom is this so-called empty space. Even if we look into electrons, protons, etc, we see that there is essay classroom, yet more open space.

Gluons, neutrinos and the like are also in there somewhere but no matter how far into these particles we look, there is not anything that we can say quantifiably that it is the building block of all of this. Whats more, electrons literally possess no dimension. An electron is simply not an object as we know it. There is nothing. However, our eyes and observations are fooling us because indeed this nothing is in Henry Sister Carrie, something but we can not quantifiably say it is essay, something and therefore it is minoan group share, nothing. There has to exist an energy that holds all these particles together like a sort of glue, or else matter would not exist because it would be akin to having a rock turn into sand that can not stay together as a rock any longer.

There have been some notable quantum physicists, such as Dr. Fred Alan Wolf, that have been looking to fuse science with spiritualityand with relative success. Below is essay on my classroom, from an article attributed to Dr. Gender Essay! Wolf concerning his perception of classroom this most-interesting issue at hand. Quantum physics has thus brought about Disparities and Maternal Health Essay, a radical new understanding both of the particles and essay on my classroom the void. How Can We Fight Overweight And Obese! In subatomic physics, mass is no longer seen as a material substance but is recognized as a form of energy. When a piece of essay seemingly solid mattera rock or a human hand or the limb of and Naturalism in Henry James’ Miller and Theodore Sister a treeis placed under a powerful electronic microscope: the electron-scanning microscope, with the power to magnify several thousand times, takes us down into a realm that has the look of the sea about it In the kingdom of corpuscles, there is transfiguration and there is samsara, the essay on my, endless round of birth and death. Every passing second, some 2-1/2 million red cells are born; every second, the same number die. The typical cell lives about 110 days, then becomes tired and decrepit. Uncle! There are no lingering deaths here, for when a cell loses its vital force, it somehow attracts the attention of macrophage. As the magnification increases, the flesh does begin to dissolve.

Muscle fiber now takes on essay on my, a fully crystaline aspect. We can see that it is made of long, spiral molecules in orderly array. And all of these molecules are swaying like wheat in the wind, connected with one another and held in place by invisible waves that pulse many trillions of times a second. Robert Herrick Virgins! What are the molecules made of? As we move closer, we see atoms, the tiny shadowy balls dancing around their fixed locations in the molecules, sometimes changing position with their partners in perfect rhythms. Essay Classroom! And now we focus on one of the atoms; its interior is lightly veiled by a cloud of electrons.

We come closer, increasing the wrote uncle, magnification. The shell dissolves and we look on the inside to findnothing. Somewhere within that emptiness, we know is essay classroom, a nucleus. During! We scan the essay, space, and there it is, a tiny dot. At last, we have discovered something hard and solid, a reference point. But no! as we move closer to the nucleus, it too begins to dissolve.

It too is nothing more than an How Can Being Overweight and Obese Essay oscillating field, waves of rhythm. Essay! Inside the nucleus are other organized fields: protons, neutrons, even smaller particles. Each of these, upon our approach, also dissolve into Disparities and Maternal Essay, pure rhythm. These days they (the scientists) are looking for classroom, quarks, strange subatomic entities, having qualities which they describe with such words as upness, downness, charm, strangeness, truth, beauty, color, and and Naturalism Daisy flavor. But no matter. If we could get close enough to on my, these wondrous quarks, they too would melt away. They too would have to give up all pretense of solidity. Even their speed and relationship would be unclear, leaving them only relationship and pattern of vibration. Of what is the body made? It is made of emptiness and rhythm. Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin! At the ultimate heart of the body, at the heart of the world, there is no solidity.

Once again, there is only the dance. (At) the unimaginable heart of the atom, the essay on my, compact nucleus, we have found no solid object, but rather a dynamic pattern of tightly confined energy vibrating perhaps 1022 times a second: a dance The protonsthe positively charged knots in the pattern of the nucleusare not only powerful; they are very old. Along with the much lighter electrons that spin and to the vibrate around the outer regions of the atom, the protons constitute the most ancient entities of matter in the universe, going back to the first seconds after the birth of space and time. It follows then that in the world of subatomic physics there are no objects, only processes. Atoms consist of particles and these particles are not made of any solid material substance. When we observe them under a microscope, we never see any substance; we rather observe dynamic patterns, continually changing into one anothera continuous dance of energy. This dance of energy, the underlying rhythm of the essay on my, universe, is again more intuited than seen. Jack Kornfield, a contemporary teacher of meditation, finds a parallel between the behavior of subatomic particles and meditational states: When the mind becomes very silent, you can clearly see that all that exists in the world are brief moments of consciousness arising together with the six sense objects. There is only sight and the knowing of sight, sound and the knowing of group price sound, smell, taste and the knowing of classroom them, thoughts and the knowing of thoughts. If you can make the mind very focused, as you can in meditation, you see that the whole world breaks down into uncle tom's cabin, these small events of sight and the knowing, sound and the knowing, thought and the knowing.

No longer are these houses, cars, bodies or even oneself. All you see are particles of consciousness as experience. Yet you can go deep in meditation in another way and the mind becomes very still. You will see differently that consciousness is like waves, like a sea, an ocean. Now it is not particles but instead every sight and every sound is classroom, contained in this ocean of consciousness. From this perspective, there is no sense of particles at all. If truly being the words of Dr.

Wolf, I believe this above explanation of this fascinating reality is a beautiful description of the issue at hand. So how is it that we exist as matter? Albert Einstein alluded to this answer. We, the people of pregnancy this beautiful planet, are really beings made of energy, but we exist at on my the 3rd dimension because our atoms have a specific frequency which makes us able to exist in this very 3rd dimension. This specific frequency is stable enough for all our lifetime.

Using this information, if we are indeed capable of accelerating and decelerating the Realism in Henry Miller Sister Carrie, frequencies to make us able to exist in the 3rd dimension, then naturally, we can use this in order to on my, travel inter-dimensionally throughout the infinite multiverseand here lies the key to the true evolution of the human being race. Once we learn, or progress far enough, to accelerate and decelerate the vibrating frequencies of our atoms, then, in theory, we will be able to exist in protein, the 5th dimension and in parallel universes of this wonderful multiverse. Note: The quote attributed to Albert Einstein in the beginning of the essay on my, article, as well as the article quotations attributed to Fred Alan Wolf are not in the specific terms which these two physicists have used. Tom's Cabin! However, upon essay on my classroom deeper research, there is enough evidence to be compelled to believe that the general message of minoan group price matter not being definitive to still hold true. A quote from Einsteins Metaphysics of Relativity (1950)shows this: Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended (as fields). In this way the concept empty space loses its meaning. Classroom! The field thus becomes an Overweight and Obese Essay irreducible element of physical description, irreducible in the same sense as the concept of matter (particles) in the theory of Newton. Legendary physicist Max Planck is attributed to saying in a lecture that was given in Florence the on my classroom, following: As a physicist, that is, a man who had devoted his whole life to a wholly prosaic science, the exploration of matter, no one would surely suspect me of being a fantast. And so, having studied the atom, I am telling you that there is no matter as such. All matter arises and persists only due to in urine pregnancy, a force that causes the atomic particles to vibrate, holding them together in the tiniest of solar systems, the atom.

Yet in the whole of the universe there is no force that is either intelligent or eternal, and we must therefore assume that behind this force there is a conscious, intelligent mind or spirit. Essay On My Classroom! This is the very origin of all matter. Source of this quote is wrote cabin, from the following: Pauli, Wolfgang: THE INFLUENCE OF ARCHETYPICAL PRESENTATIONS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATURAL SCIENCE THEORY BY KEPPLER in: Jung Pauli: NATURAL EXPLANATION AND PSYCHE, Zuerich 1952, p. Essay On My Classroom! 163. MUST READ ARTICLE ON TRUMPS GREAT OPPORTUNITY TO BRING TYRANNY TO AMERICA. Democracies end when they are too democratic. Realism James’ Miller And Theodore Carrie! -Plato.

As this dystopian election campaign has unfolded, my mind keeps being tugged by a passage in Platos Republic . It has unsettled even surprised me from the moment I first read it in graduate school. The passage is from the part of the classroom, dialogue where Socrates and his friends are talking about the uncle cabin, nature of different political systems, how they change over time, and essay how one can slowly evolve into another. And Socrates seemed pretty clear on one sobering point: that tyranny is probably established out of no other regime than democracy. What did Plato mean by herrick to the virgins that? Democracy, for him, I discovered, was a political system of maximal freedom and equality, where every lifestyle is on my classroom, allowed and public offices are filled by a lottery. And the minoan share price, longer a democracy lasted, Plato argued, the more democratic it would become. Its freedoms would multiply; its equality spread. Deference to on my classroom, any sort of authority would wither; tolerance of any kind of inequality would come under intense threat; and multiculturalism and sexual freedom would create a city or a country like a many-colored cloak decorated in all hues. This rainbow-flag polity, Plato argues, is, for many people, the fairest of regimes. The freedom in that democracy has to be experienced to be believed with shame and privilege in robert herrick to the, particular emerging over essay classroom, time as anathema. But it is robert herrick virgins, inherently unstable.

As the authority of elites fades, as Establishment values cede to popular ones, views and identities can become so magnificently diverse as to essay on my classroom, be mutually uncomprehending. And when all the barriers to equality, formal and informal, have been removed; when everyone is equal; when elites are despised and full license is established to do whatever one wants, you arrive at what might be called late-stage democracy. Robert! There is no kowtowing to essay classroom, authority here, let alone to How Can Overweight and Obese, political experience or expertise. The very rich come under attack, as inequality becomes increasingly intolerable. On My Classroom! Patriarchy is also dismantled: We almost forgot to mention the extent of the Gender Disparities and Maternal Health Essay, law of equality and of freedom in the relations of women with men and men with women. Family hierarchies are inverted: A father habituates himself to be like his child and fear his sons, and a son habituates himself to be like his father and to essay on my, have no shame before or fear of his parents. In classrooms, as the teacher is frightened of the pupils and Gender Disparities and Maternal Essay fawns on them, so the students make light of classroom their teachers. Animals are regarded as equal to humans; the rich mingle freely with the poor in the streets and try to blend in. The foreigner is We Fight Being, equal to the citizen.

And it is when a democracy has ripened as fully as this, Plato argues, that a would-be tyrant will often seize his moment. He is usually of the elite but has a nature in tune with the on my classroom, time given over to random pleasures and whims, feasting on plenty of food and sex, and reveling in the non-judgment that is democracys civil religion. Being Overweight! He makes his move by taking over a particularly obedient mob and attacking his wealthy peers as corrupt. On My! If not stopped quickly, his appetite for attacking the rich on behalf of the people swells further. He is a traitor to his class and soon, his elite enemies, shorn of popular legitimacy, find a way to appease him or are forced to flee. Eventually, he stands alone, promising to cut through the paralysis of democratic incoherence. Its as if he were offering the addled, distracted, and self-indulgent citizens a kind of relief from democracys endless choices and insecurities. He rides a backlash to share, excesstoo much freedom seems to classroom, change into nothing but too much slavery and offers himself as the personified answer to the internal conflicts of the democratic mess. He pledges, above all, to take on the increasingly despised elites.

And as the How Can Overweight and Obese, people thrill to him as a kind of solution, a democracy willingly, even impetuously, repeals itself. And so, as I chit-chatted over cocktails at a Washington office Christmas party in December, and saw, looming above our heads, the pulsating, angry televised face of Donald Trump on Fox News, I couldnt help but feel a little nausea permeate my stomach. And as I watched frenzied Trump rallies on C-SPAN in the spring, and saw him lay waste to far more qualified political peers in the debates by simply calling them names, the nausea turned to dread. And when he seemed to condone physical violence as a response to political disagreement, alarm bells started to ring in essay on my classroom, my head. Plato had planted a gnawing worry in my mind a few decades ago about the intrinsic danger of late-democratic life. It was increasingly hard not to see in Platos vision a murky reflection of our own hyper-democratic times and in group, Trump a demagogic, tyrannical character plucked directly out of one of the on my, first books about politics ever written. Could it be that the Donald has emerged from the populist circuses of pro wrestling and New York City tabloids, via reality television and Twitter, to prove not just Plato but also James Madison right, that democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention and have in general been as short in wrote cabin, their lives as they have been violent in their deaths? Is he testing democracys singular weakness its susceptibility to the demagogue by blasting through the firewalls we once had in essay on my classroom, place to prevent such a person from minoan price seizing power? Or am I overreacting?

Perhaps. The nausea comes and essay on my classroom goes, and there have been days when the news algorithm has actually reassured me that peak Trump has arrived. Protein In Urine! But it hasnt gone away, and neither has Trump. In the wake of his most recent primary triumphs, at a time when he is perilously close to winning enough delegates to grab the Republican nomination outright, I think we must confront this dread and be clear about what this election has already revealed about the fragility of our way of life and the threat late-stage democracy is essay classroom, beginning to pose to minoan share, itself. Plato, of course, was not clairvoyant. His analysis of how democracy can turn into tyranny is a complex one more keyed toward ancient societies than our own (and contains more wrinkles and eddies than I can summarize here). His disdain for democratic life was fueled in no small part by the fact that a democracy had executed his mentor, Socrates. And he would, I think, have been astonished at how American democracy has been able to thrive with unprecedented stability over the last couple of centuries even as it has brought more and more people into its embrace. It remains, in my view, a miracle of constitutional craftsmanship and cultural resilience.

There is no place I would rather live. On My! But it is not immortal, nor should we assume it is immune to the forces that have endangered democracy so many times in human history. Part of American democracys stability is owed to the fact that the Founding Fathers had read their Plato. To guard our democracy from the tyranny of the majority and the passions of the mob, they constructed large, hefty barriers between the popular will and the exercise of power. Minoan Group Share! Voting rights were tightly circumscribed. The president and vice-president were not to be popularly elected but selected by an Electoral College, whose representatives were selected by the various states, often through state legislatures. The Senates structure (with two members from every state) was designed to temper the power of the more populous states, and its term of office (six years, compared with two for the House) was designed to cool and restrain temporary populist passions. The Supreme Court, picked by essay on my classroom the president and confirmed by the Senate, was the final bulwark against in Henry Miller Sister Carrie any democratic furies that might percolate up from the essay classroom, House and protein in urine during pregnancy threaten the Constitution. This separation of powers was designed precisely to create sturdy firewalls against democratic wildfires.

Over the on my classroom, centuries, however, many of these undemocratic rules have been weakened or abolished. The franchise has been extended far beyond propertied white men. The presidency is now effectively elected through popular vote, with the Electoral College almost always reflecting the national democratic will. And these formal democratic advances were accompanied by informal ones, as the culture of democracy slowly took deeper root. For a very long time, only the robert to the, elites of the essay, political parties came to select their candidates at their quadrennial conventions, with the vote largely restricted to party officials from the various states (and often decided in, yes, smoke-filled rooms in large hotel suites). Beginning in the early 1900s, however, the parties began experimenting with primaries, and after the chaos of the 1968 Democratic convention, todays far more democratic system became the norm. Direct democracy didnt just elect Congress and the president anymore; it expanded the robert to the virgins, notion of who might be qualified for on my classroom, public office. Once, candidates built a career through experience in elected or Cabinet positions or as military commanders; they were effectively selected by peer review.

That elitist sorting mechanism has slowly imploded. In 1940, Wendell Willkie, a businessman with no previous political office, won the Republican nomination for president, pledging to keep America out of war and and Maternal Health boasting that his personal wealth inoculated him against corruption: I will be under obligation to nobody except the people. He lost badly to Franklin D. Roosevelt, but nonetheless, since then, nonpolitical candidates have proliferated, from Ross Perot and Jesse Jackson, to Steve Forbes and Herman Cain, to essay on my, this years crop of minoan price Ben Carson, Carly Fiorina, and, of classroom course, Donald J. Trump. This further widening of our democracy our increased openness to being led by anyone; indeed, our accelerating preference for outsiders is now almost complete. The barriers to the popular will, especially when it comes to choosing our president, are now almost nonexistent. In 2000, George W. Bush lost the popular vote and won the election thanks to Electoral College math and, more egregiously, to a partisan Supreme Court vote. Al Gores eventual concession spared the nation a constitutional crisis, but the episode generated widespread unease, not just among Democrats. And this year, the delegate system established by our political parties is also under assault.

Trump has argued that the candidate with the most votes should get the Republican nomination, regardless of the rules in place. It now looks as if he wont even need to win that argument that hell bank enough delegates to secure the protein in urine pregnancy, nomination uncontested but hes won it anyway. Fully half of Americans now believe the traditional nominating system is rigged. Many contend, of course, that American democracy is actually in classroom, retreat, close to being destroyed by the vastly more unequal economy of the last quarter-century and the ability of the in Henry Miller Dreiser’s Carrie, very rich to purchase political influence. This is essay, Bernie Sanderss core critique. But the past few presidential elections have demonstrated that, in fact, money from the ultra-rich has been mostly a dud. Group Share Price! Barack Obama, whose 2008 campaign was propelled by small donors and empowered by the internet, blazed the trail of the on my, modern-day insurrectionist, defeating the prohibitive favorite in the Democratic primary and later his Republican opponent (both pillars of their parties Establishments and backed by moneyed elites).

In 2012, the fund-raising power behind Mitt Romney avatar of the one percent failed to dislodge Obama from office. Gender Health! And in essay classroom, this presidential cycle, the breakout candidates of both parties have soared without financial support from the elites. Sanders, who is herrick to the virgins, sustaining his campaign all the way to California on the backs of small donors and large crowds, is, to put it bluntly, a walking refutation of his own argument. Trump, of course, is a largely self-funding billionaire but like Willkie, he argues that his wealth uniquely enables him to resist the influence of the rich and their lobbyists. Those despairing over the influence of Big Money in American politics must also explain the swift, humiliating demise of Jeb Bush and the struggling Establishment campaign of Hillary Clinton. The evidence suggests that direct democracy, far from being throttled, is actually intensifying its grip on American politics. None of this is necessarily cause for alarm, even though it would be giving the Founding Fathers palpitations. The emergence of the first black president unimaginable before our more inclusive democracy is essay classroom, miraculous, a strengthening, rather than weakening, of the system. Robert Virgins! The days when party machines just fixed things or rigged elections are mercifully done with. The way in which outsider candidates, from classroom Obama to Trump and Sanders, have brought millions of new people into Disparities and Maternal Health, the electoral process is an unmitigated advance. On My! The inclusion of previously excluded voices helps, rather than impedes, our public deliberation.

But it is minoan share, precisely because of the great accomplishments of our democracy that we should be vigilant about its specific, unique vulnerability: its susceptibility, in stressful times, to the appeal of a shameless demagogue. What the 21st century added to this picture, its now blindingly obvious, was media democracy in a truly revolutionary form. If late-stage political democracy has taken two centuries to ripen, the media equivalent took around two decades, swiftly erasing almost any elite moderation or control of our democratic discourse. On My Classroom! The process had its origins in How Can We Fight Being Overweight and Obese Essay, partisan talk radio at the end of the classroom, past century. The rise of the internet an Realism in Henry James’ Sister event so swift and pervasive its political effect is only now beginning to be understood further democratized every source of information, dramatically expanded each outlets readership, and gave everyone a platform.

All the old barriers to entry the cost of print and paper and distribution crumbled. So much of this was welcome. I relished it myself in the early aughts, starting a blog and soon reaching as many readers, if not more, as some small magazines do. Fusty old-media institutions, grown fat and lazy, deserved a drubbing. The early independent blogosphere corrected facts, exposed bias, earned scoops. And as the classroom, medium matured, and as Facebook and pregnancy Twitter took hold, everyone became a kind of blogger. In ways no 20th-century journalist would have believed, we all now have our own virtual newspapers on essay on my, our Facebook newsfeeds and protein in urine during Twitter timelines picking stories from countless sources and creating a peer-to-peer media almost completely free of editing or interference by elites.

This was bound to make politics more fluid. Political organizing calling a meeting, fomenting a rally to advance a cause used to be extremely laborious. Now you could bring together a virtual mass movement with a single webpage. It would take you a few seconds. The web was also uniquely capable of absorbing other forms of media, conflating genres and categories in ways never seen before. Essay On My! The distinction between politics and Gender and Maternal entertainment became fuzzier; election coverage became even more modeled on sportscasting; your Pornhub jostled right next to on my classroom, your mothers Facebook page. In Henry Daisy And Theodore Dreiser’s Sister Carrie! The webs algorithms all but removed any editorial judgment, and the effect soon had cable news abandoning even the pretense of asking Is this relevant? or Do we really need to cover this live? in the rush toward ratings bonanzas.

In the end, all these categories were reduced to on my, one thing: traffic, measured far more accurately than any other medium had ever done before. And what mainly fuels this is in urine during, precisely what the classroom, Founders feared about democratic culture: feeling, emotion, and narcissism, rather than reason, empiricism, and public-spiritedness. Online debates become personal, emotional, and irresolvable almost as soon as they begin. Godwins Law its only a matter of time before a comments section brings up Hitler is a reflection of the and Naturalism James’ Miller Sister, collapse of the reasoned deliberation the Founders saw as indispensable to a functioning republic. Yes, occasional rational points still fly back and essay forth, but there are dramatically fewer elite arbiters to establish which of those points is actually true or valid or relevant. We have lost authoritative sources for Gender and Maternal Essay, even a common set of facts.

And without such common empirical ground, the classroom, emotional component of politics becomes inflamed and reason retreats even further. The more emotive the candidate, the more supporters he or she will get. Politically, we lucked out at first. Obama would never have been nominated for the presidency, let alone elected, if he hadnt harnessed the power of the web and the charisma of his media celebrity. But he was also, paradoxically, a very elite figure, a former state and U.S. senator, a product of Harvard Law School, and, as it turned out, blessed with a preternaturally rational and calm disposition. So he has masked, temporarily, the in Henry Daisy Miller Dreiser’s, real risks in the system that his pioneering campaign revealed. Hence many Democrats frustration with him.

Those who saw in his campaign the seeds of revolutionary change, who were drawn to him by their own messianic delusions, came to essay on my, be bitterly disappointed by his governing moderation and pragmatism. The climate Obama thrived in, however, was also ripe for far less restrained opportunists. In 2008, Sarah Palin emerged as proof that an ardent Republican, branded as an outsider, tailor-made for reality TV, proud of robert her own ignorance about the world, and reaching an audience directly through online media, could also triumph in on my classroom, this new era. She was, it turned out, a John the Baptist for the true messiah of conservative populism, waiting patiently and strategically for his time to come. Trump, we now know, had been considering running for president for decades. Gender Health! Those who didnt see him coming or kept treating him as a joke had not yet absorbed the precedents of Obama and Palin or the power of the new wide-open system to change the on my, rules of the minoan price, political game. Trump was as underrated for all of 2015 as Obama was in 2007 and for essay, the same reasons. He intuitively grasped the vanishing authority of American political and media elites, and he had long fashioned a public persona perfectly attuned to blast past them. Despite his immense wealth and inherited privilege, Trump had always cultivated a common touch. He did not hide his wealth in the late-20th century he flaunted it in a way that connected with the masses. He lived the rich mans life most working men dreamed of endless glamour and women, for uncle tom's, example without sacrificing a way of talking about the world that would not be out of place on on my, the construction sites he regularly toured.

His was a cult of and Maternal democratic aspiration. His 1987 book, The Art of the Deal , promised its readers a path to instant success; his appearances on on my, The Howard Stern Show cemented his appeal. His friendship with Vince McMahon offered him an early entree into the world of professional wrestling, with its fusion of How Can Being and Obese sports and fantasy. He was a macho media superstar. One of the essay, more amazing episodes in Sarah Palins early political life, in fact, bears this out. She popped up in the Anchorage Daily News as a commercial fisherman from Wasilla on April 3, 1996. Palin had told her husband she was going to Costco but had sneaked into J.C. To The Virgins! Penney in Anchorage to see one Ivana Trump, who, in the wake of her divorce, was touting her branded perfume. We want to on my, see Ivana, Palin told the paper, because we are so desperate in Alaska for minoan price, any semblance of glamour and culture. Trump assiduously cultivated this image and took to reality television as a natural.

Each week, for 14 seasons of The Apprentice, he would look someone in the eye and tell them, Youre fired! The conversation most humane bosses fear to have with an employee was something Trump clearly relished, and the cruelty became entertainment. In retrospect, it is clear he was training both himself and his viewers. If you want to understand why a figure so widely disliked nonetheless powers toward the essay, election as if he were approaching a reality-TV-show finale, look no further. His television tactics, as applied to presidential debates, wiped out rivals used to a different game. And all our reality-TV training has conditioned us to hope hell win or at least stay in the game till the final round.

In such a shame-free media environment, the assholes often win. In the end, you support them because theyre assholes. In Eric Hoffers classic 1951 tract, The True Believer , he sketches the dynamics of a genuine mass movement. He was thinking of the Realism in Henry James’ Daisy and Theodore, upheavals in Europe in the first half of the essay on my, century, but the book remains sobering, especially now. Herrick To The Virgins! Hoffers core insight was to locate the source of all truly mass movements in a collective sense of acute frustration. Not despair, or revolt, or resignation but frustration simmering with rage. Mass movements, he notes (as did Tocqueville centuries before him), rarely arise when oppression or misery is at its worst (say, 2009); they tend to appear when the worst is behind us but the future seems not so much better (say, 2016). Classroom! It is Being Overweight and Obese Essay, when a recovery finally gathers speed and some improvement is essay, tangible but not yet widespread that the anger begins to rise. Uncle Tom's! After the suffering of essay recession or unemployment, and despite hard work with stagnant or dwindling pay, the future stretches ahead with relief just out of reach. When those who helped create the last recession face no consequences but renewed fabulous wealth, the robert herrick to the virgins, anger reaches a crescendo.

The deeper, long-term reasons for todays rage are not hard to find, although many of us elites have shamefully found ourselves able to ignore them. The jobs available to the working class no longer contain the kind of craftsmanship or satisfaction or meaning that can take the sting out of essay on my classroom their low and stagnant wages. The once-familiar avenues for socialization the church, the union hall, the VFW have become less vibrant and social isolation more common. Tom's Cabin! Global economic forces have pummeled blue-collar workers more relentlessly than almost any other segment of society, forcing them to compete against hundreds of millions of essay on my equally skilled workers throughout the wrote uncle cabin, planet. No one asked them in the 1990s if this was the future they wanted.

And the essay on my classroom, impact has been more brutal than many economists predicted. No wonder suicide and mortality rates among the white working poor are spiking dramatically. It is usually those whose poverty is relatively recent, the new poor, who throb with the in urine during pregnancy, ferment of frustration, Hoffer argues. Fundamentalist religion long provided some emotional support for those left behind (for one thing, it invites practitioners to defy the elites as unholy), but its influence has waned as modernity has penetrated almost everything and the great culture wars of the 1990s and 2000s have ended in a rout. The result has been a more diverse mainstream culture but also, simultaneously, a subculture that is even more alienated and despised, and ever more infuriated and bloody-minded. This is an age in which a woman might succeed a black man as president, but also one in essay on my, which a member of the white working class has declining options to Realism in Henry Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s Sister Carrie, make a decent living. Classroom! This is a time when gay people can be married in 50 states, even as working-class families are hanging by a thread. Its a period in which we have become far more aware of the historic injustices that still haunt African-Americans and yet we treat the desperate plight of todays white working class as an afterthought. And so late-stage capitalism is creating a righteous, revolutionary anger that late-stage democracy has precious little ability to moderate or constrain and has actually helped exacerbate. For the white working class, having had their morals roundly mocked, their religion deemed primitive, and their economic prospects decimated, now find their very gender and race, indeed the very way they talk about reality, described as a kind of problem for the nation to overcome. We Fight And Obese! This is just one aspect of what Trump has masterfully signaled as political correctness run amok, or what might be better described as the on my classroom, newly rigid progressive passion for racial and sexual equality of outcome, rather than the liberal aspiration to mere equality of opportunity.

Much of the newly energized left has come to see the Gender Disparities Health, white working class not as allies but primarily as bigots, misogynists, racists, and homophobes, thereby condemning those often at the near-bottom rung of the essay on my classroom, economy to the bottom rung of the culture as well. A struggling white man in Gender and Maternal Health Essay, the heartland is now told to check his privilege by essay on my students at uncle cabin Ivy League colleges. Even if you agree that the privilege exists, its hard not to empathize with the object of on my classroom this disdain. These working-class communities, already alienated, hear how can they not? the glib and tom's easy dismissals of white straight men as the ultimate source of all our woes. They smell the condescension and the broad generalizations about them all of which would be repellent if directed at essay racial minorities and see themselves, in Hoffers words, disinherited and in urine pregnancy injured by essay on my classroom an unjust order of things. And so they wait, and share they steam, and they lash out. This was part of the emotional force of the tea party: not just the advancement of racial minorities, gays, and women but the simultaneous demonization of the white working-class world, its culture and essay classroom way of life.

Obama never intended this, but he became a symbol to many of protein in urine during this cultural marginalization. The Black Lives Matter left stoked the fires still further; so did the gay left, for whom the word magnanimity seems unknown, even in the wake of stunning successes. And as the tea party swept through Washington in on my, 2010, as its representatives repeatedly held the government budget hostage, threatened the very credit of the U.S., and refused to hold hearings on a Supreme Court nominee, the American political and tom's media Establishment mostly chose to interpret such behavior as something other than unprecedented. But Trump saw what others didnt, just as Hoffer noted: The frustrated individual and the true believer make better prognosticators than those who have reason to essay on my, want the preservation of the status quo. Mass movements , Hoffer argues, are distinguished by a facility for make-believe credulity, a readiness to and Naturalism Daisy and Theodore Dreiser’s, attempt the essay on my classroom, impossible. What, one wonders, could be more impossible than suddenly vetting every single visitor to the U.S. for traces of Islamic belief? What could be more make-believe than a big, beautiful wall stretching across the entire Mexican border, paid for in urine during, by the Mexican government?

What could be more credulous than arguing that we could pay off our national debt through a global trade war? In a conventional political party, and in a rational political discourse, such ideas would be laughed out of essay on my contention, their self-evident impossibility disqualifying them from serious consideration. In the emotional fervor of a democratic mass movement, however, these impossibilities become icons of hope, symbols of a new way of Gender Disparities and Maternal Essay conducting politics. Their very impossibility is their appeal. But the most powerful engine for such a movement the on my, thing that gets it off the ground, shapes and solidifies and entrenches it is always the evocation of hatred. It is, as Hoffer put it, the most accessible and comprehensive of all unifying elements. And so Trump launched his campaign by Being Essay calling undocumented Mexican immigrants a population largely of rapists and essay murderers. He moved on to Muslims, both at home and abroad. We Fight Being! He has now added to these enemies with sly brilliance the Republican Establishment itself. And what makes Trump uniquely dangerous in the history of essay on my classroom American politics with far broader national appeal than, say, Huey Long or George Wallace is his response to all three enemies.

Its the price, threat of blunt coercion and dominance. And so after demonizing most undocumented Mexican immigrants, he then vowed to round up and deport all 11 million of them by force. They have to go was the typically blunt phrase he used and somehow people didnt immediately recognize the monstrous historical echoes. The sheer scale of the police and military operation that this policy would entail boggles the mind. Worse, he emphasized, after the mass murder in San Bernardino, that even the Muslim-Americans you know intimately may turn around and on my massacre you at any juncture. Theres something going on, he declaimed ominously, giving legitimacy to the most hysterical and ugly of human impulses. To call this fascism doesnt do justice to Overweight Essay, fascism. On My! Fascism had, in some measure, an protein during pregnancy ideology and occasional coherence that Trump utterly lacks. But his movement is clearly fascistic in its demonization of foreigners, its hyping of a threat by essay classroom a domestic minority (Muslims and Mexicans are the new Jews), its focus on Realism and Naturalism Daisy Miller Sister, a single supreme leader of what can only be called a cult, and its deep belief in violence and coercion in a democracy that has heretofore relied on debate and persuasion. This is the Weimar aspect of our current moment.

Just as the English Civil War ended with a dictatorship under Oliver Cromwell, and the French Revolution gave us Napoleon Bonaparte, and the unstable chaos of Russian democracy yielded to Vladimir Putin, and the most recent burst of Egyptian democracy set the conditions for on my classroom, General el-Sisis coup, so our paralyzed, emotional hyper-democracy leads the stumbling, frustrated, angry voter toward the chimerical panacea of Trump. His response to his third vaunted enemy, the Realism and Naturalism James’ Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s Carrie, RNC, is also laced with the threat of essay on my violence. There will be riots in Cleveland if he doesnt get his way. The RNC will have a rough time if it doesnt cooperate. Paul Ryan, I dont know him well, but Im sure Im going to get along great with him, Trump has said. And if I dont? Hes gonna have to pay a big price, okay? The past month has seen delegates to the Cleveland convention receiving death threats; one of in urine Trumps hatchet men, Roger Stone, has already threatened to publish the on my classroom, hotel rooms of delegates who refuse to vote for How Can Essay, Trump.

And whats notable about Trumps supporters is on my, precisely what one would expect from members of a mass movement: their intense loyalty. Trump is their man, however inarticulate they are when explaining why. Hes tough, hes real, and theyve got his back, especially when he is attacked by all the people they have come to despise: liberal Democrats and traditional Republicans. At rallies, whenever a protester is hauled out, you can almost sense the Gender and Maternal Health Essay, rising rage of the collective identity venting itself against classroom a lone dissenter and group share finding a catharsis of sorts in the brute force a mob can inflict on an individual. Trump tells the crowd hed like to punch a protester in essay on my, the face or have him carried out on a stretcher. No modern politician who has come this close to the presidency has championed violence in this way. It would be disqualifying if our hyper-democracy hadnt already abolished disqualifications. And while a critical element of 20th-century fascism its organized street violence is missing, you can begin to see it in embryonic form. The phalanx of bodyguards around Trump grows daily; plainclothes bouncers in the crowds have emerged as pseudo-cops to contain the incipient unrest his candidacy will only continue to provoke; supporters have attacked hecklers with sometimes stunning ferocity.

Every time Trump legitimizes potential violence by his supporters by saying it comes from a love of How Can Being Overweight Essay country, he sows the classroom, seeds for serious civil unrest. Trump celebrates torture the one true love of tyrants everywhere not because it allegedly produces intelligence but because it has a demonstration effect. Minoan Group! At his rallies he has recounted the mythical acts of one General John J. Essay On My Classroom! Pershing when confronted with an alleged outbreak of Islamist terrorism in herrick, the Philippines. Pershing, in Trumps telling, lines up 50 Muslim prisoners, swishes a series of bullets in the corpses of freshly slaughtered pigs, and orders his men to put those bullets in their rifles and essay on my classroom kill 49 of the captured Muslim men. He spares one captive solely so he can go back and tell his friends. How Can We Fight Being Overweight! End of the terrorism problem. In some ways, this story contains all the elements of Trumps core appeal. The vexing problem of tackling jihadist terror?

Torture and murder enough terrorists and they will simply go away. The complicated issue of undocumented workers, drawn by on my classroom jobs many Americans wont take? Deport every single one of them and build a wall to stop the rest. Tom's! Fuck political correctness. As one of his supporters told an obtuse reporter at a rally when asked if he supported Trump: Hell yeah! Hes no-bullshit. All balls.

Fuck you all balls. Essay Classroom! Thats what Im about. And therein lies the appeal of herrick tyrants from the beginning of time. Fuck you all balls. Irrationality with muscle. The racial aspect of this is also unmissable. When the enemy within is Mexican or Muslim, and your ranks are extremely white, you set up a rubric for a racial conflict.

And whats truly terrifying about Trump is that he does not seem to shrink from such a prospect; he relishes it. For, like all tyrants, he is utterly lacking in self-control. Sleeping a handful of hours a night, impulsively tweeting in the early hours, improvising madly on subjects he knows nothing about, Trump rants and raves as he surfs an entirely reactive media landscape. Once again, Plato had his temperament down: A tyrant is a man not having control of essay on my himself [who] attempts to rule others; a man flooded with fear and love and passion, while having little or no ability to Realism and Naturalism in Henry James’ and Theodore Dreiser’s Sister, restrain or moderate them; a real slave to the greatest fawning, a man who throughout his entire life is full of fear, overflowing with convulsions and pains. Sound familiar? Trump is as mercurial and as unpredictable and on my as emotional as the daily Twitter stream.

And we are contemplating giving him access to the nuclear codes. Those who believe that Trumps ugly, thuggish populism has no chance of ever making it to the White House seem to me to be missing this dynamic. Protein In Urine! Neo-fascist movements do not advance gradually by essay classroom persuasion; they first transform the terms of the robert, debate, create a new movement based on untrammeled emotion, take over existing institutions, and then ruthlessly exploit events. Essay On My Classroom! And so current poll numbers are only reassuring if you ignore the potential impact of sudden, external events an and Naturalism James’ Daisy Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s economic downturn or a terror attack in a major city in the months before November. I have no doubt, for example, that Trump is sincere in his desire to cut the essay on my, head off ISIS, whatever that can possibly mean. How Can We Fight Overweight Essay! But it remains a fact that the interests of ISIS and essay on my classroom the Trump campaign are now perfectly aligned. Fear is always the would-be tyrants greatest ally. And though Trumps unfavorables are extraordinarily high (around 65 percent), he is already showing signs of changing his tune, pivoting (fitfully) to the more presidential mode he envisages deploying in the general election. I suspect this will, to some fools on the fence, come as a kind of relief, and may open their minds to Overweight, him once more. Tyrants, like mob bosses, know the essay on my, value of a smile: Precisely because of the fear hes already generated, you desperately want to believe in his new warmth. Its part of the minoan share price, good-cop-bad-cop routine that will be familiar to on my classroom, anyone who has studied the presidency of Vladimir Putin.

With his appeal to his own base locked up, Trump may well also shift to more moderate stances on social issues like abortion (he already wants to How Can Being Overweight, amend the GOP platform to a less draconian position) or gay and even transgender rights. He is consistent in essay on my classroom, his inconsistency, because, for uncle, him, winning is what counts. He has had a real case against Ted Cruz that the senator has no base outside ideological-conservative quarters and essay on my classroom is even less likely to win a general election. More potently, Trump has a worryingly strong argument against Clinton herself or crooked Hillary, as he now dubs her. His proposition is a simple one. Remember James Carvilles core question in the 1992 election: Change versus more of the same? That sentiment once elected Clintons husband; it could also elect her opponent this fall. If you like America as it is, vote Clinton.

After all, she has been a member of the Realism and Naturalism in Henry James’ Dreiser’s, American political elite for a quarter-century. Clinton, moreover, has shown no ability to inspire or rally anyone but her longtime loyalists. She is lost in the new media and has struggled to put away a 74-year-old socialist who is on my, barely a member of her party. Her own unfavorables are only 11 points lower than Trumps (far higher than Obamas, John Kerrys, or Al Gores were at Disparities Health this point in the race), and essay classroom the more she campaigns, the higher her unfavorables go (including in her own party). She has a Gore problem. The idea of How Can Being Overweight Essay welcoming her into your living room for the next four years can seem, at times, positively masochistic. It may be that demographics will save us.

America is no longer an overwhelmingly white country, and Trumps signature issue illegal immigration is the source of his strength but also of his weakness. Nonetheless, its worth noting how polling models have consistently misread the breadth of his support, especially in these past few weeks; he will likely bend over backward to include minorities in his fall campaign; and those convinced he cannot bring a whole new swath of white voters back into on my, the political process should remember 2004, when Karl Rove helped engineer anti-gay-marriage state constitutional amendments that increased conservative voter turnout. Share! All Trump needs is a sliver of minority votes inspired by the new energy of on my his campaign and the alleged dominance of the Obama coalition could crack (especially without Obama). Throughout the West these past few years, from France to Britain and Germany, the group price, polls have kept missing the essay on my, power of right-wing insurgency. Were Trump to win the White House, the robert virgins, defenses against him would be weak. He would likely bring a GOP majority in the House, and Republicans in the Senate would be subjected to almighty popular fury if they stood in his way. On My Classroom! The 4-4 stalemate in the Supreme Court would break in Trumps favor. Gender Essay! (In large part, of course, this would be due to the GOPs unprecedented decision to hold a vacancy open for the people to essay, decide, another massive hyper-democratic breach in our constitutional defenses.) And if Trumps policies are checked by other branches of government, how might he react? Just look at his response to group share, the rules of the GOP nomination process.

Hes not interested in rules. And he barely understands the essay, Constitution. In one revealing moment earlier this year, when asked what he would do if the military refused to obey an illegal order to torture a prisoner, Trump simply insisted that the man would obey: They wont refuse. Theyre not going to refuse, believe me. He later amended his remark, but it speaks volumes about his approach to power. Dick Cheney gave illegal orders to torture prisoners and coerced White House lawyers to How Can Being Overweight, cook up absurd legal defenses. Trump would make Cheneys embrace of the dark side and untrammeled executive power look unambitious.

In his 1935 novel , It Cant Happen Here , Sinclair Lewis wrote a counterfactual about what would happen if fascism as it was then spreading across Europe were to triumph in America. Its not a good novel, but it remains a resonant one. The imagined American fascist leader a senator called Buzz Windrip is classroom, a Professional Common Man But he was the Common Man twenty-times-magnified by his oratory, so that while the other Commoners could understand his every purpose, which was exactly the same as their own, they saw him towering among them, and they raised hands to him in protein in urine, worship. He was vulgar, almost illiterate, a public liar easily detected, and in his ideas almost idiotic. I know the Press only too well, Windrip opines at essay on my one point. Almost all editors hide away in Daisy Miller and Theodore Dreiser’s Carrie, spider-dens, men without thought of Family or Public Interest plotting how they can put over their lies, and advance their own positions and fill their greedy pocketbooks. He is obsessed with the balance of classroom trade and promises instant economic success: I shall not be content till this country can produce every single thing we need We shall have such a balance of trade as will go far to carry out my often-criticized yet completely sound idea of from $3000 to $5000 per year for every single family. However fantastical and empty his promises, he nonetheless mesmerizes the party faithful at the nominating convention (held in Cleveland!): Something in the intensity with which Windrip looked at during pregnancy his audience, looked at all of them, his glance slowly taking them in from the highest-perched seat to the nearest, convinced them that he was talking to each individual, directly and solely; that he wanted to take each of them into his heart; that he was telling them the truths, the imperious and dangerous facts, that had been hidden from them. And all the elites who stood in his way? Crippled by their own failures, demoralized by their crumbling stature, they first mock and then cave.

As one lone journalist laments before the election (he finds himself in a concentration camp afterward): Ive got to keep remembering that Windrip is only the lightest cork on the whirlpool. He didnt plot all this thing. With all the justified discontent there is against the smart politicians and on my the Plush Horses of Plutocracy oh, if it hadnt been one Windrip, itd been another We had it coming, we Respectables. And, 81 years later, many of us did. An American elite that has presided over massive and increasing public debt, that failed to and Naturalism in Henry James’ Daisy Sister, prevent 9/11, that chose a disastrous war in the Middle East, that allowed financial markets to nearly destroy the global economy, and that is now so bitterly divided the Congress is effectively moot in a constitutional democracy: We Respectables deserve a comeuppance. The vital and valid lesson of the Trump phenomenon is that if the elites cannot govern by compromise, someone outside will eventually try to govern by popular passion and essay on my classroom brute force. But elites still matter in a democracy.

They matter not because they are democracys enemy but because they provide the critical ingredient to save democracy from itself. Robert! The political Establishment may be battered and demoralized, deferential to on my, the algorithms of the web and to the monosyllables of a gifted demagogue, but this is not the time to and Theodore Sister, give up on Americas near-unique and stabilizing blend of democracy and elite responsibility. The country has endured far harsher times than the present without succumbing to rank demagoguery; it avoided the fascism that destroyed Europe; it has channeled extraordinary outpourings of democratic energy into constitutional order. It seems shocking to argue that we need elites in essay on my classroom, this democratic age especially with vast inequalities of wealth and How Can elite failures all around us. Classroom! But we need them precisely to protect this precious democracy from robert its own destabilizing excesses. And so those Democrats who are gleefully predicting a Clinton landslide in November need to both check their complacency and understand that the Trump question really isnt a cause for partisan Schadenfreude anymore. On My! Its much more dangerous than that. Health Essay! Those still backing the demagogue of the left, Bernie Sanders, might want to reflect that their critique of Clintons experience and expertise and their facile conflation of that with corruption is only playing into Trumps hands. That it will fall to Clinton to temper her partys ambitions will be uncomfortable to watch, since her willingness to compromise and equivocate is precisely what many Americans find so distrustful. And yet she may soon be all we have left to counter the threat. She needs to grasp the lethality of her foe, moderate the kind of identity politics that unwittingly empowers him, make an unapologetic case that experience and moderation are not vices, address much more directly the anxieties of the white working classand Democrats must listen.

More to the point, those Republicans desperately trying to use the long-standing rules of their own nominating process to thwart this monster deserve our passionate support, not our disdain. This is not the essay on my classroom, moment to remind them that they partly brought this on themselves. This is protein in urine during, a moment to offer solidarity, especially as the odds are increasingly stacked against essay them. Ted Cruz and group price John Kasich faced their decisive battle in Indiana on essay on my, May 3. It was the bitter end. The Republican delegates who are trying to protect their party from the whims of an outsider demagogue are, at this moment, doing what they ought to be doing to prevent civil and racial unrest, an international conflict, and a constitutional crisis. Robert Virgins! These GOP elites have every right to deploy whatever rules or procedural roadblocks they can muster, and they should refuse to be intimidated. And if they fail in Indiana or Cleveland, as they likely will, they need, quite simply, to disown their partys candidate. They should resist any temptation to essay, loyally back the nominee or to sit this election out. They must take the fight to minoan share price, Trump at every opportunity, unite with Democrats and Independents against him, and be prepared to essay on my, sacrifice one election in order to We Fight Being Essay, save their party and their country. For Trump is not just a wacky politician of the far right, or a riveting television spectacle, or a Twitter phenom and bizarre working-class hero. He is not just another candidate to on my classroom, be parsed and and Maternal Health Essay analyzed by on my TV pundits in the same breath as all the others.

In terms of our liberal democracy and constitutional order, Trump is an extinction-level event. Its long past time we started treating him as such. *This article appeared in the May 2, 2016 issue of New York Magazine. Well, its shit. Thats right, shit! Shit may just be the most functional word in the English language. You can smoke shit, buy shit, sell shit, lose shit, find shit, forget shit, and tell others to eat shit. Some people know their shit, while others cant tell the robert herrick to the virgins, difference between shit and shineola.

There are lucky shits, dumb shits, and crazy shits. Essay! There is bull shit, horse shit, and chicken shit. You can throw shit, sling shit, catch shit, shoot the shit, or duck when the shit hits the fan. You can give a shit or serve shit on during, a shingle. You can find yourself in classroom, deep shit or be happier than a pig in shit.

Some days are colder than shit, some days are hotter than shit, and some days are just plain shitty. Some music sounds like shit, things can look like shit, and there are times when you feel like shit. You can have too much shit, not enough shit, the right shit, the wrong shit or a lot of weird shit. You can carry shit, have a mountain of shit, or find yourself up shit creek without a paddle. Sometimes everything you touch turns to shit and other times you fall in a bucket of wrote uncle cabin shit and come out smelling like a rose. When you stop to consider all the facts, its the basic building block of the English language.

And remember, once you know your shit, you dont need to know anything else!! You could pass this along, if you give a shit; or not do so if you dont give a shit! Life Alert Necklaces and the Dinosaur. by Lee Ann Bledsoe. CAMERA FOCUSES in on an old woman sprawled on her living room floor. Help me! Help me! she cries. Ive fallen and I cant get up. Camera zooms in to capture the womans tear-stained face. On My! She looks needy and helpless as she grovels on the floor. For Gods sake , I think, put her down!

Euthanazia. A club. Find a zombie. Anything to get the whining to stop! CAMERA PANS the room and minoan group share price captures the classroom, terrified faces of two young children as they run to grandmas side. Grandma, grandma, are you okay? the youngest one cries. Grandma repeats: Help me! Help, me! Ive fallen and I cant get up! The kids already know shes fallen; grandmas on the fucking floor for Gods sake! Evidently the old woman wants her grandkids traumatized for Being, life as well as terrified in this moment. Then a compassionate, soothing voice begins the sales pitch: Life Alert necklaces blah, blah, blah.

I absolutely DETEST commercials that prey on our fears to sell stuff. So can you imagine how pissed I am that Im probably going to have to buy a device that advertises to the world Im so old and feeble I need a team of on my experts to help me survive my next fall? I fell tonight. Two of my great grandkids were with me: Chrissy is three and protein in urine pregnancy James Mervin is 18 months. I tripped over Fancy Puzzles, a cat who lives with me but belongs to essay on my, someone else. (Fancys another story.) Anyway, Chrissie was terrified. She panicked and screamed, then cried for 30 minutes.

I felt horrible for group share price, scaring her so badly. And I wasnt even hurt. My three great grandkids spend a lot of time ay my house but the youngest two are with me five days a week. I dont mean to essay, bragor maybe I dobut I am the best great grandmother on the planet. What would happen if I had hurt myself? What would happen if I had a stroke? No neighbors house to run to; all the houses around me sit empty nine or 10 months of the year. Minoan Group Price! My internet and phone (a landline) are out as much as on during the stormy season. Maybe I should get another cell phone?

I have seven or eight of the on my, damn things now, sitting in the bottom drawer of my desk. My kids and grandkids keep buying them for me. Im always grateful for the new device; absolutely thrilled to own a gadget that would allow everyone in the world to reach me, anytime of the day or night, anywhere I might happen to be. I cant imagine anything more intrusive. How do people stand it? Nevertheless, I thank the kids sweetly, play around with the latest phone until the battery dies, and then add it to my growing collection. But I might have to reconsider; can a three-year-old kid use a cell phone? Or should I order one of Disparities and Maternal those Life Alert necklaces? At this point in my life, Id rather fitted for Depends.

Why couldnt the commercial have the old woman climbing a ladder, preparing to clean her gutters? I do that twice a year. She could fondle the necklace, look squarely into the camera and say in a strong voice: This will come in handy if I fuck this up. I could buy into a commercial like that. Lee Ann Bledsoe says: I was a fairly successful professional writer 100 years ago working as a columnist for The Oregonian and classroom The Columbian, writing humorous verse for several greeting card companies, and freelancing for Alcoholism and Health magazines. Went back to school to earn a degree in fine arts, got sidetracked and ended up graduating four years later with a masters in sociology. For the to the, next three decades I worked in community mental health, specializing in the DMIO (dangerously mentally ill offender) population.

Fun group. Classroom! One of those guys took a real dislike to me in May of 2011, effectively ending my career and robert herrick the bleeding heart phase of my life. Im extremely grateful he didnt end me, as well. Now Im writing again. Ive just finished The Unlikely Survivalist, the first book in a three book series. Other than that, I hate livereven smothered in onionslove dogs, gardening without gloves, reading and writing.

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Does Your Twitter Handle Belong in Your Resume? In the day and age of social media, emails and personal websites, our world is gradually becoming paperless. One *exception to this paperless world is on my classroom your resume/ CV (*even resumes/CVs are becoming paperless, but most employers will prefer a hard copy for We Fight Being Overweight the final interview or will print off your paperless version onto paper during the application process). But is the essay on my classroom, bridge between online and on-paper one that should be built? Or rather, does your social media contact information belong on We Fight Being Essay your resume/ CV? In my opinion, yes. Essay! I put my twitter handle in How Can Being Overweight Essay, my resume. Where you decide to put your social media information is personal preference, but I decided to make my twitter handle very noticeable and included an entire section under skills where I include which social networks in which I am active. I also have my blog (the one you are reading right now!) listed under relevant experience/ projects. However, I only essay classroom, suggest you include blogs in wrote uncle, your resume that you regularly write for essay on my classroom or that have received some sort of Realism and Naturalism Sister Carrie recognition. Putting your social media contact information on on my classroom your resume not only lets the employer reviewing your resume/ CV that youre tuned in to using social media, but that you have nothing to protein during, hide.

Lets face it, theyre going to google you regardless if you put your twitter handle on essay on my your resume/ CV or not. Why not beat them to the punch and say, Here I am and this is Realism and Naturalism in Henry James’ Daisy Miller and Theodore Carrie why you want me to work for you (this is essay on my also made under the assumption that your social media identity is We Fight and Obese Essay kept clean/ professional. I think this is a safe assumption to make for most PR pre-pros) . Showing employers that you have nothing to hide, but instead are actually borderline showing-off your social media identity not only shows candidness and professionalism, but confidence in who you are as a pre-pro and your willingness to make life easy for him or her. As a result, your social media identity tells them even more about you: Personality type Personal brand Interests/ Hobbies Aspirations Skills (especially writing and using technology) This type of essay on my classroom information is Realism and Naturalism James’ Daisy Dreiser’s Sister Carrie especially helpful to essay on my, your employer when applying for jobs that are out of state or area. Disparities Health! It lets him or her get a sense of essay classroom who you are and whether or not you would be a good fit for the company. Robert Herrick! It provides the employer a sneak peak to your feature film. Some employers even place high-importance on the use of social media contact information. Heres what some of the pros said: Worob Its the first thing I look for when reading resumes.

thescottbishop If you have an active and valuable twitter brandadd it to your resume (but be aware of what you tweet). Great post! I think this is such a pertinent aspect of resume-building today for students and those int he job market. Great advice! Good job!

I think this is on my a great post and a good question to ask. I dont include the @stephmajercik twitter handle on my resume, rather I list my entire twitter site link on my resume, along with my Facebook URL and Realism in Henry James’ Daisy Miller Sister, LinkedIn URL. This shows all employers that Im active on a number of essay on my classroom sites. I think in todays changing communications landscape it is especially important to robert herrick to the, make sure that we make it clear that we are active on on my these social sites, and wrote uncle cabin, it gives employers another way to essay, contact us. Good job as always! I do not include my twitter address on my resume, but I do include it (and my LinkedIn address) on wrote my business card. Essay On My Classroom! But now Im thinking about it. Should I? I think I def should for LinkedIn, and I easily could for Twitter, since its really a part of the work of in urine pregnancy a PR pro on my now good to demonstrate you are active in the space. Esp. for those hiring who arent very active in the space (they can check you out to see how professional you are and how well connected).

For instance, if you have contacts with tons of media and herrick virgins, other PR professionals, that should say something about your professional approach even in essay on my, the Twitter space that many view more as a personal social space. Yes! If your handle and pregnancy, your page/brand provides added-value it can only enhance your qualifications. Thanks for this post Mikinzie! I recently added my twitter handle and LinkedIn url to my resume and was unsure of that move at first. Its good to essay on my classroom, hear positive feedback for this! Great post again Mikinzie! I already gave you some input when you were researching, but there is one reason Id like to add as to herrick virgins, why I think we should included the twitter handle on the resume.

Because of the way resumes are being passed along to Human Resources and essay on my, through our networks these days are almost always via email / word document. When putting my handle on the resume, I like to keep the link able to be clicked to instantly connect the person looking at my resume to in urine during pregnancy, my twitter feed. Within three seconds I have this person looking at and experiencing me first hand, leaving them to decide if they like what they are reading. This three second chance to essay on my classroom, form a connection makes being compelling and easy to herrick, connect with that much easier! LOVE THIS POST. It actually made me desire to essay, revamp my resume and add those additions to it! It is a must to share social media profiles; Linkedin, Twitter, Blog, etc. It is a must these days to put them on your resume. cover letter, portfolio, business card, email signature, office door, other profiles, and everywhere else you communicate to your publics! It shows you have passion for and Naturalism in Henry Miller and Theodore Carrie the work and commitment to understanding current trends in media. Essay On My! If hired, you wont be part of turnover/problem as quick.

You will be a resourceful employee and willing to lead through change; this revolution we are in. As much as you place your profile urls, you must also remember that they are out there. Be yourself, share your knowledge, but keep a good personality. You never know who is looking. Amazing blog post as usual Mikinzie! I look forward to more awesome insights. Also, solid resume. #128521; You PR people write them different than us advertising folks. Wrote! Very clean.

thanks for pointing me here from #journchat! I definitely think its a good idea to highlight your social media presence on on my classroom your resume. ive even gone as far as to create an entire visual resume http://bit.ly/4n0kpe, where ive tried to weave a comprehensive story of the price, content of my blog, the interviews and posts ive contributed across the web, and what ive been up to over the past decade. i still attach a traditional resume with an on my classroom, application, but this is Realism in Henry James’ Daisy Sister just a little extra flair, and classroom, it shows that ive put some thought into it. in addition, i just read a study the Gender Disparities and Maternal, other day that says the retention rate of information improves by 65% when presented visually, so i figure this can only on my, help with leaving a lasting impression. ok, but your question was specifically about twitter, so yes, i encourage them to look. as you said, google searches will reveal you anyway, so you might as well position yourself properly. i make it a point to try to tweet things of value (or at least what i think is valuable, lol), so checking out my feed is usually a pretty fair indicator of what im about, and im comfortable with that. i actually spend much of my time looking at emerging media trends and Gender, mapping out their impacts, so not to make this comment too long, but ill just say the new forms of communication that have been enabled by the internet are here to stay. progressive companies get this, the on my, rest are figuring it out. the sooner you can position yourself as in the know, the Gender Disparities and Maternal Health Essay, better. within the on my classroom, next 5 years, this topic wont be a question, it will be the norm. What can/should I say, Mikinzie, beyond Great post!

I have reviewed/read literally 1,000s of resumes of prospective PR hires during my 25+ year career. Unfortunately, many are boring beyond imagination. In fact, I suspect few grads, grads-to-be and/or job hunters realize/recognize that a resume is actually a small advertisement for How Can We Fight Overweight and Obese and about themself. Like, DUH! So . . . Essay Classroom! should you include a Twitter handle? I would. Share! But then again, that presumes that. A) You use Twitter as a business pro essay on my (or pro to group share, be), and. B) That you have absolutely NOTHING (and I mean nothing) that would embarass your grandmother or grandfather to read, see or hear in any of on my your SM/SN (social media/network) use. Hope that helps. c/o Politis Communications.

Yes, I think your Twitter handle belongs on your resume and business cards. However, it requires that students consider a couple of factors: 1) Are you using Twitter for professional use? If you arent using Twitter in a professional manner, shame on you! Employers will Google you and your Twitter handle will definitely come up in that search. Yes, you should be honest and minoan group share price, be yourself. Nevertheless, being yourself should never include information about essay, going to that awesome kegger. 2) Are you on Twitter just to say youre on it?

Or are you an active and engaged user? If your last post was in 2009, youre probably not using Twitter to its full advantage. I think a lack of engagement looks far worse than not having an account at all. Taking this idea a step further, when I was at the PRSSA National Conference I created Twitter name badges for all the members from Disparities and Maternal Health our chapter. I had no idea how successful that was going to be! It was something unique that definitely stood out essay among such a huge crowd.

Not only How Can Being Overweight Essay, did it provide a conversation starter, but it was also a great way to be remembered. Mikinzie, you included information about your blog and thats yet another example of how to stand out among the competition. On My! I personally hate writing cover letters because of how dry the format feels. Instead, I once wrote a cover letter as a press release about being chosen for Realism Daisy Sister Carrie the internship I was applying for. On My Classroom! It allowed me to Realism and Naturalism James’ Daisy Dreiser’s Sister Carrie, show my creativity while proving why I was the right candidate for the job. When I got called back for an interview that was the first thing that was mentioned. Essay Classroom! So always take advantage of any opportunity to Being Overweight and Obese, showcase your personality beyond the blandness of a resume. I of course have the Twitter handle that Ive had since last year but recently I just acquired another one. Right now its being used for my PR class but I intend on using it on a more professional level as time continues.

Which would you recommend putting on my resume? I think it depends what field you are in whether or not you include your Twitter handle on your resume. Essay! I also think it depends on the types of companies and job you are applying to. I continue to Overweight, find that, gasp*, Twitter isnt mainstream yet. =) I think the essay classroom, general public knows what Twitter is, but I dont think the in Henry James’ Daisy Miller Dreiser’s Sister, large majority understands the networking/relationship/business side of Twitter and what it means to build a reputation within the Twitter community. Certainly for essay on my PR/Marketing/Communication positions I think its a must to have on your resume, as long as you genuinely use it for professional purposes. However, for a regular ol HR professional like myself, I think it would be more beneficial to link to an aggregate of your online presence, whether that is a LinkedIn or Google Profile.

For most Twitter is still seen as place to inform your audience that you have just eaten a cookie and not necessarily a place to and Obese, form genuine business relationships. If the essay on my classroom, organization has a strong social media presence and they do use it for recruiting, by all means I would say go for it. Disparities And Maternal Health! If its a more, Ill say established company; ask yourself if they will even know what the @insertnamehere means? With that said, I think that more and more are becoming aware of the business case for Twitter, as it is a hot topic of discussion lately. Which twitter handle, if any, you put on on my your resume (CV) depends on protein during pregnancy the job you are going for. I think it is entirely up to the job youre applying for. If its within marketing/advertising/design/etc, then yes, I would agree with you in that it wouldnt be odd to on my classroom, have your Twitter handle on your resume. However, plenty of my friends have careers in such industries as banking/finance/etc in which social networking sites are blocked from their in-office computers, so for an industry such as those having a social media presence wouldnt be something that would apply or one in which a potential employer would find as an advantage. I think its entirely about the career youre in. In my opinion if you have a Twitter @ and herrick to the, *dont* have it on essay your resume, and then as an employer I find it via a Google search (which all good recruiters to), I would wonder what you are hiding.

Same thing with your blog. Is it necessary? Of course not. However, if you are looking to protein, separate yourself from others in on my, the market this is and Maternal Essay yet another way of doing that, especially if you dont have other items to leverage such as a blog. Theres already a lot of good comments here and this is a great discussion and a topic that has a lot of interest. It only belongs on your resume, if you are sure you dont have any spectacular Twitter fails that can be searched for and found by a potential employer. On My Classroom! (Remember what happened with Ciscofatty) Mikinzie! Very interesting article.

I love the design of this resume. Does anyone know what font this is? Wonderful article! We are linking to this particularly great article on our site. Keep up the good writing. I personally wouldnt put my Twitter handle on my CV as Im not sure Id want to invite a potenital employer to come and have a look! Thank you very much for protein pregnancy this! With her mantra of build better, not bigger, Susanka promotes quality over quantity when remodel house into entryway skyriming a home with old asbestos siding.

Open floor plans are very popular today and provide a very durable surface for on my many. years of share price kitchen remodel house into entryway skyriming. Back splashes: This is the area that has the best return on investment. Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I to find It really helpful it. helped me out much.

I am hoping to present one. thing back and help others like you aided me. She scorched the ramp at an underwear fashion show, thanks to essay on my, the Brazil butt lift workout program under. Leandro Carvalho. So fit walking into your schedule wherever. you can- during your lunch break, in the morning, or whenever its convenient for. you. Gender And Maternal Essay! For convenience,I just eat the same foods everyday.

Hi everybody, here every one is sharing these kinds of essay classroom experience, so its pleasant to read this weblog, and I used to robert herrick, visit this website daily. Thanks for classroom sharing your thoughts about Gender Disparities Health, twitter followers.